|By Marketwired .||
|March 25, 2014 12:01 AM EDT||
SUNNYVALE, CA -- (Marketwired) -- 03/25/14 -- Juniper Networks (NYSE: JNPR), the industry leader in network innovation, finds the cyber black markets have a mature economy with characteristics akin to those of a thriving metropolitan city. A new global report, sponsored by Juniper Networks and conducted by the RAND Corporation, reveals several economic indicators that cyber black markets have reached unprecedented levels of maturity and growth.
While there has been significant research measuring different parts of the hacker black markets, RAND's report, "Markets for Cybercrime Tools and Stolen Data: Hackers' Bazaar," examines for the first time these markets in their entirety and applies economic analysis to better understand how they function. RAND found significant levels of economic sophistication, reliability, accessibility and resilience in the products, distribution channels and actors involved in the black markets.
RAND's report, confirmed by Juniper's vast experience in the network security ecosystem, suggests the cyber black markets are a mature and growing multi-billion-dollar economy with a robust infrastructure and social organization. RAND found these black markets, like any other economy, react to market forces like supply and demand, and continue to evolve.
Juniper Networks likens the hacker black markets to a thriving metropolitan city with diverse communities, industries and interactions.
- Storefronts - Like other forms of e-commerce, many data records, exploit kits and goods are bought and sold from storefronts -- which can encompass everything from instant messaging chat channels and forums to sophisticated stores. RAND found some organizations can reach 70 to 80,000 people, with a global footprint that brings in hundreds of millions of dollars.
- Service Economy - RAND found that not only goods, but criminal services are available for purchase. These tools, sold on the black market as traditional software or leased like any other managed service, can help enable the most unskilled hackers to launch fairly elaborate and advanced attacks. For example, RAND found botnets, which can be used to launch a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack, are sold for as low as $50 for a 24-hour attack.
- Hierarchal Society - Much like a legitimate business, RAND found it takes connections and relationships to move up the (cyber) food chain. Getting to the top requires personal connections and those at the top are making the lion's share of the money.
- Rule of Law - There is indeed honor among thieves. RAND found many parts of the cyber black market are well structured, policed and have rules like a constitution. In addition, those who scam others are regularly banned or otherwise pushed off the market.
- Education and Training - RAND identified widely available tools and resources on the black markets that teach criminals how to hack, including instructions for exploit kits and where to buy credit cards. This access to training has accelerated sophistication, a broader set of roles and has helped facilitate entry into the hacker economy.
- Currencies - Transactions in the cyber black markets are often conducted by means of digital currencies. Bitcoin, Pecunix, AlertPay, PPcoin, Litecoin, Feathercoin, and Bitcoin extensions such as Zerocoin are a few. RAND found many criminal sites are starting to accept only digital crypto currencies due to their anonymity and security characteristics.
- Diversity - While RAND found cybercriminals from China, Latin America and Eastern Europe are typically known for quantity in malware attacks, those from Russia tend to be thought of the leader in quality. RAND also found areas of expertise and focus among different countries. Many Vietnamese criminal groups, for example, mainly focus on e-commerce hacks. Cybercriminals from Russia, Romania, Lithuania and Ukraine focus on financial institutions. Many Chinese cybercriminals specialize in intellectual property. And U.S.-based cybercriminals primarily target U.S.-based financial systems. In addition to a diverse set of cybercriminals, RAND also found more cross-pollination between these groups than ever before.
- Criminals - Even the criminal cyber black market has criminals. Known as "rippers," these specific bad guys do not provide the goods or services they claim.
The research report, "Markets for Cybercrime Tools and Stolen Data: Hackers' Bazaar," is based on in-depth interviews conducted by RAND between October and December 2013, with global experts who are currently or formerly involved in the market, including academics, security researchers, reporters, security vendors and law enforcement. It is the first of a series of reports from RAND that are sponsored by Juniper Networks.
