|By Adam Vincent||
|March 4, 2011 02:05 PM EST||
Problems with NIEM Enablement
There are several barriers to adoption of NIEM that must be dealt with. The first is that Data is currently represented in terms that the enterprise has defined and semantics likely differ between NIEM and the currently leveraged legacy data formats. Second, requirements for run-time security and governance of new NIEM-enabled services adds new complexities to which the current enterprise may not be accustomed to.
Database and Legacy Application Integration
Our philosophy is to allow for data integration through a logical model, which provides a necessary level of abstraction to achieve data decoupling and lifecycle management. A critical requirement of NIEM is to allow for integration and mediations between multiple back-end legacy data structures, and formats thus, it is critical that customers be provided the capability to import legacy data models, and file formats and translate them into the NIEM schema so they can carry out their information sharing needs.
Layer 7 Value: Layer 7 provides the capability to import models in standard formats, and enrich data integrations with rules, and mapping to produce NIEM-enabled services without writing a single line of code. With Layer 7, data integrations may be accomplished with a click of the mouse, and at run-time the Layer 7 appliance can transform and validate data before it is submitted to the connected legacy applications and services. The distributed deployment model improves performance and scalability relative to hub and spoke architectures. All data services use standard interfaces for incorporation into any business process or target application, and can be adapted to meet changing requirements over time.
NIEM Services Governance
NIEM as a framework is designed to fulfill the following four primary goals; to determine information sharing requirements, to develop standards, and vocabularies to meet these requirements, to provide technical tools to support development, discovery, dissemination and reuse, and to provide training, technical assistance, and implementation support.
Layer 7 Value: Through use of Layer 7’s policy governance products, run-time frameworks may be used between consumers and services to enforce and apply NIEM requirements in a highly configurable, centrally managed, and dynamically updatable fashion while still maintaining the desired ability to meet the goals of just-in-time integration, flexible system design by loose-coupling between software components and reuse of software components across diverse business processes. Examples of governance requirements met with Layer 7 include:
- Threat Protection - While numerous cyber defense point solutions exist – crypto devices, firewalls, identity and access management systems that encompass biometrics, smart cards, audit software, etc. – they tend to be narrowly deployed and narrowly focused (i.e., by office, department or bureau), rather than integrated to form a government-wide or even a nation-wide security barrier. SOA and cloud security solutions, on the other hand, are designed to deal with the elimination of boundaries between systems and the ever-growing use of shared and common resources. As NIEM-based services are exposed outside of the enterprise it is critical that we look to not only traditional defense in depth concepts to enhance our security posture of these new services but further look to the new risks that we are exposing to our enterprise, and our legacy business systems. The Layer 7 product delivers inherent cyber defense capabilities to address common threats associated with SOA, Web Services, and Cloud implementations. It acts as a Policy Enforcement Point (PEP) which proxies and inspects every message destined for and/or returned from a Firewall-protected service, based on a user-defined set of policies. Policies can incorporate any combination of identity, authentication protocol, time of day, IP address, message count, message content or routing parameters. In addition, through Layer 7 robust audit and logging services can be created which audit usage and misusage of each NIEM service.
- Access Control - With NIEM we require that newly created, and available services have access control applied, and reapplied as policies for access's change. In addition, supporting multiple credentials and authentication techniques is highly desired so that a single NIEM application can authenticate users from various agencies and authorize them using a common policy. The Layer 7 SecureSpan and CloudSpan product lines provide wide support for XACML, allowing it to be used directly within the appliance as an authorization policy language, or indirectly by supporting integration to third-party XACML-compliant enterprise products. Not only does this allow for high speed, XACML-based policy decision within the Layer 7 appliance for in-line authorizations as part of a PEP, but it additionally allows Layer 7 to be utilized as a central Policy Decision Point (PDP). If your agency doesn't have a externally available attribute service - Layer 7 can help. Layer 7 provides Attribute Service capabilities within its XML Gateway products, delivering support for X.509 Attribute Sharing Profile, as well as Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) – 12 Backend Attribute Exchange (BAE). Not only can Layer 7 provide support for building Attribute Services based on the leading standards, but it can also provide policy-based security for authentication, authorization, digital signing, and encryption to meet the highest security requirements for attribute dissemination.
