|By JCN Newswire||
|February 11, 2013 11:50 PM EST||
This record conversion rate demonstrates superb efficiency of Panasonic HIT solar cells to convert sunlight into electricity. The latest figure is 0.8 percentage points higher than the previous record (23.9%) for HIT solar cells, and 0.5 percentage points higher than the previously published record(3) for any monocrystalline silicon-based solar cell of practical size (100 cm2 and above).
Further, achieving this high efficiency at the very thin thickness of 98 micro-m has significant implications in terms of cost reduction as Panasonic continues to improve efficiency of its solar cells while lowering costs, with the aim to set itself apart from other companies in the industry.
- Core technologies behind the record efficiency rating
(1) Reduction in recombination loss
A key feature of HIT solar cells is the lamination of a high-quality amorphous silicon layer onto the surface of the monocrystalline silicon substrate that serves as the power-generating layer. This leads to a reduction in recombination loss(4) within the electrical elements, known as carriers(5). To further enhance this unique property of HIT solar cells, Panasonic has developed a new technology that enables to form on the monocrystalline silicon substrate an amorphous silicon layer of even higher quality while limiting damage to the surface of the substrate. This has enabled a further reduction of recombination losses within the carrier. As a result, the open voltage (Voc)(6) has been improved from 0.748 V to 0.750 V.
(2) Reduction in optical loss
In order to achieve a high electrical current from solar cells, it is necessary to induce the solar rays arriving at the cell surface into the monocrystalline silicon substrate that serves as the power-generating layer with as little losses as possible. This time, using a HIT solar cell, Panasonic has successfully reduced absorption loss of light in the transparent conductive coatings and the amorphous silicon layer covering the monocrystalline silicon substrate. At the same time, shading loss has also been decreased by reducing the surface area of the grid electrode on the cell surface. As a result, density of the short-circuit current (Jsc)(7) has been improved from 38.9 mA/cm2 to 39.5 mA/cm2.
(3) Reduction in resistive loss
In solar cells, the electrical current generated is accumulated within the grid electrode on the cell surface and then delivered outside. This time, Panasonic has succeeded in cutting down resistive loss that occurs when an electric current passes through the grid electrode by improving the grid electrode, including the development of an electrode with a higher aspect ratio(8). As a result, the fill factor (FF)(9) has been improved from 0.822 to 0.832.
Panasonic will focus on applying this newly-developed high-efficiency technology to mass production products, and will continue to develop technologies that improve efficiency, reduce costs, and save resources further.
- Properties of HIT solar cells
-- Open voltage (Voc) 0.750 V
-- Short-circuit current (Isc) [short-circuit current density (Jsc)](7) 4.02 A [39.5 mA/cm2]
-- Fill factor (FF)(9) 0.832
-- Cell transfer efficiency 24.7%
Diagram available at http://panasonic.co.jp/corp/global/news_m.html.
(1) As evaluated by the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
(2) As of February 12, 2013 (Panasonic survey)
(3) As determined from "Solar cell efficiency tables (version 41)" [Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2013; 21:1-11]
(4) Recombination loss refers to a reduction in current and voltage output from the solar cell caused by positive and negative electrical charge (carriers) generated within the solar cell then combining within the solar cell and thus cancelling out.
(5) Carriers are comprised of two types of electrical particles-electrons (negative) and holes (positive). While electrons carry a negative charge, holes are effectively empty shells without electrons and thus carry a positive charge.
(6) Open voltage (Voc) is the maximum voltage generated by the solar cell. Short-circuit current density (Jsc) is calculated by dividing Isc by the surface area of the cell.
(7) Short-circuit current (Isc) is the maximum current generated by the solar cell.
(8) A higher aspect ratio refers to a higher ratio of height to line width within the grid electrode. Since the grid electrode serves to block light entering the cell surface, a higher aspect ratio serves to reduce such losses and to lower resistance within the electrode grid.
(9) Fill factor (FF) is a value calculated by dividing the maximum output of the solar cell by the product of the open voltage and short-circuit voltage.
Panasonic Corporation is a worldwide leader in the development and manufacture of electronic products in three business fields, consumer, components & devices, and solutions. Based in Osaka, Japan, the company recorded consolidated net sales of 7.85 trillion yen for the year ended March 31, 2012. Panasonic's stock is listed on the Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya and New York (NYSE:PC) Stock Exchanges. The company has the vision of becoming the No. 1 Green Innovation Company in the Electronics Industry by the 100th year of its founding in 2018. For more information on Panasonic, its brand and commitment to sustainability, visit the company's website at http://panasonic.net/.
Panasonic Corporation Tokyo Public Relations Office Tel: +81-3-3574-5664 Fax: +81-3-3574-5699
Copyright 2013 JCN Newswire. All rights reserved. www.japancorp.net
IoT offers a value of almost $4 trillion to the manufacturing industry through platforms that can improve margins, optimize operations & drive high performance work teams. By using IoT technologies as a foundation, manufacturing customers are integrating worker safety with manufacturing systems, driving deep collaboration and utilizing analytics to exponentially increased per-unit margins. However, as Benoit Lheureux, the VP for Research at Gartner points out, “IoT project implementers often ...
