News Feed Item

Barrier Films for Flexible Electronics: Needs Players & Opportunities 2012-2022

NEW YORK, Dec. 31, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Barrier Films for Flexible Electronics: Needs Players & Opportunities 2012-2022

Although it is possible to print many different kinds of electronic displays, in order for them to be commercially successful, they must be robust enough to survive for the necessary time and conditions required of the display. This condition has been a limitation of many printable electronic displays. Beyond printability and functionality, one of the most important requirements is encapsulation. Many of the materials used in printed electronic displays are chemically sensitive, and will react with many environmental components.

This highly targeted report from IDTechEx technology analyst Dr Harry Zervos gives an in-depth review of the issues, as well as forecasts for OLEDs and OPV, in order to understand the influence that the development of flexible barriers will have on the mass deployment and adoption of flexible electronics and photovoltaics.

A large opportunity lies in the development of devices in a flexible form factor, allowing them to be more robust, lightweight and versatile in their use.

However, many of the materials used in OLED displays and organic photovoltaics are sensitive to the environment, limiting their lifetime. These materials can be protected using substrates and barriers such as glass and metal, but this results in a rigid device and does not satisfy the applications demanding flexible devices. Plastic substrates and transparent flexible encapsulation barriers can be used, but these offer little protection to oxygen and water, resulting in the devices rapidly degrading.

In order to achieve device lifetimes of tens of thousands of hours, water vapor transmission rates (WVTR) must be 10-6 g/m2/day, and oxygen transmission rates (OTR) must be < 10-3 cm3/m2/day. For Organic Photovoltaics, the required WVTR is not as stringent as OLEDs require but is still very high at a level of 10-5 g/m2/day. These transmission rates are several orders of magnitude smaller than what is possible using any plastic substrate, and they can also be several orders of magnitude smaller than what can be measured using common equipment designed for this purpose. For these (and other) reasons, there has been intense interest in developing transparent barrier materials with much lower permeabilities.

This concise and unique report from IDTechEx gives an in-depth review of the needs, emerging solutions and players. It addresses specific topics such as:
- Companies which are active in the development of high barrier films and their achievements on the field to date.
- Surface smoothness and defects (such as cracks and pinholes) and the effect that these characteristics would have on the barrier behavior of the materials studied.
- Traditional methods of measurement of permeability are reaching the end of their abilities. The MOCON WVTR measurement device, which has been an industry standard, cannot give adequate measurements at the low levels of permeability required for Organic Photovoltaics and OLEDs. Other methods of measurement and equipment developed are being discussed.
- Forecasts for OLEDs and OPV, in order to understand the influence that the development of flexible barriers would have at the mass deployment and adoption of these technologies.

For those developing flexible electronics, seeking materials needs and opportunities, this is a must-read report.

