News Feed Item

ARC Resources Ltd. announces sixth consecutive year of 200 per cent or greater produced reserves replacement in 2013

CALGARY, Feb. 5, 2014 /CNW/ - (ARX - TSX) ARC Resources Ltd. ("ARC") released today its 2013 year-end reserves and resources information.

"I am really pleased with our team's performance again this year.  We added significant reserves at a low finding cost through the drill bit and continued to convert our large reserve and resource base into production and cash flow," stated Myron Stadnyk, President and CEO.


  • Replaced approximately 200 per cent of 2013 total production, adding 68.4 mmboe of proved plus probable ("2P") reserves.

  • 2P reserves increased four per cent to 634 mmboe, comprised of 2.6 Tcf of natural gas and 194 mmbbls of crude oil and natural gas liquids ("NGL's") at year-end 2013.

  • Replaced 180 per cent of 2013 crude oil and NGL's production, adding 25 mmbbls of 2P crude oil and NGL's reserves.  ARC's crude oil and liquids development resulted in a four per cent increase in 2P crude oil and NGL's reserves from 186 mmbbls to 194 mmbbls.

  • Finding and Development costs ("F&D") of $12.79 per boe for 2P reserves and $17.45 per boe for proved reserves excluding changes in Future Development Capital ("FDC"). ARC's three year average F&D costs for 2P reserves were $8.24 per boe, excluding changes in FDC.  ARC's 2013 capital development program focused significantly on oil and liquids development which typically carries higher finding and development costs, while yielding higher returns given the current commodity price environment.

  • ARC's 2P RLI has decreased to 15.5 years from 17.5 years and the Future Development Cost to develop our reserves has declined to $3.3 billion from $3.4 billion at year-end 2012. Both are the result of significant capital being spent in 2013, which is expected to increase production to a range of approximately 110,000 to 114,000 boe per day in 2014. The reduction in FDC is also partially attributable to capital efficiencies recognized through pad drilling and longer horizontal wells.

  • Including changes in FDC, ARC's 2P F&D was $11.47 for 2013 and $12.01 for the trailing three year average. Proved F&D including changes in FDC, was $18.11 for 2013 and averaged $17.42 for the three year average.

  • Recycle ratio of 2.2 times and 3.3 times for the current year and three year average, respectively, for 2P reserves based on current and three year average F&D costs, before changes in FDC, and based on 2013 and three year average netbacks of $28.57 per boe and $27.24 per boe, respectively.

  • ARC updated an Independent Resources Evaluation ("Resources Evaluation" or "Independent Resources Evaluation") for its Montney lands in the northeast British Columbia ("NE B.C.") Montney region.  The updated evaluation reaffirmed the significant resource base on ARC's NE B.C. Montney lands of 55.1 Tcf of natural gas resource (10 per cent increase relative to 50.1 Tcf in 2012) and 2.2 billion barrels of oil resource (50 per cent increase relative to the 1.5 billion barrels in 2012).


GLJ conducted an independent reserves evaluation effective December 31, 2013 and prepared in accordance with definitions, standards and procedures contained in the Canadian Oil and Gas Evaluation Handbook ("COGE Handbook") and NI 51-101.  The reserves evaluation was based on GLJ forecast pricing and foreign exchange rates at January 1, 2014 as outlined in Table 1 below.

Reserves included herein are stated on a company gross basis (working interest before deduction of royalties without including any royalty interests) unless noted otherwise. All reserves information has been prepared in accordance with National Instrument ("NI") 51-101. This news release contains several cautionary statements that are specifically required by NI 51-101 under the heading "Information Regarding Disclosure on Oil and Gas Reserves, Resources and Operational Information". In addition to the detailed information disclosed in this news release more detailed information will be included in ARC's Annual Information Form ("AIF").

Based on this independent reserves evaluation, ARC's reserve profile as at December 31, 2013 is summarized below:

  • ARC's year-end 2013 2P reserves increased four per cent to 634 mmboe compared to 607 mmboe of 2P reserves recorded at year-end 2012
  • 2P reserve additions from exploration and development activities (including revisions) were 68.4 mmboe while 6.7 mmboe was divested (net of minor acquisitions), bringing the total additions to 61.7 mmboe before 2013 production of 34.8 mmboe
  • The 68.4 mmboe 2P reserves additions from development activities represents approximately 200 per cent of the 34.8 mmboe produced during 2013
  • Proved developed producing reserves represent 56 per cent of total proved reserves and 33 per cent of 2P reserves
  • Total proved reserves account for 59 per cent of 2P reserves
  • Crude oil and NGL's comprise 31 per cent of 2P reserves and natural gas comprises 69 per cent of 2P reserves on a 6:1 boe conversion basis
  • Positive technical revisions of 21 mmboe mainly from the Sunrise, Dawson, Pembina, and Redwater fields illustrate the strength of ARC's asset base