Sep. 27, 2016 10:45 PM EDT Reads: 3,380
SYS-CON Events announced today that Tintri Inc., a leading producer of VM-aware storage (VAS) for virtualization and cloud environments, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Tintri VM-aware storage is the simplest for virtualized applications and cloud. Organizations including GE, Toyota, United Healthcare, NASA and 6 of the Fortune 15 have said “No to LUNs.” With Tintri they mana...
Sep. 27, 2016 10:45 PM EDT Reads: 2,836
The Jevons Paradox suggests that when technological advances increase efficiency of a resource, it results in an overall increase in consumption. Writing on the increased use of coal as a result of technological improvements, 19th-century economist William Stanley Jevons found that these improvements led to the development of new ways to utilize coal. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Thiele, Chief Strategy Officer for Apcera, will compare the Jevons Paradox to modern-day enterprise IT, e...
Sep. 27, 2016 10:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,172
SYS-CON Events announced today the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp, being held November 1-2, 2016, in conjunction with 19th Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but with hands-on demos and detailed walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of real world use cases prototyped using Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark, and Intel Edison. Y...
Sep. 27, 2016 09:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,958
Complete Internet of Things (IoT) embedded device security is not just about the device but involves the entire product’s identity, data and control integrity, and services traversing the cloud. A device can no longer be looked at as an island; it is a part of a system. In fact, given the cross-domain interactions enabled by IoT it could be a part of many systems. Also, depending on where the device is deployed, for example, in the office building versus a factory floor or oil field, security ha...
Sep. 27, 2016 09:30 PM EDT Reads: 476
Is your aging software platform suffering from technical debt while the market changes and demands new solutions at a faster clip? It’s a bold move, but you might consider walking away from your core platform and starting fresh. ReadyTalk did exactly that. In his General Session at 19th Cloud Expo, Michael Chambliss, Head of Engineering at ReadyTalk, will discuss why and how ReadyTalk diverted from healthy revenue and over a decade of audio conferencing product development to start an innovati...
Sep. 27, 2016 08:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,038
Fifty billion connected devices and still no winning protocols standards. HTTP, WebSockets, MQTT, and CoAP seem to be leading in the IoT protocol race at the moment but many more protocols are getting introduced on a regular basis. Each protocol has its pros and cons depending on the nature of the communications. Does there really need to be only one protocol to rule them all? Of course not. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, walk you through how Oct...
Sep. 27, 2016 08:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,233
SYS-CON Events announced today that Bsquare has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For more than two decades, Bsquare has helped its customers extract business value from a broad array of physical assets by making them intelligent, connecting them, and using the data they generate to optimize business processes.
Sep. 27, 2016 07:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,860
Whether they’re located in a public, private, or hybrid cloud environment, cloud technologies are constantly evolving. While the innovation is exciting, the end mission of delivering business value and rapidly producing incremental product features is paramount. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 19th Cloud Expo, Kiran Chitturi, CTO Architect at Sungard AS, will discuss DevOps culture, its evolution of frameworks and technologies, and how it is achieving maturity. He will also cover various st...
Sep. 27, 2016 06:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,819
Identity is in everything and customers are looking to their providers to ensure the security of their identities, transactions and data. With the increased reliance on cloud-based services, service providers must build security and trust into their offerings, adding value to customers and improving the user experience. Making identity, security and privacy easy for customers provides a unique advantage over the competition.
Sep. 27, 2016 06:30 PM EDT Reads: 3,568
There are several IoTs: the Industrial Internet, Consumer Wearables, Wearables and Healthcare, Supply Chains, and the movement toward Smart Grids, Cities, Regions, and Nations. There are competing communications standards every step of the way, a bewildering array of sensors and devices, and an entire world of competing data analytics platforms. To some this appears to be chaos. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, Bradley Holt, Developer Advocate a...
Sep. 27, 2016 06:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,208
SYS-CON Events announced today that Niagara Networks will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Niagara Networks offers the highest port-density systems, and the most complete Next-Generation Network Visibility systems including Network Packet Brokers, Bypass Switches, and Network TAPs.
Sep. 27, 2016 06:15 PM EDT Reads: 414
SYS-CON Events announced today that Secure Channels will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. The bedrock of Secure Channels Technology is a uniquely modified and enhanced process based on superencipherment. Superencipherment is the process of encrypting an already encrypted message one or more times, either using the same or a different algorithm.
Sep. 27, 2016 06:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,701
If you’re responsible for an application that depends on the data or functionality of various IoT endpoints – either sensors or devices – your brand reputation depends on the security, reliability, and compliance of its many integrated parts. If your application fails to deliver the expected business results, your customers and partners won't care if that failure stems from the code you developed or from a component that you integrated. What can you do to ensure that the endpoints work as expect...
Sep. 27, 2016 05:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,666
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, provided tips on how to be successful in large scale machine learning...
Sep. 27, 2016 05:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,036