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Canada Supports Haitian Communities to Improve Transparency, Effectiveness, and Economic Growth

Technical support for municipalities will lead to better delivery of services to citizens

MONTREAL, QUEBEC -- (Marketwired) -- 02/17/14 -- Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

Senator Claude Carignan, speaking on behalf of the Honourable Christian Paradis, Minister of International Development and Minister for La Francophonie, and accompanied by Denis Coderre, Mayor of Montreal, announced today that the Haiti-Canada Municipal Cooperation Project (MCP) will be extended.

"Canada continues to play a leading role in the reconstruction and advancement of Haiti," said Senator Carignan. "We were at Haiti's side when the earthquake struck more than four years ago, and we are still there today. We are working and sharing our know-how with communities to help make them more independent, improve the delivery of services to their citizens, and encourage sustainable economic growth, which remains one of the best ways to reduce poverty."

Mayor Coderre said, "The earthquake in January 2010 was devastating: thousands of lives were lost and infrastructure was severely weakened, and the government's administrative structure was left in ruins. However, the disaster that occurred four years ago has brought out the best in all of us. I particularly want to mention the exemplary work done by our municipal employees who have volunteered for missions since 2011 and by the municipal authorities of Port-au-Prince. I thank them once again for their courage and generosity. They will be called upon again for phase two of the MCP."

Claude Dauphin, President of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) and Mayor of the Borough of Lachine, Quebec, said, "The Federation of Canadian Municipalities, with its more than 2,000 members, representing 90 percent of the Canadian population, is proud to renew its commitment to Haiti's future. Over the next five years, we will strengthen the ties established with our counterparts here in Canada and in Haiti, and we will continue to suggest innovative solutions for improving services to the population, tax mobilization, good governance, inter-commune cooperation, and local economic development. By supporting our efforts, the Government of Canada is demonstrating that it listens to its partners and is reinforcing its position as a key player in the issue of local governance and support for decentralization, and we welcome this."

Suzanne Roy, first Vice-President of the Union des municipalites du Quebec (UMQ) and Mayor of Sainte-Julie, Quebec, said, "The actions of the UMQ have always been characterized by solidarity. Beginning the day after the earthquake in Haiti, we mobilized municipalities to come to the aid of the Haitian people and the communities that had been destroyed. We were there to help them plan the reconstruction of their cities, re-establish their municipal administrations, and provide them with some basic infrastructure, thanks to financial and technical support from a number of UMQ member municipalities. I am very proud of what we accomplished with our partners, and we will continue that work in phase two of the MCP."

This initiative, which builds on the very promising results of the first phase and will ensure its sustainability, is being implemented by a consortium that includes the City of Montreal, FCM, and UMQ. The project's primary objective is to help five Haitian communities establish a transparent, effective, and sustainable administration, and ensure the delivery of services to their residents.

The partners present signed a memorandum of understanding for the project.

Quick facts


--  In January 2010 one of the worst earthquakes in recent history struck
    the most highly urbanized areas of Haiti. The city of Port-au-Prince and
    communes in the Palmes region were among the most seriously affected.

--  Canada remains one of the largest funding parties in Haiti, with an
    investment of $1.4 billion since 2006, of which more than $850 million
    has been provided since the 2010 earthquake for humanitarian assistance,
    support reconstruction, and promote stability and development for the
    long term in the country.

--  In the post-earthquake reality, the MCP has contributed to the recovery
    and reconstruction of municipal institutions.

--  This initiative is aligned with the Haitian government's strategic
    development framework, which seeks to make the communes central to the
    country's economic growth, and with Canada's strategy of engagement in
    the Americas, which has been a foreign policy priority since 2007.
    Canada's vision is that of a more prosperous, secure, and democratic
    hemisphere. Specifically, this announcement is consistent with Canada's
    commitments to reinforcing institutions in the region.

--  Canada is currently reviewing its long-term commitment strategy with
    Haiti to ensure it achieves tangible and sustainable results for the
    people of Haiti and to demonstrate its responsibility to Canadian
    taxpayers.


Related products

Canada supports transparency, efficiency, and sustainability in Haiti

Link to Haiti page: http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/acdi-cida.nsf/eng/JUD-12912349-NLX

Fact sheet

Canada supports transparency, efficiency, and sustainability in Haiti

Approved in January 2011, the Haiti-Canada Municipal Cooperation Project expired at the end of 2013. Its objective was to help rebuild Haiti by restoring the basic institutional capacities of five Haitian territorial communities (Port-au-Prince and the municipalities of Gressier, Leogane, Grand-Goave, and Petit-Goave in the Palmes region), three national federations of local elected officials, and the Ministry of the Interior and Territorial Communities (MICT).

