Click here to close now.




















Welcome!

News Feed Item

Harper Government Designates Canadian Participation in the Royal Flying Corps as an Event of National Historical Significance

OTTAWA, ONTARIO -- (Marketwire) -- 11/10/12 -- On behalf of the Honourable Peter Kent, Canada's Environment Minister and Minister responsible for Parks Canada, the Honourable Peter MacKay, Minister of National Defence, today announced the designation of Canada's participation in the Royal Flying Corps as an event of national historic significance.

"Today's designation commemorates the massive contribution Canada made as a young country to the Allied cause in the First World War," said Minister MacKay. "By training thousands of pilots for the Royal Flying Corps, Canada made an important military contribution that not only made it a world leader in aviation, but also set the stage for its future as an independent nation."

During the First World War, nine facilities were set up in Canada that trained 11,928 air force personnel of all ranks for the Royal Flying Corps (later the Royal Air Force), many of whom, after the war, would provide the foundation for the development of the Royal Canadian Air Force. Canadian airmen made a vital contribution to the success of the Royal Flying Corps' war effort. Prominent members of the Royal Flying Corps included two recipients of the highest award for valour, the Victoria Cross: William Avery Bishop, with 72 credited victories, the second highest total in the Royal Flying Corps; and, William Barker, with 50 victories and one of the most decorated Canadian serviceman in history.

This new designation will be included in Canada's system of national historic sites, persons and events, on the recommendation of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.

"The designation of Canadian Participation in the Royal Flying Corps commemorates a significant contribution to the development of Canada as a nation, both domestically and abroad," said Minister Kent. "Today's national historic designation reminds Canadians of how Canada's military heritage has shaped Canada as we know it today as well as how Canada came into its own on the global stage."

The Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada was established in 1919 and is supported by Parks Canada. It advises the Minister of the Environment regarding the national significance of places, persons and events that have marked Canada's history. On behalf of the people of Canada, Parks Canada manages a nationwide network that makes up a rich tapestry of Canada's historical heritage and offers the public opportunities for real and inspiring discoveries.

For additional information, please see the accompanying backgrounder at www.parkscanada.gc.ca under Media Room.

BACKGROUNDER

CANADIAN PARTICIPATION IN THE ROYAL FLYING CORPS

When the First World War began, Canada did not have its own air force. Until Britain's Royal Flying Corps (RFC) established training camps in Canada (January 1917) the only way for a Canadian to become a pilot was to enlist in the regular forces and try to transfer to the air service, or to travel at his own expense to England and attempt to enlist directly. The importance of air power grew steadily throughout the war. Aircrafts were used to photograph enemy defences, direct the heavy guns that bombarded those defences, and ward off enemy aircraft intent on doing the same. The more important aircraft became to waging war, the more airmen were needed and in late 1916, RFC expansion plans were developed calling for the creation of 35 new training squadrons, most of which would be located outside Britain.

The establishment of the RFC training scheme in Canada brought together the RFC's need for more trained airmen and the growing desire of Canadians to take part in the air war. By the end of the war, there were nine training facilities in Canada and the Royal Air Force (by then, the RFC had merged with the Royal Air Service to form the new RAF) in Canada had a total strength of 11,928 in all ranks (993 officers, 6,158 other ranks, 4,333 cadet pilots and 444 other officers under training). In its twenty and one-half months in Canada, the RFC/RAF training establishment had recruited 16,663 personnel and had graduated 3,135 pilots (of whom 2,539 went overseas and 356 remained in Canada as instructors) and 137 observers, of whom 85 were sent overseas. At the time of the armistice, it had an additional 240 pilots and 52 observers ready for overseas service.

Canadian participation in the RFC contributed significantly to the allied victory. Spurred on by patriotism, a sense of adventure and the romance of flying, thousands of young Canadians joined the RFC and served with distinction. They were involved in all aspects of the flying war. Of the twenty-seven Allied pilots who had thirty or more combat victories, ten were Canadians, including top ace "Billy" Bishop with 72 victories and the third top ace, Raymond Collishaw with 60 victories. Also, three Canadians - Bishop, Major William Barker and Lieutenant Alan McLeod - won the Commonwealth's highest award for valour, the Victoria Cross.

Participation in the RFC catapulted Canada into the aviation age. After the war, Canada had a substantial nucleus of skilled workers for the aviation industry, a school of aviation, complete with trained instructors and equipment, several hundred pilots, some 7,000 workers trained as mechanics for the aviation industry, and roughly 700 aircraft available at low prices to pioneer airlines and Canada's own fledgling air force.

Canadian participation in the RFC also provided a foundation for the development of the Royal Canadian Air Force. Prior to the formation of the RCAF, Canada's involvement in air defence consisted of the short-lived Canadian Aviation Corps, a small, two-squadron Canadian Air Force attached to the RAF in England and its participation in the RFC and the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS). On 18 February 1920, the second Canadian Air Force was formed. This "home-based" CAF was formed as a part of the Air Board, and was authorized to appoint six officers and men with temporary rank. The new CAF "was a non-permanent organization to provide biennial 28-day refresher training to former officers and airmen of the wartime Royal Air Force." The program started at Camp Borden, using the installations erected by the RAF in Canada for their wartime training, and former RFC ace, William Bishop was the CAF's first commander. The CAF was renamed the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1924.

