Welcome!

News Feed Item

Historic Peace Deal Ends Five-Decade Conflict in the Philippines

LONDON and KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia, January 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ --

Mindanao peace process becomes a reference for peacemaking

After 16 years of negotiations the Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) have completed the negotiations for a Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) that settles one of the most protracted armed conflicts in the world. This is the most significant peace agreement since the Nepal agreement in 2006.

The 43rd round of talks held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 22 - 25 January, dealt with a return to normalisation - the fourth and last annex of the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro, which both sides signed in October 2012. This annex focuses on the security arrangements in the Bangsamoro, the self-governing entity that will result from the peace negotiations.  

With the facilitation of the Government of Malaysia and the support of the International Contact Group - of which Conciliation Resources and the UK Government are members - over the past year the parties signed the annexes on power sharing, transitional arrangements and wealth sharing.

In a majority Christian and highly centralised country, Muslims in the southern island of Mindanao - who call themselves Bangsamoro - have been waging an armed struggle for self-determination since 1968. In its early years the conflict caused more than 100,000 deaths. As recently as 2008 more than 500,000 people were displaced when the peace negotiations hit a serious stumbling block.

"This agreement brings a closure to a conflict that is rooted in centuries old resistance against colonisation and assimilation. The Government and MILF are proving that unity in diversity is not only possible, but a cornerstone for a healthy democracy." - Kristian Herbolzheimer, Philippines Programme Director at Conciliation Resources

Empowerment of the Bangsamoro people

Parties have agreed to jointly pursue measures to increase the Bangsamoro's revenue generation and wealth creation capacity "to attain the highest form of fiscal autonomy". The central government will provide a yearly block grant and will create a special fund to fast-track development in what today is one of the poorest regions in the Philippines. The Bangsamoro will enjoy increased taxation powers; they will further have a share of 75% of revenues from metallic minerals and 50% from fossil fuels extracted within its territory.

In terms of power-sharing, central Government retains powers like defense, foreign policy, immigration and global trade. The Bangsamoro will manage 58 exclusive powers within its territorial jurisdiction including investment, employment, agriculture, land management, free ports, tourism, power generation, shari'ah and customary justice, education, health, social services public works, and local administration. Social security and pensions, human rights, justice, civil service, coastguard, and public order will be shared responsibilities between both administrations.

Future challenges

Despite this landmark achievement challenges remain immense. The Bangsamoro entity will govern a plural society composed of 16 ethno-linguistic Muslim groups, 13 indigenous groups and a minority Christian population. Tensions between and among these groups are frequent, especially related to land disputes. Breakaway groups, private armies, and proliferation of weapons pose additional security threats.

Conciliation Resources is coordinating a project to promote public participation in the implementation of the peace agreement. Together with 10 local partners, and funded by the EU, Norway and the UK, the project will increase local capacities and ownership in drafting the Basic Law, deploying the new police force, and ensuring the rights of victims to truth, justice and reparation.

"The more inclusive, the more legitimate; and the more legitimate, the more sustainable the peace process will be".

Kristian Herbolzheimer, Philippines Programme Director at Conciliation Resources

Notes to editors: Conciliation Resources is an independent organisation working with people in conflict to prevent violence and build peace. In the Philippines, we work with all sections of society from grassroots communities to the political elite, enabling individuals and organisations to play a constructive, problem-solving role in developing peace. We place special emphasis on empowering women as a key approach for just a lasting peace. http://www.c-r.org


For interviews with Kristian Herbolzheimer, Philippines Programme Director or Emma Leslie, Philippines Programme Associate please contact:

Tamanna Kalhar | Media & Communications Officer | Mobile: +44(0)7436-102-514 | [email protected]