Table 1        
GLJ January 1, 2014
Price Forecast
West Texas
Crude Oil
Crude Oil
Natural Gas
Foreign Exchange
2014 97.50 92.76 4.03 0.95
2015 97.50 97.37 4.26 0.95
2016 97.50 100.00 4.50 0.95
2017 97.50 100.00 4.74 0.95
2018 97.50 100.00 4.97 0.95
2019 97.50 100.00 5.21 0.95
2020 98.54 100.77 5.33 0.95
2021 100.51 102.78 5.44 0.95
2022 102.52 104.83 5.55 0.95
2023 104.57 106.93 5.66 0.95
Escalate thereafter at +2.0%/yr +2.0%/yr +2.0%/yr 0.95

Table 2
Crude Oil
Crude Oil
Crude Oil
Gas (Bcf)
Company Gross              
Proved Producing 88,620 1,503 90,123 11,074 644 208,454 201,019
Proved Developed Non-producing 2,584 78 2,662 847 23 7,383 12,044
Proved Undeveloped 17,690 105 17,795 9,462 785 158,139 150,841
Total Proved 108,894 1,686 110,580 21,383 1,452 373,976 363,904
Proved plus Probable 153,028 2,154 155,182 38,882 2,639 633,864 606,982

Table 3
    Light and
Medium Crude
Oil (mbbl)
  Heavy Crude
Oil (mbbl)
  Total Crude
Oil (mbbl)
  Natural Gas
PROVED PRODUCING                      
Opening Balance 88,539   1,739   90,278   9,578   606,975   201,019
  Exploration Discoveries 0   0   0   1   30   6
  Extensions and Improved Recovery(1) 10,510   94   10,604   2,714   122,657   33,761
  Technical Revisions 2,462   -88   2,374   1,353   60,204   13,761
  Acquisitions 58   0   58   4   77   75
  Dispositions -1,381   -11   -1,392   -744   -19,045   -5,310
  Economic Factors -6   -11   -17   7   -564   -104
  Production -11,562   -220   -11,782   -1,839   -126,795   -34,754
Closing Balance 88,620   1,503   90,123   11,074   643,539   208,453
TOTAL PROVED                      
Opening Balance 105,255   1,739   106,994   20,214   1,420,174   363,904
  Exploration Discoveries 0   0   0   0   0   0
  Extensions and Improved Recovery (1) 14,009   277   14,286   2,678   88,094   31,646
  Technical Revisions 2,421   -88   2,333   1,084   94,552   19,176
  Acquisitions 58   0   58   4   77   75
  Dispositions -1,409   -11   -1,420   -752   -19,101   -5,356
  Economic Factors 122   -11   111   -6   -4,921   -715
  Production -11,562   -220   -11,782   -1,839   -126,795   -34,754
Closing Balance 108,894   1,686   110,580   21,383   1,452,079   373,976
PROVED PLUS PROBABLE                      
Opening Balance 146,442   2,256   148,698   36,850   2,528,603   606,982
  Exploration Discoveries 0   0   0   0   0   0
  Extensions and Improved Recovery(1) 18,373   99   18,472   4,755   145,069   47,405
  Technical Revisions 1,436   47   1,483   107   118,498   21,340
  Acquisitions 85   0   85   5   89   105
  Dispositions -1,773   -15   -1,788   -985   -24,293   -6,822
  Economic Factors 27   -13   14   -10   -2,372   -391
  Production -11,562   -220   -11,782   -1,839   -126,795   -34,754
Closing Balance 153,028   2,154   155,182   38,882   2,638,799   633,864

(1)   Reserves additions for Infill Drilling, Improved Recovery and Extensions are combined and reported as "Extensions and Improved Recovery".



ARC's 2P RLI was 15.5 years at year-end 2013 while the proved RLI was 9.1 years based upon the GLJ reserves and ARC's 2014 production guidance mid-point of 112,000 boe per day. The increase in the 2P RLI from 2009 through 2012 was attributed to the successful development of the Montney region and the resultant growth in 2P reserves.  Along with the 2P reserves growth, ARC's annual average production increased from 63,538 boe per day in 2009 to 96,087 boe per day in 2013.  ARC expects significant year-over-year production growth based on estimated 2014 production of 110,000 to 114,000 boe per day.  The decrease in the RLI at year-end 2013 is due to the expected increase in 2014 production, resulting from the development capital spent in 2013 to bring on new production at Parkland, Tower and Sunrise. The following table summarizes ARC's historical RLI.

Table 4                              
Reserve Life Index     2013(1)     2012     2011     2010     2009
Total Proved     9.1     10.5     10.7     10.4     10.3
Proved Plus Probable     15.5     17.5     17.0     15.1     14.4

(1)     Based on 2014 production guidance midpoint of 112,000 boe per day.


ARC's crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids reserves were evaluated using GLJ's commodity price forecasts effective January 1, 2014.  The NPV is prior to provision for interest, debt service charges and general and administrative expenses. It should not be assumed that the NPV of Cash Flow estimated by GLJ represents the fair market value of the reserves.  NPVs on both a before and after tax basis are presented below.

