Welcome!

News Feed Item

Fujitsu Computer System at the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research of the University of Tokyo Commences Operation

Ability to store and perform high-speed analysis of enormous volume of cosmic ray observations will contribute to advances in astrophysics and particle physics research

Tokyo, Jan 24, 2014 - (JCN Newswire) - Fujitsu today announced that it has completed construction of a new computer system for the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research (ICRR) of the University of Tokyo. This x86 cluster system, forming the backbone for ICRR's research on cosmic rays(1), began operation on January 1, 2014.

The new system will store and analyze observational data on cosmic rays, which include protons, gamma rays, and neutrinos, and will be used for ICRR's various domestic and international joint research projects in astrophysics and particle physics.

The computation server is an x86 cluster comprised of 136 FUJITSU Server PRIMERGY CX250 S2 servers, acting in tandem with a high-speed distributed file system of 33 FUJITSU Storage ETERNUS DX80 S2 units running the FEFS(2) file system for speed, reliability, and scalability.

Integer-math performance of the computation server is rated at 96,426 using the SPECint_rate2006 benchmark(3), about ten times the performance of the previous system. It also boasts a file server capacity of 4.4 petabytes, which is roughly 3.2 times more capacity than the previous system, and has a data-transfer speed of 18 GB/s, an approximately 30-fold improvement.

This Fujitsu system will support the KAGRA Project(4) and contribute to advances in other cutting-edge research in astrophysics and particle physics.

Background

ICRR installed its first x86 cluster system in January 1991 as a collaborative research environment for multiple projects in the field of particle physics and cosmic-ray research, conducted primarily by the University of Tokyo. At locations both in and outside of Japan, ICRR has conducted research on high-energy cosmic rays, high-energy gamma rays, and neutrinos; for example, the Super-Kamiokande(5) Project has discovered neutrino oscillations and the Tibet AS-gamma Experiment used cosmic rays to observe the sun's cosmic-ray shadow(6).

Together with expanding its research in the fields of astrophysics and particle physics, ICRR plans to move forward on new experimental projects, such as the KAGRA project, which aims to detect the gravitational wave for the first time in history, and the ground-based gamma ray observatory, CTA(7), which is designed to help understand galactic and extragalactic very-high energy gamma-ray sources.

To meet the needs of these new projects, ICRR required a new computer system that could keep pace with dramatic growth expected in the volume of observational data and of analyses. It would be essential for the new system to boost analytical performance, have a greater storage capacity and to enhance data input and output performance.

To satisfy these requirements, the new system started with new hardware that has approximately ten times the integer-math performance of its predecessor, enough storage capacity to accommodate roughly six years' worth of observational data in cosmic-ray research, and the FEFS scalable file system to sidestep the bottlenecks created by centralized data I/O loads, all of which result in an efficient environment that enables more accurate research.

System Overview

The new system offers two main functions: as a computation server that handles data analysis, and as a file server that stores observational data.

- Computation server

An x86 cluster of 136 PRIMERGY CX250 S2 servers with up-to-date CPUs results in integer-math performance rated at 96,426 using the SPECint_rate2006 benchmark, an approximately tenfold improvement over its predecessor.

- File server

With 10 FUJITSU Server PRIMERGY RX300 S7 servers and 33 ETERNUS DX80 S2 storage units, the system has 4.4 PB of storage capacity and an 18-GB/s data-transfer speed, giving it roughly 3.2 times the storage capacity of its predecessor and about 30 times the data transfer performance. The FEFS scalable file system includes functions that allow storage capacity and bandwidth to be allocated on a per-user and per-group basis, creating a research environment optimized for multiple research projects. The FEFS file system demonstrated its value in Super-Kamiokande's system in 2011.

Additional components of the system include 12 FUJITSU Server PRIMERGY RX200 S8 servers used as a login environment for 450 ICRR researchers, a FUJITSU Storage ETERNUS NR1000 F3220 storage system with 22 TB for networked storage, 15x86 servers that provide e-mail, web, and other network services, a storage unit, and additional network switches.