"The security industry, government and legal communities must come together to establish new norms for how companies can more vigorously defend themselves against cyber-attacks. We must address the root cause behind the accelerated maturation of the cyber-crime market -- the very economics that drive its success. By disrupting the economics of hacking we can break the value chains that drive successful attacks. We must never lose the moral high ground, however, so we cannot go on the offensive and hack back, but we can no longer remain passive. By using forms of active defense such as intrusion deception we can identify, thwart and frustrate attackers. Active defense is a promising and exciting approach for addressing the rapidly evolving threat landscape."
- Nawaf Bitar, senior vice president and general manager, security business, Juniper Networks
- Juniper Networks Executive Summary: From Underground City to Thriving Metropolis - An Economic Analysis of the Cyber Black Market
- RAND Corporation Report: Markets for Cybercrime Tools and Stolen Data: Hackers' Bazaar
- RAND Corporation Press Release
- Interactive Timeline: A Decade in the Making - Cyber Black Market Maturity
- Blog Post & Graphic: Black Market Prices: The Decline of Credit Cards and the Rise of Twitter
- Blog Post: Making a Choice for Good over Evil; the Conundrum Facing Today's Tech Geniuses
- Insight into the World of Hacker Economics - Webcast Registration
- The Next War Will Be Fought in Silicon Valley - Nawaf Bitar RSA 2014 Keynote
About Juniper Networks in Security
Juniper Networks builds secure and trusted networks with end-to-end security across every environment -- from the data center to campus and branch environments and to the device itself. Our security solutions give enterprise and service provider customers a competitive advantage as they set out to build the best networks on the planet.
About Juniper Networks
Juniper Networks (NYSE: JNPR) delivers innovation across routing, switching and security. From the network core down to consumer devices, Juniper Networks' innovations in software, silicon and systems transform the experience and economics of networking. Additional information can be found at Juniper Networks (www.juniper.net) or connect with Juniper on Twitter and Facebook.
Juniper Networks and Junos are registered trademarks of Juniper Networks, Inc. in the United States and other countries. The Juniper Networks and Junos logos are trademarks of Juniper Networks, Inc. All other trademarks, service marks, registered trademarks, or registered service marks are the property of their respective owners.
Statements in this press release concerning Juniper Networks' prospects, future products and prospective benefits to customers are forward-looking statements that involve a number of uncertainties and risks. Actual results or events could differ materially from those anticipated in those forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including delays in scheduled product availability, the company's failure to accurately predict emerging technological trends, and other factors listed in Juniper Networks' most recent report on Form 10-K and 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. All statements made in this press release are made only as of the date of this press release. Juniper Networks undertakes no obligation to update the information in this release in the event facts or circumstances subsequently change after the date of this press release, except as required by applicable law. Any future product, feature, enhancement or related specification that may be referenced in this press release are for information purposes only, are subject to change at any time without notice and are not commitments to deliver any future product, feature, enhancement or related specification. The information contained in this press release is intended to outline Juniper Networks' general product direction and should not be relied on in making a purchasing decision.
+1 408 936-7817
Donna Yasay, President of HomeGrid Forum, today discussed with a panel of technology peers how certification programs are at the forefront of interoperability, and the answer for vendors looking to keep up with today's growing industry for smart home innovation. "To ensure multi-vendor interoperability, accredited industry certification programs should be used for every product to provide credibility and quality assurance for retail and carrier based customers looking to add ever increasing num...
Oct. 25, 2016 02:00 AM EDT Reads: 566
“Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CloudBerry Backup is a leading cross-platform cloud backup and disaster recovery solution integrated with major public cloud services, such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform.
Oct. 25, 2016 01:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,400
In the next forty months – just over three years – businesses will undergo extraordinary changes. The exponential growth of digitization and machine learning will see a step function change in how businesses create value, satisfy customers, and outperform their competition. In the next forty months companies will take the actions that will see them get to the next level of the game called Capitalism. Or they won’t – game over. The winners of today and tomorrow think differently, follow different...