Table 5          
NPV of Cash Flow (1) Undiscounted
at 5%
at 10%
at 15%
at 20%
Before Tax          
Proved Producing 6,368 4,600 3,651 3,057 2,650
Proved Developed Non-Producing 249 171 129 103 86
Proved Undeveloped 2,824 1,633 1,009 641 407
Total Proved 9,441 6,405 4,789 3,802 3,142
Probable 7,061 3,630 2,229 1,522 1,113
Proved plus Probable 16,501 10,034 7,018 5,324 4,255
After Tax (2)(3)          
Proved Producing 5,357 3,917 3,134 2,641 2,299
Proved Developed Non-Producing 186 127 95 75 61
Proved Undeveloped 2,117 1,179 684 392 206
Total Proved 7,660 5,223 3,913 3,107 2,566
Probable 5,294 2,691 1,624 1,087 777
Proved plus Probable 12,954 7,913 5,538 4,194 3,343

(1) Based on NI-51-101 Net Interest reserves and GLJ January 1, 2014 Forecast Prices and Costs.
(2) Based on ARC's estimated tax pools at year-end 2013.
(3) The after-tax net present value of ARC's oil and gas properties here reflects the tax burden on the properties on a stand-alone basis.  It does not consider the business-entity-level tax situation, or tax planning.  It does not provide an estimate of the value at the level of the business entity, which may be significantly different.  ARC's Audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Management's Discussion & Analysis should be consulted for information at the business entity level.

At a 10 per cent discount factor, and on a before tax basis, proved producing reserves constitute 52 per cent of the 2P estimated value while total proved reserves account for 68 per cent of the 2P estimated value.


NI 51-101 requires that F&D costs be calculated including changes in FDC. Changes in forecast FDC occur annually as a result of development activities, acquisition and disposition activities and capital cost estimates that reflect the independent evaluator's best estimate of what it will cost to bring the proved undeveloped and probable reserves on production.  Future development capital declined slightly to $3.3 billion at year-end 2013 relative to $3.4 billion at year end 2012.  The increase in FDC from reserve-adding capital in 2013 was offset by lower well costs in certain fields resulting from capital efficiencies gained with the application of multi-well pad development, and a decrease in future drilling locations in certain fields.  The decrease in future drilling locations was the result of changes to the development plans for certain fields whereby longer horizontal laterals are planned, resulting in larger reserves per well and requiring fewer wells to access the reserves.

Following is a summary of GLJ estimated FDC required to bring total proved and probable reserves on production.

Table 6
Future Development Capital (1)
$ Millions
    Total Proved     Total Proved +
2014     630     772
2015     538     769
2016     308     621
2017     248     438
2018     174     212
Remainder     111     491
Total FDC undiscounted     2,009     3,303
Total FDC discounted at 10%     1,645     2,588

(1)     FDC as per GLJ independent reserve evaluation as of December 31, 2013 and based on GLJ forecast pricing as at January 1, 2014.


ARC's F&D costs were $12.79 per boe and $17.45 per boe for 2P and proved reserves, respectively in 2013, before changes in FDC ($11.47 per boe and $18.11 per boe, respectively, for 2P and proved reserves, including changes in FDC).  ARC's three year average F&D costs were $8.24 per boe for 2P reserves and $14.18 per boe for proved reserves, before changes in FDC.  The low F&D costs are attributed to the high quality of ARC's property portfolio, excellent results from ARC's development program and strong reserve growth particularly at Sunrise, Septimus, Dawson, Parkland, Tower, Ante Creek, and Pembina.

Including net acquisitions, ARC's 2013 FD&A costs were $13.32 per boe of 2P reserves and $18.31 per boe of proved reserves, before changes in FDC ($12.07 per boe and $19.18 per boe, respectively, for 2P and proved reserves, including changes in FDC). The three year average FD&A costs were $8.39 per boe for 2P reserves and $15.00 per boe for proved reserves, before changes in FDC.  ARC's low FD&A costs reflect ARC's focus on high quality assets, cost management and allocation of resources and capital to the highest rate of return projects.

The following table illustrates FD&A costs excluding and including changes in FDC.

Table 7    
  Excluding FDC Including FDC
FD&A costs - Company Gross (1)(2)
$ Thousands
Proved Proved +
Proved Proved +
E&D capital expenditures 874,190 874,190 874,190 874,190
E&D capital expenditures - change in FDC - - 33,015 (90,205)
  Total E&D capital expenditures 874,190 874,190 907,206 783,985
Net acquisition (disposition) (53,345) (53,345) (53,345) (53,345)
Net acquisition (disposition) - change in FDC - - 5,885 13,535
Total net acquisition (disposition) (53,345) (53,345) (47,460) (39,810)
  Total capital including net acquisition
820,846 820,846 859,746 744,175
E&D reserve additions 50,107 68,353 50,107 68,353
Net acquisition (disposition) reserves (5,281) (6,717) (5,281) (6,717)
  Reserve additions including net
44,826 61,636 44,826 61,636
FD&A costs - $ per boe:        
F&D Costs - Current Year 17.45 12.79 18.11 11.47
F&D Costs - Three Year Average 14.18 8.24 17.42 12.01
FD&A Costs - Current Year 18.31 13.32 19.18 12.07
FD&A Costs - Three Year Average 15.00 8.39 18.57 12.47

(1)    The aggregate of Exploration and Development ("E&D") costs incurred in the most recent financial year and the change during that year in estimated future development costs ("FDC") generally will not reflect total finding and development costs related to reserves additions for that year.
(2)   Under NI 51-101, the calculation of F&D costs must incorporate the change in future development capital required to bring the proved undeveloped and probable reserves to production.  In all cases, the F&D, or FD&A number is calculated by dividing the identified capital expenditures by the applicable reserves additions both before and after changes in FDC costs.