- Identity Federation - Sharing application data and functionality over the network to external divisions and partners requires trust between two applications in different identity domains. Establishing this trust in user-machine interactions is challenging, and harder still in machine-to-machine SOA and cloud environments. As NIEM aims to support federation across its user-base, this too is a requirement of the service governance layer and luckily is a capability that Layer 7 provides. Layer 7 is the only XML security vendor to offer enterprises a solution for managing Web services federation from client application to Web service without programming as well as a provide a built-in SAML based Secure Token Service. The Layer 7 Web service federation solution can integrate with leading identity management, federation and security token services. The Layer 7 SecureSpan XML Firewall and The SecureSpan XML Networking Gateway also provide customers a flexible SAML based Security Token Service (STS) appliance for consuming, validating, creating and transforming security tokens including Kerberos, SAML 1.1 and 2.0. Likewise the SecureSpan XML VPN Client provides a admin-configurable tool for establishing PKI based trust on a client application, managing token requests from an STS (3rd party of Layer 7), and packaging a token into a secure SOAP call. Layer 7’s SecureSpan XML VPN automatically manages token negotiation using standards like WS-Trust, WS-Federation, and packaging of SOAP calls on the client application using WS-Security and WS-I Basic Security Profile to name some standards. All this is accomplished with zero upfront code and no down-time for policy updates.
- Monitoring - As SOA adoption has matured, new services have come online and been offered throughout the government enterprise, crossing organizational, network, and even classification boundaries. These newly formed IT Communities of Interest (IT COI) require a shared knowledge of their individual and collective purpose, mission objectives, service level agreements, security, etc., but also–critically–require a common interpretation of dependencies should one or more of the services go down. Today, services within one government organization are generally well constructed, secured and monitored to ensure availability. However, current monitoring solutions provide little to no service availability information for external members of an IT COI. As such, should a firewall go down at the boundary of a service provider’s domain, external entities may no longer be able to reach a service even though the service provider will still register it as being available. A new type of federated monitoring solution is required to solve this availability vs. “reach-ability” problem – one that monitors service characteristics not only within its own domain, but also from the service provider's network perimeter. Such a solution would allow external users to accurately measure a service’s availability, reach-ability and performance. A number of standards already exist for this purpose, including WS-Management and Web Services Distributed Management (WSDM) for metric collection, as well as WS-Notification or WS-Eventing which can be used for metric publishing/ subscription. In fact, the Department of Defense (DoD) and Intelligence Community (IC) have developed the Joint DoD/IC Enterprise Service Monitoring (JESM) specification, which is based on a subset of WSDM and WS-Eventing functionality.
Through Layer 7 Data and Services Governance, a common NIEM-supported data model may be created, and constantly managed through change management data lifecycle governance. In addition, Layer 7 incorporates a services governance layer onto the newly created data services to allow for NIEM-supportive Web Services to be provided securely across the enterprise, and with external partners.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Isomorphic Software will exhibit at DevOps Summit at 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Isomorphic Software provides the SmartClient HTML5/AJAX platform, the most advanced technology for building rich, cutting-edge enterprise web applications for desktop and mobile. SmartClient combines the productivity and performance of traditional desktop software with the simp...
Aug. 25, 2016 03:30 AM EDT Reads: 2,109
DevOps at Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long dev...
Aug. 25, 2016 02:30 AM EDT Reads: 2,140
Is the ongoing quest for agility in the data center forcing you to evaluate how to be a part of infrastructure automation efforts? As organizations evolve toward bimodal IT operations, they are embracing new service delivery models and leveraging virtualization to increase infrastructure agility. Therefore, the network must evolve in parallel to become equally agile. Read this essential piece of Gartner research for recommendations on achieving greater agility.