Contacts:
Adam Sweet
Press Secretary
Office of the Minister of the Environment
819-997-1441

Media Relations
Parks Canada
819-953-8371
www.twitter.com/parkscanada

More Stories By Marketwired .

Copyright © 2009 Marketwired. All rights reserved. All the news releases provided by Marketwired are copyrighted. Any forms of copying other than an individual user's personal reference without express written permission is prohibited. Further distribution of these materials is strictly forbidden, including but not limited to, posting, emailing, faxing, archiving in a public database, redistributing via a computer network or in a printed form.

Latest Stories
Mobile, social, Big Data, and cloud have fundamentally changed the way we live. “Anytime, anywhere” access to data and information is no longer a luxury; it’s a requirement, in both our personal and professional lives. For IT organizations, this means pressure has never been greater to deliver meaningful services to the business and customers.
"We've just seen a huge influx of new partners coming into our ecosystem, and partners building unique offerings on top of our API set," explained Seth Bostock, Chief Executive Officer at IndependenceIT, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 16th Cloud Expo, held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City.
In a recent research, analyst firm IDC found that the average cost of a critical application failure is $500,000 to $1 million per hour and the average total cost of unplanned application downtime is $1.25 billion to $2.5 billion per year for Fortune 1000 companies. In addition to the findings on the cost of the downtime, the research also highlighted best practices for development, testing, application support, infrastructure, and operations teams.
SYS-CON Events announced today that HPM Networks will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For 20 years, HPM Networks has been integrating technology solutions that solve complex business challenges. HPM Networks has designed solutions for both SMB and enterprise customers throughout the San Francisco Bay Area.
Learn how you can use the CoSN SEND II Decision Tree for Education Technology to make sure that your K–12 technology initiatives create a more engaging learning experience that empowers students, teachers, and administrators alike.
Container technology is sending shock waves through the world of cloud computing. Heralded as the 'next big thing,' containers provide software owners a consistent way to package their software and dependencies while infrastructure operators benefit from a standard way to deploy and run them. Containers present new challenges for tracking usage due to their dynamic nature. They can also be deployed to bare metal, virtual machines and various cloud platforms. How do software owners track the usag...
As Marc Andreessen says software is eating the world. Everything is rapidly moving toward being software-defined – from our phones and cars through our washing machines to the datacenter. However, there are larger challenges when implementing software defined on a larger scale - when building software defined infrastructure. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Boyan Ivanov, CEO of StorPool, provided some practical insights on what, how and why when implementing "software-defined" in the datacent...
As organizations shift towards IT-as-a-service models, the need for managing and protecting data residing across physical, virtual, and now cloud environments grows with it. CommVault can ensure protection and E-Discovery of your data – whether in a private cloud, a Service Provider delivered public cloud, or a hybrid cloud environment – across the heterogeneous enterprise. In his session at 17th Cloud Expo, Randy De Meno, Chief Technologist - Windows Products and Microsoft Partnerships at Com...
SYS-CON Events announced today that VividCortex, the monitoring solution for the modern data system, will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. The database is the heart of most applications, but it’s also the part that’s hardest to scale, monitor, and optimize even as it’s growing 50% year over year. VividCortex is the first unified suite of database monitoring tools specifically desi...
The Software Defined Data Center (SDDC), which enables organizations to seamlessly run in a hybrid cloud model (public + private cloud), is here to stay. IDC estimates that the software-defined networking market will be valued at $3.7 billion by 2016. Security is a key component and benefit of the SDDC, and offers an opportunity to build security 'from the ground up' and weave it into the environment from day one. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Reuven Harrison, CTO and Co-Founder of Tufin,...
In their session at 17th Cloud Expo, Hal Schwartz, CEO of Secure Infrastructure & Services (SIAS), and Chuck Paolillo, CTO of Secure Infrastructure & Services (SIAS), provide a study of cloud adoption trends and the power and flexibility of IBM Power and Pureflex cloud solutions. In his role as CEO of Secure Infrastructure & Services (SIAS), Hal Schwartz provides leadership and direction for the company.
SYS-CON Events announced today that MobiDev, a software development company, will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MobiDev is a software development company with representative offices in Atlanta (US), Sheffield (UK) and Würzburg (Germany); and development centers in Ukraine. Since 2009 it has grown from a small group of passionate engineers and business managers to a full-scale mobi...
There are many considerations when moving applications from on-premise to cloud. It is critical to understand the benefits and also challenges of this migration. A successful migration will result in lower Total Cost of Ownership, yet offer the same or higher level of robustness. In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Michael Meiner, an Engineering Director at Oracle, Corporation, analyzed a range of cloud offerings (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS) and discussed the benefits/challenges of migrating to each offe...
Digital Transformation is the ultimate goal of cloud computing and related initiatives. The phrase is certainly not a precise one, and as subject to hand-waving and distortion as any high-falutin' terminology in the world of information technology. Yet it is an excellent choice of words to describe what enterprise IT—and by extension, organizations in general—should be working to achieve. Digital Transformation means: handling all the data types being found and created in the organizat...
Chuck Piluso presented a study of cloud adoption trends and the power and flexibility of IBM Power and Pureflex cloud solutions. Prior to Secure Infrastructure and Services, Mr. Piluso founded North American Telecommunication Corporation, a facilities-based Competitive Local Exchange Carrier licensed by the Public Service Commission in 10 states, serving as the company's chairman and president from 1997 to 2000. Between 1990 and 1997, Mr. Piluso served as chairman & founder of International Te...