Table 8                              
Company Gross Historic FD&A
($ per boe)
    2013     2012     2011     2010     2009
Proved Reserves:                              
Annual FD&A excluding FDC     18.31     16.76     11.11     13.35     10.53
Three year average FD&A excluding FDC     15.00     13.38     12.02     12.82     13.86
Annual FD&A including FDC     19.18     19.96     17.13     18.21     14.36
Three year average FD&A including FDC     18.57     18.25     16.95     18.04     18.41
Proved plus Probable Reserves:                              
Annual FD&A excluding FDC     13.32     9.34     5.24     9.23     6.46
Three Year Average FD&A excluding FDC     8.39     7.80     7.15     8.62     9.61
Annual FD&A including FDC     12.07     13.26     12.23     14.26     11.59
Three Year Average FD&A including FDC     12.47     13.30     12.90     14.08     14.81


The following discussion in "NE B.C. Montney Resources Evaluation" is subject to a number of cautionary statements, assumptions and risks as set forth therein.  See "Information Regarding Disclosure on Oil and Gas Reserves, Resources and Operational Information" at the end of this release for additional cautionary language, explanations and discussion and "Forward Looking Statements" for a statement of principal assumptions and risks that may apply. See also "Definitions of Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves" in this news release.  The discussion includes reference to TPIIP, DPIIP and ECR as per the GLJ Petroleum Consultants Ltd. ("GLJ") Resources Evaluation as at December 31, 2013, prepared in accordance with the Canadian Oil and Gas Evaluation Handbook ("COGE Handbook"). Unless indicated otherwise in this news release, all references to ECR volumes are Best Estimate ECR volumes.

The Montney formation in NE B.C. has been identified as a world class unconventional natural gas resource play with the potential for significant volumes of recoverable resources.  The area includes dry gas, liquids-rich gas and crude oil development opportunities.  It is one of the largest and lowest cost natural gas resource plays in North America.  ARC has a significant presence in the region with a land position of 527 net sections, located primarily in the most prospective areas of the play.

GLJ was commissioned to conduct an Independent Resources Evaluation for ARC's lands in the NE B.C. Montney region including Dawson, Parkland, Tower, Red Creek, Sunrise/Sunset, Attachie, Septimus, Sundown, and Blueberry in northeastern B.C and Pouce Coupe just across the border in Alberta (the "Evaluated Areas").  The Resources Evaluation was effective December 31, 2013 based on GLJ forecast pricing as at January 1, 2014. All references in the following discussion to ECR, TPIIP and DPIIP are in reference to the Evaluated Areas included in the Independent Resources Evaluation.  See "Definitions of Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves" in this news release.

The evaluation reaffirmed that the NE B.C. Montney region provides a significant long-term growth opportunity with considerable potential reserves, extending well beyond existing booked reserves and even the current estimates of the Economic Contingent Resource ("ECR").  ARC's NE B.C. Montney assets provide optionality for future growth through commodity price cycles given the diversity of ARC's Montney landholdings with exposure to liquids-rich natural gas, crude oil and dry natural gas.  We believe there is considerable upside in our NE B.C. Montney assets given our significant resource base.

ARC's 2013 capital development program was focused on crude oil and liquids rich-gas opportunities throughout ARC's entire asset portfolio while maintaining gas production. In NE B.C., ARC's capital development program consisted of drilling 41 gross operated (40.5 net) wells comprised 13 oil wells at Tower, 15 liquids-rich wells at Parkland and 13 gas wells (nine wells at Dawson, two wells at Sunrise, one well at Attachie and one well at Blueberry).

TPIIP for the gas bearing lands in the evaluated areas increased 10 per cent relative to 2012 to 55.1 Tcf. The 2013 drilling program resulted in a 12 per cent increase of DPIIP for the evaluated areas to 30.4 Tcf.   Growth in gas TPIIP and DPIIP is primarily attributed to 2013 land acquisition activity in Attachie, Blueberry and Pouce Coupe.

Natural gas ECR increased to 4.5 Tcf from 4.2 Tcf in the 2012 evaluation and 2P natural gas reserves increased to 2.2 Tcf from 2.1 Tcf.  These increases were primarily the result of land acquisitions, drilling activity in 2013 and future drilling activity. The natural gas prospective resources increased slightly from 3.8 Tcf to 3.9 Tcf, primarily due to land acquisitions

NGL 2P reserves associated with the natural gas resource increased 10 per cent from 24.7 mmbbls in the 2012 evaluation to 27.2 mmbbls.  NGL's ECR increased five percent from 111.2 mmbbls to 116.5 mmbbls and NGL's prospective resource increased slightly from 113.6 mmbbls to 114.1 mmbbls in 2013, due to increased land holdings.