3.1. Important considerations of surface smoothness
3.2. Micro Defects
3.2.1. Crystalline regions
3.2.2. Pinholes
3.2.3. Smoothness / Cracks-Scratches
3.2.4. Nanodefects
4.1. 3M
4.2. Amcor Flexibles Singen GmbH
4.3. CPI
4.4. Fraunhofer - POLO Alliance
4.5. GE
4.6. Tera Barrier
4.7. Vitex
4.8. Other technologies - High barrier adhesives
4.9. Best performing barriers developed to date
5.1. The Calcium test
5.2. MOCON
5.3. Illinois Instruments
5.4. Fluorescent Tracers
5.5. Black Spot Analysis
5.6. Tritium Test
5.7. CEA
5.8. 3M
5.9. IMRE
5.10. Mass Spectrocopy - gas permeation (WVTR & OTR potential applications)
6.1. The potential significance of organic and printed inorganic electronics
6.2. Forecasts for flexible electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier films market size
2.1. Water vapor and oxygen transmission rates of various materials
2.2. Requirements of barrier materials
3.1. Oxygen transmission rates of polypropylene with various coatings.4, 7
4.1. Overview of promising high barrier technologies
5.1. Lower detection limits of several barrier performance measurement techniques
6.1. Leading market drivers 2022
6.2. Total market value of flexible vs. rigid electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier layer area forecasts 2012-2022 in square meters
6.4. Barrier layer market forecasts 2012-2022 in US$ billions
1.1. Examples of flexible OLED displays by SONY and AddVision
1.2. Flexible OLED fabricated using IMRE's high barrier substrate and encapsulation technique44
1.3. Flexible Solar Cell developed by Fraunhofer ISE
2.1. Schematic diagrams for encapsulated structures a) conventional b) laminated c) deposited in situ4
2.2. Scanning electron micrograph image of a barrier film cross section6
3.1. Visual defects of a selection of materials with barrier films highlighted through calcium corrosion test. Optical microscope magnification 10x.44
3.2. SEM pictures of the Atmospheric Plasma Glow Discharge deposited silica-like films on polymer substrates. Left: Film with embedded dust particles . Right: uniform film27
3.3. OTR as a function of defect density, the correlation between defect density and the oxygen transmission rate
3.4. SEM image of a pinhole defect formed from a dust particle32
3.5. Scanning electron microscope image of ITO coated on parylene/polymer film34
3.6. The measurement of OLED's lifetime of SiON/PC/ITO and SiON/parylene/PC/parylene/ITO substrate34
4.1. Calcium test results demonstrating superior WVTR performance
4.2. 3M barrier film development roadmap
4.3. Amcor (formerly Alcan) Packaging flexible barrier based on PET and SiOx47
4.4. DuPont Displays technology pipeline
4.5. Scanning electron micrograph of a thin hybrid polymer coating on SiOx deposited on a flexible PET film 46
4.6. OTR values achieved with different POLO multilayers46
4.7. Schematic of cross section of graded barrier coating and complete barrier film structure1.
4.8. Transparency of GE's UHB film versus wavelength
4.9. Examples of polymer multi-layer (PML) surface planarization a) OLED cathode separator structure b) high aspect ratio test structure.3, 8
4.10. Vitex multilayer deposition process8.
4.11. SEM cross section of Vitex Barix material with four dyads.
4.12. Optical transmission of Vitex Barix coating8.
4.13. Edge seal barrier formation by deposition through shadow masks10
4.14. Three dimensional barrier structure. Polymer is shown in red, and oxide (barrier) shown in blue10
4.15. Schematic of flexible OLED with hybrid encapsulation31
4.16. Corning flexible glass showcased at SID 2011
4.17. Matchless: AGC's ultra-thin sheet glass may be thin, but it can take the heat
4.18. AGC's ultra-thin sheet glass rolled into a coil
4.19. Area sealing55
4.20. DELO's light curing adhesive solution for electrophoretic displays55
4.21. Performance characteristics of DELO's light-curing materials55
4.22. Specifications on WVTR for different applications, as seen by Vitex Systems36
4.23. 3M specifications on WVTR and OTR for high barrier applications with stringent requirements 14
5.1. 2.25 mm2 area of a 50 nm layer of Ca deposited onto barrier coated PET viewed through the substrate. i. Image after 1632 h of exposure to atmosphere; ii. Image analysis whereby the grey scale of Ca degradation is processed to yiel
5.2. A simple set-up for measuring optical transmission of calcium test cells48
5.3. MOCON's Aquatran™ Model 138
5.4. MOCON's Aquatran™ schematic38
5.5. MOCON's OX-TRAN® Model 2/1039
5.6. Silica induced black spots, letters A & B mark black spots with a centralized black dot (silica particle)32
5.7. Black spot formation and growth mechanisms 32
5.8. General Atomics HTO WVTR testing apparatus40
6.1. Leading market drivers 2022
6.2. Total market value of flexible vs. rigid electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier layer area forecasts 2012-2022 in square meters
6.4. Barrier layer market forecasts 2012-2022 in US$ billions
6.5. Size of opportunity
7.1. The iRex iLiad and the Amazon Kindle rigid e-book readers
7.2. E Ink flexible electrophoretic display and color electrophoretic display by SAMSUNG LCD, demonstrated at SID 2008
7.3. Lithium test sample with thin film encapsulation after 24 hrs in the damp heat test at 85°C/85% relative humidity. B. Similar lithium test sample after 200 hrs in the same damp heat test with optimized barrier structure. [42]

To order this report:
Glass_Manufacturing Industry:
Barrier Films for Flexible Electronics: Needs Players & Opportunities 2012-2022