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
Enterprise IT has been in the era of Hybrid Cloud for some time now. But it seems most conversations about Hybrid are focused on integrating AWS, Microsoft Azure, or Google ECM into existing on-premises systems. Where is all the Private Cloud? What do technology providers need to do to make their offerings more compelling? How should enterprise IT executives and buyers define their focus, needs, and roadmap, and communicate that clearly to the providers?
Complete Internet of Things (IoT) embedded device security is not just about the device but involves the entire product’s identity, data and control integrity, and services traversing the cloud. A device can no longer be looked at as an island; it is a part of a system. In fact, given the cross-domain interactions enabled by IoT it could be a part of many systems. Also, depending on where the device is deployed, for example, in the office building versus a factory floor or oil field, security ha...
More and more companies are looking to microservices as an architectural pattern for breaking apart applications into more manageable pieces so that agile teams can deliver new features quicker and more effectively. What this pattern has done more than anything to date is spark organizational transformations, setting the foundation for future application development. In practice, however, there are a number of considerations to make that go beyond simply “build, ship, and run,” which changes ho...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Niagara Networks will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Niagara Networks offers the highest port-density systems, and the most complete Next-Generation Network Visibility systems including Network Packet Brokers, Bypass Switches, and Network TAPs.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Commvault, a global leader in enterprise data protection and information management, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Commvault is a leading provider of data protection and information management solutions, helping companies worldwide activate their data to drive more value and business insight and to transform moder...
SYS-CON Events announced today that eCube Systems, a leading provider of middleware modernization, integration, and management solutions, will exhibit at @DevOpsSummit at 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. eCube Systems offers a family of middleware evolution products and services that maximize return on technology investment by leveraging existing technical equity to meet evolving business needs. ...
Using new techniques of information modeling, indexing, and processing, new cloud-based systems can support cloud-based workloads previously not possible for high-throughput insurance, banking, and case-based applications. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, John Newton, CTO, Founder and Chairman of Alfresco, described how to scale cloud-based content management repositories to store, manage, and retrieve billions of documents and related information with fast and linear scalability. He addres...
The many IoT deployments around the world are busy integrating smart devices and sensors into their enterprise IT infrastructures. Yet all of this technology – and there are an amazing number of choices – is of no use without the software to gather, communicate, and analyze the new data flows. Without software, there is no IT. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists will look at the protocols that communicate data and the emerging data analy...
Fifty billion connected devices and still no winning protocols standards. HTTP, WebSockets, MQTT, and CoAP seem to be leading in the IoT protocol race at the moment but many more protocols are getting introduced on a regular basis. Each protocol has its pros and cons depending on the nature of the communications. Does there really need to be only one protocol to rule them all? Of course not. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, walk you through how Oct...
We’ve been doing it for years, decades for some. How many websites have you created accounts on? Your bank, your credit card companies, social media sites, hotels and travel sites, online shopping sites, and that’s just the start. We do it often without even thinking about it, quickly entering our personal information, our data, in a plethora of systems. Sometimes we’re not even aware of the information we are providing. It could be very personal information (think of the security questions you ...
Digital innovation is the next big wave of business transformation based on digital technologies of which IoT and Big Data are key components, For example: Business boundary innovation is a challenge to excavate third-party business value using IoT and BigData, like Nest Business structure innovation may propose re-building business structure from scratch, as Uber does in the taxicab industry The social model innovation is also a big challenge to the new social architecture with the design fr...
Is your aging software platform suffering from technical debt while the market changes and demands new solutions at a faster clip? It’s a bold move, but you might consider walking away from your core platform and starting fresh. ReadyTalk did exactly that. In his General Session at 19th Cloud Expo, Michael Chambliss, Head of Engineering at ReadyTalk, will discuss why and how ReadyTalk diverted from healthy revenue and over a decade of audio conferencing product development to start an innovati...
All clouds are not equal. To succeed in a DevOps context, organizations should plan to develop/deploy apps across a choice of on-premise and public clouds simultaneously depending on the business needs. This is where the concept of the Lean Cloud comes in - resting on the idea that you often need to relocate your app modules over their life cycles for both innovation and operational efficiency in the cloud. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at19th Cloud Expo, Valentin (Val) Bercovici, CTO of So...
Data is an unusual currency; it is not restricted by the same transactional limitations as money or people. In fact, the more that you leverage your data across multiple business use cases, the more valuable it becomes to the organization. And the same can be said about the organization’s analytics. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Bill Schmarzo, CTO for the Big Data Practice at EMC, will introduce a methodology for capturing, enriching and sharing data (and analytics) across the organizati...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Tintri Inc., a leading producer of VM-aware storage (VAS) for virtualization and cloud environments, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Tintri VM-aware storage is the simplest for virtualized applications and cloud. Organizations including GE, Toyota, United Healthcare, NASA and 6 of the Fortune 15 have said “No to LUNs.” With Tintri they mana...