On the oil bearing lands at Tower, Red Creek and Attachie East, GLJ identified 2,189 mmbbls of TPIIP and 1,714 mmbbls of DPIIP as well as 10.7 mmbbls of ECR and 11.2 mmbbls of 2P reserves.  The increase in oil TPIIP and DPIIP is attributed to land acquisition activity at Red Creek. The Tower field is still in the early stages of development and Red Creek is in the exploration stage, therefore additional production data is required to better understand the recoverable potential of these fields.  However, with continual advancements in drilling and completion technology, early indications are very favorable for exploitation of this significant oil resource.

The following tables summarize the results of the 2013 and 2012 resources evaluations.

Table 9a     2013     2012
Natural Gas Resource Categories (1)(2)(3)(4)     Tcf     Tcf
Total Petroleum Initially In Place (TPIIP)     55.1     50.1
Discovered Petroleum Initially In Place (DPIIP)     30.4     27.2
Undiscovered Petroleum Initially In Place (UPIIP)     24.7     22.9

(1)    TPIIP, DPIIP and UPIIP have been estimated using a zero percent porosity cut-off which means that all gas bearing rock has been incorporated into the calculations. Using a three per cent porosity cut-off, the 2013 TPIIP, DPIIP and UPIIP estimates would be 42.9 Tcf, 25.2 Tcf, and 17.7 Tcf, respectively.
(2)    The Resource Categories in this table do not include the free oil/liquids.
(3) All volumes in table are company gross and raw gas volumes.
(4)     TPIIP includes 0.9 Tcf and DPIIP include 0.8 Tcf of solution gas associated with Tower oil and Red Creek oil.

Table 9b     2013     2012
Oil Resource Categories (1)(2)(3)     mmbbls     mmbbls
Total Petroleum Initially In Place (TPIIP)     2,189.0     1,467.0
Discovered Petroleum Initially In Place (DPIIP)     1,714.0     1,467.0
Undiscovered Petroleum Initially in Place (UPIIP)     475.0     -

(1) TPIIP, DPIIP and UPIIP have been estimated using a three percent porosity cut-off for oil due to lower mobility for oil relative to gas.  Using a six per cent porosity cut-off, the 2013 TPIIP, DPIIP and UPIIP estimates would  be  924 mmbls, 742 mmbbls and 182 mmbbls.
(2) All volumes in table are company gross.
(3) The oil DPIIP is a Stock Tank Barrel ("STB")

Table 9c            
Reserves and Economic Contingent Resources (1)(2)     2013 Best
    2012 Best
Natural Gas (Tcf)            
Reserves (3)     2.2     2.1
Economic Contingent Resources     4.5     4.2
Natural Gas Liquids (mmbbls) (4)            
Reserves (3)     27.2     24.7
Economic Contingent Resources     116.5     111.2
Oil (mmbbls)            
Reserves (3)     11.2     7.6
Economic Contingent Resources     10.7     12.6

(1) All DPIIP other than cumulative production, reserves, and ECR has been categorized as unrecoverable.  Cumulative Raw production to year end 2013 was 0.4 Tcf of gas, 0.5 mmbbls of oil and 4.0 mmbbls of NGLs, which are all immaterial in relation to the Reserves and ECR magnitude. (NGL cumulative production is calculated based on current NGL recoveries).
(2) All volumes in table are company gross and sales volumes.
(3) For reserves, the volume under the heading Best Estimate are 2P reserves.
(4) The liquid yields are based on average yield over the producing life of the property.

Table 9d            
Prospective Resources (1)(2)     2013 Best
    2012 Best
Natural gas (Tcf)     3.9     3.8
Natural gas liquids (mmbbls)     114.1     113.6

(1) All UPIIP other than Prospective Resources has been categorized as unrecoverable.  GLJ estimated DPIIP values using a porosity cut-off of three per cent for natural gas and six per cent for oil.
(2) All volumes in table are company gross and sales volumes.

Based upon the forgoing analysis and ARC's expertise in the Montney formation in NE B.C., it is expected that significant additional reserves will be developed in the future with continued drilling success on currently undeveloped Montney acreage together with further development, completion refinements and improved economic conditions.  Historic drilling success and recoveries on the more fully developed Montney acreage, abundant well log and production test data, and the application of increased drilling densities support ARC's belief that significant additional resources will be recovered.  Continuous development through multi-year exploration and development programs and significant levels of future capital expenditures are required in order for additional resources to be recovered in the future.  The principal risks that would inhibit the recovery of additional reserves relate to the potential for variations in the quality of the Montney formation where minimal well data currently exists, access to the capital which would be required to develop the resources, low commodity prices that would curtail the economics of development and the future performance of wells, regulatory approvals, access to the required services at the appropriate cost, and the effectiveness of fraccing technology and applications.  The primary contingencies that prevent the economic contingent resources from being classified as reserves are the requirement for additional drilling, completion and testing data to confirm commercial production rates for development not immediately offsetting existing production.  Confirmation of commercial productivity is generally required before the company can prepare firm development plans and commit required capital for the development of the ECR.  Additional contingencies are related to the current lack of infrastructure required to develop the resources in a relatively quick time frame.  As continued delineation occurs, some resources currently classified as ECR are expected to be re-classified to Reserves.