Contact Nicolas: [email protected]
US: (805)-652-2626
Intl: +1 805-652-2626

SOURCE Reportlinker

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
So you think you are a DevOps warrior, huh? Put your money (not really, it’s free) where your metrics are and prove it by taking The Ultimate DevOps Geek Quiz Challenge, sponsored by DevOps Summit. Battle through the set of tough questions created by industry thought leaders to earn your bragging rights and win some cool prizes.
We're entering the post-smartphone era, where wearable gadgets from watches and fitness bands to glasses and health aids will power the next technological revolution. With mass adoption of wearable devices comes a new data ecosystem that must be protected. Wearables open new pathways that facilitate the tracking, sharing and storing of consumers’ personal health, location and daily activity data. Consumers have some idea of the data these devices capture, but most don’t realize how revealing and...
A completely new computing platform is on the horizon. They’re called Microservers by some, ARM Servers by others, and sometimes even ARM-based Servers. No matter what you call them, Microservers will have a huge impact on the data center and on server computing in general. Although few people are familiar with Microservers today, their impact will be felt very soon. This is a new category of computing platform that is available today and is predicted to have triple-digit growth rates for some ...
Governments around the world are adopting Safe Harbor privacy provisions to protect customer data from leaving sovereign territories. Increasingly, global companies are required to create new instances of their server clusters in multiple countries to keep abreast of these new Safe Harbor laws. Is it worth it? In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Adam Rogers, Managing Director of Anexia, Inc., will discuss how to keep your data legal and still stay in business.
SYS-CON Events announced today that MathFreeOn will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MathFreeOn is Software as a Service (SaaS) used in Engineering and Math education. Write scripts and solve math problems online. MathFreeOn provides online courses for beginners or amateurs who have difficulties in writing scripts. In accordance with various mathematical topics, there are more tha...
In past @ThingsExpo presentations, Joseph di Paolantonio has explored how various Internet of Things (IoT) and data management and analytics (DMA) solution spaces will come together as sensor analytics ecosystems. This year, in his session at @ThingsExpo, Joseph di Paolantonio from DataArchon, will be adding the numerous Transportation areas, from autonomous vehicles to “Uber for containers.” While IoT data in any one area of Transportation will have a huge impact in that area, combining sensor...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftNet Solutions will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. SoftNet Solutions specializes in Enterprise Solutions for Hadoop and Big Data. It offers customers the most open, robust, and value-conscious portfolio of solutions, services, and tools for the shortest route to success with Big Data. The unique differentiator is the ability to architect and ...
The best way to leverage your Cloud Expo presence as a sponsor and exhibitor is to plan your news announcements around our events. The press covering Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo will have access to these releases and will amplify your news announcements. More than two dozen Cloud companies either set deals at our shows or have announced their mergers and acquisitions at Cloud Expo. Product announcements during our show provide your company with the most reach through our targeted audiences.
Successful transition from traditional IT to cloud computing requires three key ingredients: an IT architecture that allows companies to extend their internal best practices to the cloud, a cost point that allows economies of scale, and automated processes that manage risk exposure and maintain regulatory compliance with industry regulations (FFIEC, PCI-DSS, HIPAA, FISMA). The unique combination of VMware, the IBM Cloud, and Cloud Raxak, a 2016 Gartner Cool Vendor in IT Automation, provides a co...
More and more brands have jumped on the IoT bandwagon. We have an excess of wearables – activity trackers, smartwatches, smart glasses and sneakers, and more that track seemingly endless datapoints. However, most consumers have no idea what “IoT” means. Creating more wearables that track data shouldn't be the aim of brands; delivering meaningful, tangible relevance to their users should be. We're in a period in which the IoT pendulum is still swinging. Initially, it swung toward "smart for smar...
@ThingsExpo has been named the Top 5 Most Influential Internet of Things Brand by Onalytica in the ‘The Internet of Things Landscape 2015: Top 100 Individuals and Brands.' Onalytica analyzed Twitter conversations around the #IoT debate to uncover the most influential brands and individuals driving the conversation. Onalytica captured data from 56,224 users. The PageRank based methodology they use to extract influencers on a particular topic (tweets mentioning #InternetofThings or #IoT in this ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Niagara Networks will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Niagara Networks offers the highest port-density systems, and the most complete Next-Generation Network Visibility systems including Network Packet Brokers, Bypass Switches, and Network TAPs.
In an era of historic innovation fueled by unprecedented access to data and technology, the low cost and risk of entering new markets has leveled the playing field for business. Today, any ambitious innovator can easily introduce a new application or product that can reinvent business models and transform the client experience. In their Day 2 Keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Mercer Rowe, IBM Vice President of Strategic Alliances, and Raejeanne Skillern, Intel Vice President of Data Center Group and ...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, will discuss the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cemware will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Use MATLAB functions by just visiting website mathfreeon.com. MATLAB compatible, freely usable, online platform services. As of October 2016, 80,000 users from 180 countries are enjoying our platform service.