Aug. 25, 2016 02:15 AM EDT Reads: 455
Personalization has long been the holy grail of marketing. Simply stated, communicate the most relevant offer to the right person and you will increase sales. To achieve this, you must understand the individual. Consequently, digital marketers developed many ways to gather and leverage customer information to deliver targeted experiences. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lou Casal, Founder and Principal Consultant at Practicala, discussed how the Internet of Things (IoT) has accelerated our abil...
Aug. 25, 2016 02:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,891
SYS-CON Events announced today that 910Telecom will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Housed in the classic Denver Gas & Electric Building, 910 15th St., 910Telecom is a carrier-neutral telecom hotel located in the heart of Denver. Adjacent to CenturyLink, AT&T, and Denver Main, 910Telecom offers connectivity to all major carriers, Internet service providers, Internet backbones and ...
Aug. 25, 2016 02:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,774
With so much going on in this space you could be forgiven for thinking you were always working with yesterday’s technologies. So much change, so quickly. What do you do if you have to build a solution from the ground up that is expected to live in the field for at least 5-10 years? This is the challenge we faced when we looked to refresh our existing 10-year-old custom hardware stack to measure the fullness of trash cans and compactors.
Aug. 25, 2016 01:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,602
Extreme Computing is the ability to leverage highly performant infrastructure and software to accelerate Big Data, machine learning, HPC, and Enterprise applications. High IOPS Storage, low-latency networks, in-memory databases, GPUs and other parallel accelerators are being used to achieve faster results and help businesses make better decisions. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Michael O'Neill, Strategic Business Development at NVIDIA, focused on some of the unique ways extreme computing is...
Aug. 25, 2016 01:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,972
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions wi...
Aug. 25, 2016 12:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,903
With over 720 million Internet users and 40–50% CAGR, the Chinese Cloud Computing market has been booming. When talking about cloud computing, what are the Chinese users of cloud thinking about? What is the most powerful force that can push them to make the buying decision? How to tap into them? In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Yu Hao, CEO and co-founder of SpeedyCloud, answered these questions and discussed the results of SpeedyCloud’s survey.
Aug. 25, 2016 12:30 AM EDT Reads: 2,072
19th Cloud Expo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterpri...
Aug. 25, 2016 12:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,975
To leverage Continuous Delivery, enterprises must consider impacts that span functional silos, as well as applications that touch older, slower moving components. Managing the many dependencies can cause slowdowns. See how to achieve continuous delivery in the enterprise.
Aug. 24, 2016 10:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,458
Actian Corporation has announced the latest version of the Actian Vector in Hadoop (VectorH) database, generally available at the end of July. VectorH is based on the same query engine that powers Actian Vector, which recently doubled the TPC-H benchmark record for non-clustered systems at the 3000GB scale factor (see tpc.org/3323). The ability to easily ingest information from different data sources and rapidly develop queries to make better business decisions is becoming increasingly importan...
Aug. 24, 2016 10:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,012
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
Aug. 24, 2016 09:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,673
Kubernetes, Docker and containers are changing the world, and how companies are deploying their software and running their infrastructure. With the shift in how applications are built and deployed, new challenges must be solved. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at19th Cloud Expo, Sebastian Scheele, co-founder of Loodse, will discuss the implications of containerized applications/infrastructures and their impact on the enterprise. In a real world example based on Kubernetes, he will show how to ...
Aug. 24, 2016 04:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,326
Pulzze Systems was happy to participate in such a premier event and thankful to be receiving the winning investment and global network support from G-Startup Worldwide. It is an exciting time for Pulzze to showcase the effectiveness of innovative technologies and enable them to make the world smarter and better. The reputable contest is held to identify promising startups around the globe that are assured to change the world through their innovative products and disruptive technologies. There w...
Aug. 24, 2016 04:15 PM EDT Reads: 369