Reserves are estimated remaining quantities of oil and natural gas and related substances anticipated to be recoverable from known accumulations, as of a given date, based on the analysis of drilling, geological, geophysical and engineering data; the use of established technology; and specified economic conditions, which are generally accepted as being reasonable.  Reserves are classified according to the degree of certainty associated with the estimates as follows:
    Proved Reserves are those reserves that can be estimated with a high degree of certainty to be recoverable. It is likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will exceed the estimated proved reserves.
    Probable Reserves are those additional reserves that are less certain to be recovered than proved reserves. It is equally likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will be greater or less than the sum of the estimated proved plus probable reserves.
    Possible Reserves are those additional reserves that are less certain to be recovered than probable reserves. It is unlikely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will exceed the sum of the estimated proved plus probable plus possible reserves.
Resources encompasses all petroleum quantities that originally existed on or within the earth's crust in naturally occurring accumulations, including Discovered and Undiscovered (recoverable and unrecoverable) plus quantities already produced. "Total resources" is equivalent to "Total Petroleum Initially-In-Place". Resources are classified in the following categories:
    Total Petroleum Initially-In-Place ("TPIIP") is that quantity of petroleum that is estimated to exist originally in naturally occurring accumulations. It includes that quantity of petroleum that is estimated, as of a given date, to be contained in known accumulations, prior to production, plus those estimated quantities in accumulations yet to be discovered.
    Discovered Petroleum Initially-In-Place ("DPIIP") is that quantity of petroleum that is estimated, as of a given date, to be contained in known accumulations prior to production. The recoverable portion of discovered petroleum initially in place includes production, reserves, and contingent resources; the remainder is unrecoverable.
    Contingent Resources are those quantities of petroleum estimated, as of a given date, to be potentially recoverable from known accumulations using established technology or technology under development but which are not currently considered to be commercially recoverable due to one or more contingencies.
    Economic Contingent Resources ("ECR") are those contingent resources which are currently economically recoverable.
    Undiscovered Petroleum Initially-In-Place ("UPIIP") is that quantity of petroleum that is estimated, on a given date, to be contained in accumulations yet to be discovered. The recoverable portion of undiscovered petroleum initially in place is referred to as "prospective resources" and the remainder as "unrecoverable."
    Prospective Resources are those quantities of petroleum estimated, as of a given date, to be potentially recoverable from undiscovered accumulations by application of future development projects.
    Unrecoverable is that portion of DPIIP and UPIIP quantities which is estimated, as of a given date, not to be recoverable by future development projects. A portion of these quantities may become recoverable in the future as commercial circumstances change or technological developments occur; the remaining portion may never be recovered due to the physical/chemical constraints represented by subsurface interaction of fluids and reservoir rocks.
    Uncertainty Ranges are described by the Canadian Oil and Gas Evaluation Handbook as low, best, and high estimates for reserves and resources.  The Best Estimate is considered to be the best estimate of the quantity that will actually be recovered. It is equally likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will be greater or less than the best estimate. If probabilistic methods are used, there should be at least a 50 percent probability (P50) that the quantities actually recovered will equal or exceed the best estimate.


All amounts in this news release are stated in Canadian dollars unless otherwise specified.  Where applicable, natural gas has been converted to barrels of oil equivalent ("BOE") based on 6 Mcf:1  BOE. The BOE rate is based on an energy equivalent conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip, and given that the value ratio based on the current price of crude oil as compared to natural gas is significantly different than the energy equivalency of the 6:1 conversion ratio, utilizing the 6:1 conversion ratio may be misleading as an indication of value.  The BOE rate is based on an energy equivalent conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and does not represent a value equivalent at the wellhead. Use of BOE in isolation may be misleading. In accordance with Canadian practice, production volumes and revenues are reported on a company gross basis, before deduction of Crown and other royalties, unless otherwise stated. Unless otherwise specified, all reserves volumes in this news release (and all information derived therefrom) are based on "company gross reserves" using forecast prices and costs. Our oil and gas reserves statement for the year-ended December 31, 2013, which will include complete disclosure of our oil and gas reserves and other oil and gas information in accordance with NI 51-101, will be contained within our Annual Information Form which will be available on our SEDAR profile at www.sedar.com.

This news release contains references to estimates of oil and gas classified as TPIIP, DPIIP, UPIIP and ECR in the Montney region in northeastern British Columbia which are not, and should not be confused with, oil and gas reserves. See "Definitions of Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves".

Projects have not been defined to develop the resources in the Evaluated Areas as at the evaluation date.  Such projects, in the case of the Montney resource development, have historically been developed sequentially over a number of drilling seasons and are subject to annual budget constraints, ARC's policy of orderly development on a staged basis, the timing of the growth of third party infrastructure, the short and long-term view of ARC on gas prices, the results of exploration and development activities of ARC and others in the area and possible infrastructure capacity constraints.

ARC's belief that it will establish significant additional reserves over time with conversion of DPIIP into ECR, ECR into 2P reserves and probable reserves into proved reserves is a forward looking statement and is based on certain assumptions and is subject to certain risks, as discussed below under the heading "Forward Looking Information and Statements".