The objectives of this initiative (Haiti-Canada Municipal Cooperation Project Phase 2 (MCP2)) are to make the project's partner federations and communities more autonomous, effective and transparent; to improve service delivery to citizens; and to promote local development and sustainable economic growth-one of the best ways of reducing poverty.

To finish the work started in the first phase of the MCP and address the challenges that are still present, the proposed priorities for MCP2 are to:


1.  continue to strengthen municipal governments with respect to, among
    other things, the planning and coordination of local development;
2.  strengthen the financial sustainability of partners, with particular
    emphasis on the collection of their own source revenue;
3.  support municipal initiatives that benefit citizens and small
    businesses, such as road improvement, water and sanitation,
    electrification, and waste management, making places in these
    communities attractive and stimulating local economic growth; and
4.  continue to support the MICT in its progress toward decentralization.

The duration of the MCP2 is five years and has a total budget of $21.4 million, which includes a $19.1-million contribution from Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD) and a $2.3-million contribution from the Federal of Canadian Municipalities, City of Montreal, and Union des municipalites du Quebec. Haitian partners are also committed to gradually taking over some costs of the MCP2 starting in the third year of the project.

These objectives are in line with the Haitian government's strategic development framework, which aims to place municipalities at the centre of the country's economic growth.

For more information about DFATD projects in Haiti, visit the DFATD website at www.international.gc.ca.

Background

Since 2006, the Canadian government's development and humanitarian assistance to Haiti has reached more than $1.4 billion. Over three fiscal years (2009-2010 through 2011-2012), Haiti was the largest recipient of Canada's aid.

In the days following the January 12, 2010, earthquake, the Government of Canada provided $85 million for humanitarian assistance delivered by national and international humanitarian partners.

On April 6, 2010, Canada announced an additional $65.15 million for numerous humanitarian assistance programs, bringing the total to $150.15 million. Canada also helped cover the cost of Haiti's debt to the World Bank.

At the International Donors' Conference in New York in March 2010, Canada pledged $400 million over two years to support the Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti and toward funding the priorities of the Haitian government. Canada met its $400-million commitment in March 2012.

On March 31, 2010, Canada announced that individual Canadians donated $220 million to eligible Canadian charitable organizations in support of Haiti. This amount was matched dollar for dollar by the government through the Haiti Earthquake Relief Fund, and was entirely disbursed by March 31, 2013.

On January 13, 2014, Minister Paradis announced a $20-million project with the International Organization for Migration to help Haitian families resettle from internally displaced persons camps into safe permanent housing. This commitment builds on the successful Champ de Mars resettlement project, also funded by Canada, through which nearly 5,600 families (or some 20,000 people) were resettled.

Development program key results 2006-2013

In July 2007, Prime Minister Harper announced that "Canada is committed to playing a bigger role in the Americas." Three key objectives form the basis of Canada's engagement in the Americas: to promote basic democratic values, strengthen economic linkages, and meet new security challenges. Canada's international development efforts will also help reduce poverty and inequity in the region.

Since 2006, Canada's long-term development assistance and reconstruction support has contributed to the following results:


--  330,000 pregnant women had access to a health institution with the
    assistance of qualified personnel.


--  The Haitian health system was strengthened to improve the quality of and
    access to care for 2.2 million Haitians in four provinces.


--  A hot meal was provided every day throughout the school year to more
    than 1.5 million Haitian girls and boys, enabling them to attend school
    more regularly and to learn better.



--  440,000 Haitians were provided with access to credit and financial
    services, thereby stimulating small and medium-sized businesses.

--  More than three million Haitians now have access to approximately 170 km
    of rehabilitated and reconstructed roads, thereby increasing economic
    opportunities and improving their quality of life.

--  Approximately 90 percent of Haiti's adult population has been registered
    in Haiti's civil registry since 2008 (more than five million people),
    and they have received a secure national identification card, which is a
    critical document to obtain title to property, employment, access to
    banking services, government services, and to vote.


Canada is currently reviewing its long-term engagement strategy with Haiti to ensure concrete and sustainable results that will address the needs and priorities of the Haitian people while being fiscally responsible to Canadian taxpayers. Ways of fostering economic growth and job creation for Haitians, including partnerships with the private sector, will be explored. Ending poverty and advancing prosperity in Haiti are closely related.

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