Future Prospects

The new system will be used in ICRR's projects both in and outside of Japan, and will help illuminate the mechanisms underlying ultra-high energy phenomena such as where and how high-energy cosmic rays originate and accelerate, through deeper, broader studies of the cosmos. Furthermore, inquiries into the properties of neutrinos and into dark matter particles will lead to even further advances in the study of cosmic rays and particle physics. The world's first gravitational wave detections promise to reveal new aspects of the universe, bringing us closer to testing the theory of general relativity, and to probe the beginning of the universe.

Composition of the New System

ICRR will be the primary user of the new system for multiple research projects.

Comment from Kimihiro Okumura, Associate Professor, ICRR, University of Tokyo

"At ICRR, we expect to begin many new research projects. Accordingly, it is anticipated that there will be a significant increase in observational data. To handle the storage and high-speed processing of this data, we needed to upgrade the performance of our computer system. In particular, our goal was to dramatically increase the speed of data transmission, and for a high-performance, highly reliable storage system that meets these requirements, we employed the Fujitsu FEFS file system. We expect the research groups using the computer system to announce many new observational results in the future that generate new insights into hitherto unknown phenomena relating to the universe and cosmic ray particles."

Notes:

(1) Cosmic rays:Nuclei and elementary particles originating both inside and outside the Milky Way galaxy. Where they were made and how they are accelerated to such high energies is still not understood.
(2) FEFS:A high-speed distributed file system that can be shared over as many as 100,000 nodes.
(3) 96,426 using the SPECint_rate2006 benchmark: The estimated value using SPECint_rate2006 as a benchmark of CPU performance.
(4) KAGRA Project:The Large-Scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope. Selected in 2012 for the Leading-edge Research Infrastructure Program by the Ministry of Education, Sports, Science, Culture, and Technology, facilities for this ICRR project are currently under construction, and due to go into full operation in 2017-2018.
(5) Super-Kamiokande:A facility consisting of a subterranean pool used as a Cherenkov-ray collector located in Kamioka, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.6 Sun's cosmic-ray shadow:A phenomenon in which cosmic rays (high-energy charged particles that move through space) are deflected by the sun's magnetic field.7 Ground-based gamma ray observatory, CTA:A future ground-based gamma-ray observatory planned to come online in 2020 with 10 times the sensitivity of existing gamma-ray telescopes. The sites will be decided in March 2013, and the construction will start in 2015.

About Fujitsu Limited

Fujitsu is the leading Japanese information and communication technology (ICT) company offering a full range of technology products, solutions and services. Approximately 170,000 Fujitsu people support customers in more than 100 countries. We use our experience and the power of ICT to shape the future of society with our customers. Fujitsu Limited (TSE: 6702) reported consolidated revenues of 4.4 trillion yen (US$47 billion) for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013 For more information, please see www.fujitsu.com.



Source: Fujitsu Limited

Contact:
Fujitsu Limited
Public and Investor Relations
www.fujitsu.com/global/news/contacts/
+81-3-3215-5259


