Welcome!

News Feed Item

Fujitsu Computer System at the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research of the University of Tokyo Commences Operation

Ability to store and perform high-speed analysis of enormous volume of cosmic ray observations will contribute to advances in astrophysics and particle physics research

Tokyo, Jan 24, 2014 - (JCN Newswire) - Fujitsu today announced that it has completed construction of a new computer system for the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research (ICRR) of the University of Tokyo. This x86 cluster system, forming the backbone for ICRR's research on cosmic rays(1), began operation on January 1, 2014.

The new system will store and analyze observational data on cosmic rays, which include protons, gamma rays, and neutrinos, and will be used for ICRR's various domestic and international joint research projects in astrophysics and particle physics.

The computation server is an x86 cluster comprised of 136 FUJITSU Server PRIMERGY CX250 S2 servers, acting in tandem with a high-speed distributed file system of 33 FUJITSU Storage ETERNUS DX80 S2 units running the FEFS(2) file system for speed, reliability, and scalability.

Integer-math performance of the computation server is rated at 96,426 using the SPECint_rate2006 benchmark(3), about ten times the performance of the previous system. It also boasts a file server capacity of 4.4 petabytes, which is roughly 3.2 times more capacity than the previous system, and has a data-transfer speed of 18 GB/s, an approximately 30-fold improvement.

This Fujitsu system will support the KAGRA Project(4) and contribute to advances in other cutting-edge research in astrophysics and particle physics.

Background

ICRR installed its first x86 cluster system in January 1991 as a collaborative research environment for multiple projects in the field of particle physics and cosmic-ray research, conducted primarily by the University of Tokyo. At locations both in and outside of Japan, ICRR has conducted research on high-energy cosmic rays, high-energy gamma rays, and neutrinos; for example, the Super-Kamiokande(5) Project has discovered neutrino oscillations and the Tibet AS-gamma Experiment used cosmic rays to observe the sun's cosmic-ray shadow(6).

Together with expanding its research in the fields of astrophysics and particle physics, ICRR plans to move forward on new experimental projects, such as the KAGRA project, which aims to detect the gravitational wave for the first time in history, and the ground-based gamma ray observatory, CTA(7), which is designed to help understand galactic and extragalactic very-high energy gamma-ray sources.

To meet the needs of these new projects, ICRR required a new computer system that could keep pace with dramatic growth expected in the volume of observational data and of analyses. It would be essential for the new system to boost analytical performance, have a greater storage capacity and to enhance data input and output performance.

To satisfy these requirements, the new system started with new hardware that has approximately ten times the integer-math performance of its predecessor, enough storage capacity to accommodate roughly six years' worth of observational data in cosmic-ray research, and the FEFS scalable file system to sidestep the bottlenecks created by centralized data I/O loads, all of which result in an efficient environment that enables more accurate research.

System Overview

The new system offers two main functions: as a computation server that handles data analysis, and as a file server that stores observational data.

- Computation server

An x86 cluster of 136 PRIMERGY CX250 S2 servers with up-to-date CPUs results in integer-math performance rated at 96,426 using the SPECint_rate2006 benchmark, an approximately tenfold improvement over its predecessor.

- File server

With 10 FUJITSU Server PRIMERGY RX300 S7 servers and 33 ETERNUS DX80 S2 storage units, the system has 4.4 PB of storage capacity and an 18-GB/s data-transfer speed, giving it roughly 3.2 times the storage capacity of its predecessor and about 30 times the data transfer performance. The FEFS scalable file system includes functions that allow storage capacity and bandwidth to be allocated on a per-user and per-group basis, creating a research environment optimized for multiple research projects. The FEFS file system demonstrated its value in Super-Kamiokande's system in 2011.

Additional components of the system include 12 FUJITSU Server PRIMERGY RX200 S8 servers used as a login environment for 450 ICRR researchers, a FUJITSU Storage ETERNUS NR1000 F3220 storage system with 22 TB for networked storage, 15x86 servers that provide e-mail, web, and other network services, a storage unit, and additional network switches.

Future Prospects

The new system will be used in ICRR's projects both in and outside of Japan, and will help illuminate the mechanisms underlying ultra-high energy phenomena such as where and how high-energy cosmic rays originate and accelerate, through deeper, broader studies of the cosmos. Furthermore, inquiries into the properties of neutrinos and into dark matter particles will lead to even further advances in the study of cosmic rays and particle physics. The world's first gravitational wave detections promise to reveal new aspects of the universe, bringing us closer to testing the theory of general relativity, and to probe the beginning of the universe.

Composition of the New System

ICRR will be the primary user of the new system for multiple research projects.

Comment from Kimihiro Okumura, Associate Professor, ICRR, University of Tokyo

"At ICRR, we expect to begin many new research projects. Accordingly, it is anticipated that there will be a significant increase in observational data. To handle the storage and high-speed processing of this data, we needed to upgrade the performance of our computer system. In particular, our goal was to dramatically increase the speed of data transmission, and for a high-performance, highly reliable storage system that meets these requirements, we employed the Fujitsu FEFS file system. We expect the research groups using the computer system to announce many new observational results in the future that generate new insights into hitherto unknown phenomena relating to the universe and cosmic ray particles."