The oil and natural gas reserves contained in this press release have generally been prepared in accordance with Canadian disclosure standards, which are not comparable in all respects of United States or other foreign disclosure standards. For example, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") generally permits oil and gas issuers, in their filings with the SEC, to disclose only proved reserves (as defined in SEC rules). Canadian securities laws require oil and gas issuers, in their filings with Canadian securities regulators, to disclose not only proved reserves (which are defined differently from the SEC rules) but also probable reserves, each as defined in NI 51-101. Accordingly, proved reserves disclosed in this news release may not be comparable to U.S. standards, and in this news release, ARC has disclosed reserves designated as "probable reserves" and "proved plus probable reserves". Probable reserves are higher risk and are generally believed to be less likely to be accurately estimated or recovered than proved reserves. The SEC's guidelines strictly prohibit reserves in these categories from being included in filings with the SEC that are required to be prepared in accordance with U.S. disclosure requirements. In addition, under Canadian disclosure requirements and industry practice, reserves and production are reported using gross volumes, which are volumes prior to deduction of royalty and similar payments. The practice in the United States is to report reserves and production using net volumes, after deduction of applicable royalties and similar payments. Moreover, ARC has determined and disclosed estimated future net revenue from its reserves using forecast prices and costs, whereas the SEC generally requires that prices and costs be held constant at levels in effect at the date of the reserve report. As a consequence of the foregoing, ARC's reserve estimates and production volumes in this news release may not be comparable to those made by companies utilizing United States reporting and disclosure standards.  Additionally, the SEC prohibits disclosure of oil and gas resources, whereas Canadian issuers may disclose resource volumes. Resources are different than, and should not be construed as, reserves. For a description of the definition of, and the risks and uncertainties surrounding the disclosure of, resources, see above.

This news release contains certain forward-looking information and statements within the meaning of applicable securities laws. The use of any of the words "expect", "anticipate", "continue", "estimate", "objective", "ongoing", "may", "will", "project", "should", "believe", "plans", "intends", "strategy" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking information or statements. In particular, but without limiting the foregoing, this news release contains forward-looking information and statements pertaining to the following: the recognition of significant additional reserves under the heading "2013 Independent Reserve Evaluation" and the recognition of significant resources under the heading "NE B.C. Montney Resources Evaluation", the volumes and estimated value of ARC's oil and gas reserves; the life of ARC's reserves; the volume and product mix of ARC's oil and gas production; future oil and natural gas prices; future results from operations and operating metrics; and future development, exploration, acquisition and development activities (including drilling plans) and related production expectations.

The forward-looking information and statements contained in this news release reflect several material factors and expectations and assumptions of ARC including, without limitation: that ARC will continue to conduct its operations in a manner consistent with past operations; results from drilling and development activities consistent with past results; the continued and timely development of infrastructure in areas of new production; the general continuance of current industry conditions; the continuance of existing (and in certain circumstances, the implementation of proposed) tax, royalty and regulatory regimes; the accuracy of the estimates of ARC's reserve and resource volumes; certain commodity price and other cost assumptions; and the continued availability of adequate debt and equity financing and cash flow to fund its plans expenditures.  There are a number of assumptions associated with the development of the Evaluated Areas, including the quality of the Montney reservoir, continued performance from existing wells, future drilling programs and performance from new wells, the growth of infrastructure, well density per section, and recovery factors and development necessarily involves known and unknown risks and uncertainties, including those risks identified in this press release. ARC believes the material factors, expectations and assumptions reflected in the forward-looking information and statements are reasonable but no assurance can be given that these factors, expectations and assumptions will prove to be correct.

The forward-looking information and statements included in this news release are not guarantees of future performance and should not be unduly relied upon. Such information and statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking information or statements including, without limitation: changes in commodity prices; the early stage of development of some areas in the Evaluated Areas; the potential for variation in the quality of the Montney formation, changes in the demand for or supply of ARC's products; unanticipated operating results or production declines; unanticipated results from ARC's exploration and development activities; changes in tax or environmental laws, royalty rates or other regulatory matters; changes in development plans of ARC or by third party operators of ARC's properties, increased debt levels or debt service requirements; inaccurate estimation of ARC's oil and gas reserve and resource volumes; limited, unfavorable or a lack of access to capital markets; increased costs; a lack of adequate insurance coverage; the impact of competitors; and certain other risks detailed from time to time in ARC's public disclosure documents (including, without limitation, those risks identified in this news release and in ARC's Annual Information Form).

The forward-looking information and statements contained in this news release speak only as of the date of this news release, and none of ARC or its subsidiaries assumes any obligation to publicly update or revise them to reflect new events or circumstances, except as may be required pursuant to applicable laws.

ARC Resources Ltd. ("ARC") is one of Canada's largest conventional oil and gas companies with an enterprise value of approximately $10 billion.   ARC expects 2014 oil and gas production to average 110,000 to 114,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day from its properties in western Canada.  ARC's Common Shares trade on the TSX under the symbol ARX.


Myron M. Stadnyk
President and Chief Executive Officer

SOURCE ARC Resources Ltd.