Copyright 2014 JCN Newswire. All rights reserved. www.japancorp.net

More Stories By JCN Newswire

Copyright 2008 JCN Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of JCN Newswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of JCN Newswire. JCN Newswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
Almost two-thirds of companies either have or soon will have IoT as the backbone of their business in 2016. However, IoT is far more complex than most firms expected. How can you not get trapped in the pitfalls? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan, a renowned visionary and thought leader, will introduce a holistic method of IoTification, which is the process of IoTifying the existing technology and business models to adopt and leverage IoT. He will drill down to the components in this fra...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Pulzze Systems will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Pulzze Systems, Inc. provides infrastructure products for the Internet of Things to enable any connected device and system to carry out matched operations without programming. For more information, visit http://www.pulzzesystems.com.
I'm a lonely sensor. I spend all day telling the world how I'm feeling, but none of the other sensors seem to care. I want to be connected. I want to build relationships with other sensors to be more useful for my human. I want my human to understand that when my friends next door are too hot for a while, I'll soon be flaming. And when all my friends go outside without me, I may be left behind. Don't just log my data; use the relationship graph. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ryan Boyd, Engi...
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace.
In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Lee Atchison, Principal Cloud Architect and Advocate at New Relic, discussed cloud as a ‘better data center’ and how it adds new capacity (faster) and improves application availability (redundancy). The cloud is a ‘Dynamic Tool for Dynamic Apps’ and resource allocation is an integral part of your application architecture, so use only the resources you need and allocate /de-allocate resources on the fly.
Using new techniques of information modeling, indexing, and processing, new cloud-based systems can support cloud-based workloads previously not possible for high-throughput insurance, banking, and case-based applications. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, John Newton, CTO, Founder and Chairman of Alfresco, described how to scale cloud-based content management repositories to store, manage, and retrieve billions of documents and related information with fast and linear scalability. He addres...
From wearable activity trackers to fantasy e-sports, data and technology are transforming the way athletes train for the game and fans engage with their teams. In his session at @ThingsExpo, will present key data findings from leading sports organizations San Francisco 49ers, Orlando Magic NBA team. By utilizing data analytics these sports orgs have recognized new revenue streams, doubled its fan base and streamlined costs at its stadiums. John Paul is the CEO and Founder of VenueNext. Prior ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Numerex Corp, a leading provider of managed enterprise solutions enabling the Internet of Things (IoT), will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Numerex Corp. (NASDAQ:NMRX) is a leading provider of managed enterprise solutions enabling the Internet of Things (IoT). The Company's solutions produce new revenue streams or create operating...
WebRTC adoption has generated a wave of creative uses of communications and collaboration through websites, sales apps, customer care and business applications. As WebRTC has become more mainstream it has evolved to use cases beyond the original peer-to-peer case, which has led to a repeating requirement for interoperability with existing infrastructures. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Graham Holt, Executive Vice President of Daitan Group, will cover implementation examples that have enabled ea...
Kubernetes is a new and revolutionary open-sourced system for managing containers across multiple hosts in a cluster. Ansible is a simple IT automation tool for just about any requirement for reproducible environments. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 18th Cloud Expo, Patrick Galbraith, a principal engineer at HPE, discussed how to build a fully functional Kubernetes cluster on a number of virtual machines or bare-metal hosts. Also included will be a brief demonstration of running a Galera M...
IoT offers a value of almost $4 trillion to the manufacturing industry through platforms that can improve margins, optimize operations & drive high performance work teams. By using IoT technologies as a foundation, manufacturing customers are integrating worker safety with manufacturing systems, driving deep collaboration and utilizing analytics to exponentially increased per-unit margins. However, as Benoit Lheureux, the VP for Research at Gartner points out, “IoT project implementers often ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Tintri Inc., a leading producer of VM-aware storage (VAS) for virtualization and cloud environments, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Tintri VM-aware storage is the simplest for virtualized applications and cloud. Organizations including GE, Toyota, United Healthcare, NASA and 6 of the Fortune 15 have said “No to LUNs.” With Tintri they mana...
The Jevons Paradox suggests that when technological advances increase efficiency of a resource, it results in an overall increase in consumption. Writing on the increased use of coal as a result of technological improvements, 19th-century economist William Stanley Jevons found that these improvements led to the development of new ways to utilize coal. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Thiele, Chief Strategy Officer for Apcera, will compare the Jevons Paradox to modern-day enterprise IT, e...
SYS-CON Events announced today the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp, being held November 1-2, 2016, in conjunction with 19th Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but with hands-on demos and detailed walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of real world use cases prototyped using Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark, and Intel Edison. Y...