Notes:

(1) Cosmic rays:Nuclei and elementary particles originating both inside and outside the Milky Way galaxy. Where they were made and how they are accelerated to such high energies is still not understood.
(2) FEFS:A high-speed distributed file system that can be shared over as many as 100,000 nodes.
(3) 96,426 using the SPECint_rate2006 benchmark: The estimated value using SPECint_rate2006 as a benchmark of CPU performance.
(4) KAGRA Project:The Large-Scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope. Selected in 2012 for the Leading-edge Research Infrastructure Program by the Ministry of Education, Sports, Science, Culture, and Technology, facilities for this ICRR project are currently under construction, and due to go into full operation in 2017-2018.
(5) Super-Kamiokande:A facility consisting of a subterranean pool used as a Cherenkov-ray collector located in Kamioka, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.6 Sun's cosmic-ray shadow:A phenomenon in which cosmic rays (high-energy charged particles that move through space) are deflected by the sun's magnetic field.7 Ground-based gamma ray observatory, CTA:A future ground-based gamma-ray observatory planned to come online in 2020 with 10 times the sensitivity of existing gamma-ray telescopes. The sites will be decided in March 2013, and the construction will start in 2015.

About Fujitsu Limited

Fujitsu is the leading Japanese information and communication technology (ICT) company offering a full range of technology products, solutions and services. Approximately 170,000 Fujitsu people support customers in more than 100 countries. We use our experience and the power of ICT to shape the future of society with our customers. Fujitsu Limited (TSE: 6702) reported consolidated revenues of 4.4 trillion yen (US$47 billion) for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013 For more information, please see www.fujitsu.com.



Source: Fujitsu Limited

Contact:
Fujitsu Limited
Public and Investor Relations
www.fujitsu.com/global/news/contacts/
+81-3-3215-5259


Copyright 2014 JCN Newswire. All rights reserved. www.japancorp.net

More Stories By JCN Newswire

Copyright 2008 JCN Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of JCN Newswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of JCN Newswire. JCN Newswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
@DevOpsSummit taking place June 6-8, 2017 at Javits Center, New York City, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. @DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo New York Call for Papers is now open.
Predictive analytics tools monitor, report, and troubleshoot in order to make proactive decisions about the health, performance, and utilization of storage. Most enterprises combine cloud and on-premise storage, resulting in blended environments of physical, virtual, cloud, and other platforms, which justifies more sophisticated storage analytics. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Peter McCallum, Vice President of Datacenter Solutions at FalconStor, discussed using predictive analytics to mon...
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
@GonzalezCarmen has been ranked the Number One Influencer and @ThingsExpo has been named the Number One Brand in the “M2M 2016: Top 100 Influencers and Brands” by Onalytica. Onalytica analyzed tweets over the last 6 months mentioning the keywords M2M OR “Machine to Machine.” They then identified the top 100 most influential brands and individuals leading the discussion on Twitter.
"We are an all-flash array storage provider but our focus has been on VM-aware storage specifically for virtualized applications," stated Dhiraj Sehgal of Tintri in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 19th Cloud Expo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
As data explodes in quantity, importance and from new sources, the need for managing and protecting data residing across physical, virtual, and cloud environments grow with it. Managing data includes protecting it, indexing and classifying it for true, long-term management, compliance and E-Discovery. Commvault can ensure this with a single pane of glass solution – whether in a private cloud, a Service Provider delivered public cloud or a hybrid cloud environment – across the heterogeneous enter...
In IT, we sometimes coin terms for things before we know exactly what they are and how they’ll be used. The resulting terms may capture a common set of aspirations and goals – as “cloud” did broadly for on-demand, self-service, and flexible computing. But such a term can also lump together diverse and even competing practices, technologies, and priorities to the point where important distinctions are glossed over and lost.
All clouds are not equal. To succeed in a DevOps context, organizations should plan to develop/deploy apps across a choice of on-premise and public clouds simultaneously depending on the business needs. This is where the concept of the Lean Cloud comes in - resting on the idea that you often need to relocate your app modules over their life cycles for both innovation and operational efficiency in the cloud. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at19th Cloud Expo, Valentin (Val) Bercovici, CTO of Soli...
"We're a cybersecurity firm that specializes in engineering security solutions both at the software and hardware level. Security cannot be an after-the-fact afterthought, which is what it's become," stated Richard Blech, Chief Executive Officer at Secure Channels, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"IoT is going to be a huge industry with a lot of value for end users, for industries, for consumers, for manufacturers. How can we use cloud to effectively manage IoT applications," stated Ian Khan, Innovation & Marketing Manager at Solgeniakhela, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Information technology is an industry that has always experienced change, and the dramatic change sweeping across the industry today could not be truthfully described as the first time we've seen such widespread change impacting customer investments. However, the rate of the change, and the potential outcomes from today's digital transformation has the distinct potential to separate the industry into two camps: Organizations that see the change coming, embrace it, and successful leverage it; and...
Join Impiger for their featured webinar: ‘Cloud Computing: A Roadmap to Modern Software Delivery’ on November 10, 2016, at 12:00 pm CST. Very few companies have not experienced some impact to their IT delivery due to the evolution of cloud computing. This webinar is not about deciding whether you should entertain moving some or all of your IT to the cloud, but rather, a detailed look under the hood to help IT professionals understand how cloud adoption has evolved and what trends will impact th...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, discussed the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
We are always online. We access our data, our finances, work, and various services on the Internet. But we live in a congested world of information in which the roads were built two decades ago. The quest for better, faster Internet routing has been around for a decade, but nobody solved this problem. We’ve seen band-aid approaches like CDNs that attack a niche's slice of static content part of the Internet, but that’s it. It does not address the dynamic services-based Internet of today. It does...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. @ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.