Image with caption: "ARC Resources' Tower Well Pad in northeast British Columbia. (CNW Group/ARC Resources Ltd.)". Image available at: http://photos.newswire.ca/images/download/20140205_C7666_PHOTO_EN_36327.jpg

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
As DevOps methodologies expand their reach across the enterprise, organizations face the daunting challenge of adapting related cloud strategies to ensure optimal alignment, from managing complexity to ensuring proper governance. How can culture, automation, legacy apps and even budget be reexamined to enable this ongoing shift within the modern software factory? In her Day 2 Keynote at @DevOpsSummit at 21st Cloud Expo, Aruna Ravichandran, VP, DevOps Solutions Marketing, CA Technologies, was jo...
Blockchain. A day doesn’t seem to go by without seeing articles and discussions about the technology. According to PwC executive Seamus Cushley, approximately $1.4B has been invested in blockchain just last year. In Gartner’s recent hype cycle for emerging technologies, blockchain is approaching the peak. It is considered by Gartner as one of the ‘Key platform-enabling technologies to track.’ While there is a lot of ‘hype vs reality’ discussions going on, there is no arguing that blockchain is b...
As Marc Andreessen says software is eating the world. Everything is rapidly moving toward being software-defined – from our phones and cars through our washing machines to the datacenter. However, there are larger challenges when implementing software defined on a larger scale - when building software defined infrastructure. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Boyan Ivanov, CEO of StorPool, provided some practical insights on what, how and why when implementing "software-defined" in the datacent...
You know you need the cloud, but you’re hesitant to simply dump everything at Amazon since you know that not all workloads are suitable for cloud. You know that you want the kind of ease of use and scalability that you get with public cloud, but your applications are architected in a way that makes the public cloud a non-starter. You’re looking at private cloud solutions based on hyperconverged infrastructure, but you’re concerned with the limits inherent in those technologies.
ChatOps is an emerging topic that has led to the wide availability of integrations between group chat and various other tools/platforms. Currently, HipChat is an extremely powerful collaboration platform due to the various ChatOps integrations that are available. However, DevOps automation can involve orchestration and complex workflows. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 20th Cloud Expo, Himanshu Chhetri, CTO at Addteq, will cover practical examples and use cases such as self-provisioning infra...
Leading companies, from the Global Fortune 500 to the smallest companies, are adopting hybrid cloud as the path to business advantage. Hybrid cloud depends on cloud services and on-premises infrastructure working in unison. Successful implementations require new levels of data mobility, enabled by an automated and seamless flow across on-premises and cloud resources. In his general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Tevis, an IBM Storage Software Technical Strategist and Customer Solution Architec...
Nordstrom is transforming the way that they do business and the cloud is the key to enabling speed and hyper personalized customer experiences. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ken Schow, VP of Engineering at Nordstrom, discussed some of the key learnings and common pitfalls of large enterprises moving to the cloud. This includes strategies around choosing a cloud provider(s), architecture, and lessons learned. In addition, he covered some of the best practices for structured team migration an...
The need for greater agility and scalability necessitated the digital transformation in the form of following equation: monolithic to microservices to serverless architecture (FaaS). To keep up with the cut-throat competition, the organisations need to update their technology stack to make software development their differentiating factor. Thus microservices architecture emerged as a potential method to provide development teams with greater flexibility and other advantages, such as the abili...
Product connectivity goes hand and hand these days with increased use of personal data. New IoT devices are becoming more personalized than ever before. In his session at 22nd Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, Nicolas Fierro, CEO of MIMIR Blockchain Solutions, will discuss how in order to protect your data and privacy, IoT applications need to embrace Blockchain technology for a new level of product security never before seen - or needed.
The use of containers by developers -- and now increasingly IT operators -- has grown from infatuation to deep and abiding love. But as with any long-term affair, the honeymoon soon leads to needing to live well together ... and maybe even getting some relationship help along the way. And so it goes with container orchestration and automation solutions, which are rapidly emerging as the means to maintain the bliss between rapid container adoption and broad container use among multiple cloud host...
Blockchain is a shared, secure record of exchange that establishes trust, accountability and transparency across business networks. Supported by the Linux Foundation's open source, open-standards based Hyperledger Project, Blockchain has the potential to improve regulatory compliance, reduce cost as well as advance trade. Are you curious about how Blockchain is built for business? In her session at 21st Cloud Expo, René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, discussed the b...
In his general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Dumas, Calligo’s Vice President and G.M. of US operations, discussed the new Global Data Protection Regulation and how Calligo can help business stay compliant in digitally globalized world. Greg Dumas is Calligo's Vice President and G.M. of US operations. Calligo is an established service provider that provides an innovative platform for trusted cloud solutions. Calligo’s customers are typically most concerned about GDPR compliance, application p...
Imagine if you will, a retail floor so densely packed with sensors that they can pick up the movements of insects scurrying across a store aisle. Or a component of a piece of factory equipment so well-instrumented that its digital twin provides resolution down to the micrometer.
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, provided an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settle...
The cloud era has reached the stage where it is no longer a question of whether a company should migrate, but when. Enterprises have embraced the outsourcing of where their various applications are stored and who manages them, saving significant investment along the way. Plus, the cloud has become a defining competitive edge. Companies that fail to successfully adapt risk failure. The media, of course, continues to extol the virtues of the cloud, including how easy it is to get there. Migrating...