Oct. 25, 2016 01:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,015
@DevOpsSummit has been named the ‘Top DevOps Influencer' by iTrend. iTrend processes millions of conversations, tweets, interactions, news articles, press releases, blog posts - and extract meaning form them and analyzes mobile and desktop software platforms used to communicate, various metadata (such as geo location), and automation tools. In overall placement, @DevOpsSummit ranked as the number one ‘DevOps Influencer' followed by @CloudExpo at third, and @MicroservicesE at 24th.
Oct. 25, 2016 01:15 AM EDT Reads: 4,026
SYS-CON Events announced today that Super Micro Computer, Inc., a global leader in Embedded and IoT solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Supermicro (NASDAQ: SMCI), the leading innovator in high-performance, high-efficiency server technology, is a premier provider of advanced server Building Block Solutions® for Data Center, Cloud Computing, Enterprise IT, Hadoop/Big Data, HPC and ...
Oct. 25, 2016 01:15 AM EDT Reads: 3,604
Without lifecycle traceability and visibility across the tool chain, stakeholders from Planning-to-Ops have limited insight and answers to who, what, when, why and how across the DevOps lifecycle. This impacts the ability to deliver high quality software at the needed velocity to drive positive business outcomes. In his general session at @DevOpsSummit at 19th Cloud Expo, Eric Robertson, General Manager at CollabNet, will discuss how customers are able to achieve a level of transparency that e...
Oct. 25, 2016 12:30 AM EDT Reads: 936
Web Real-Time Communication APIs have quickly revolutionized what browsers are capable of. In addition to video and audio streams, we can now bi-directionally send arbitrary data over WebRTC's PeerConnection Data Channels. With the advent of Progressive Web Apps and new hardware APIs such as WebBluetooh and WebUSB, we can finally enable users to stitch together the Internet of Things directly from their browsers while communicating privately and securely in a decentralized way.
Oct. 25, 2016 12:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,850
For basic one-to-one voice or video calling solutions, WebRTC has proven to be a very powerful technology. Although WebRTC’s core functionality is to provide secure, real-time p2p media streaming, leveraging native platform features and server-side components brings up new communication capabilities for web and native mobile applications, allowing for advanced multi-user use cases such as video broadcasting, conferencing, and media recording.
Oct. 25, 2016 12:00 AM EDT Reads: 4,175
So you think you are a DevOps warrior, huh? Put your money (not really, it’s free) where your metrics are and prove it by taking The Ultimate DevOps Geek Quiz Challenge, sponsored by DevOps Summit. Battle through the set of tough questions created by industry thought leaders to earn your bragging rights and win some cool prizes.
Oct. 25, 2016 12:00 AM EDT Reads: 4,057
DevOps is being widely accepted (if not fully adopted) as essential in enterprise IT. But as Enterprise DevOps gains maturity, expands scope, and increases velocity, the need for data-driven decisions across teams becomes more acute. DevOps teams in any modern business must wrangle the ‘digital exhaust’ from the delivery toolchain, "pervasive" and "cognitive" computing, APIs and services, mobile devices and applications, the Internet of Things, and now even blockchain. In this power panel at @...
Oct. 24, 2016 11:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,981
SYS-CON Events announced today that LeaseWeb USA, a cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) provider, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. LeaseWeb is one of the world's largest hosting brands. The company helps customers define, develop and deploy IT infrastructure tailored to their exact business needs, by combining various kinds cloud solutions.
Oct. 24, 2016 11:15 PM EDT Reads: 3,850
SYS-CON Events announced today that Hitrons Solutions will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Hitrons Solutions Inc. is distributor in the North American market for unique products and services of small and medium-size businesses, including cloud services and solutions, SEO marketing platforms, and mobile applications.
Oct. 24, 2016 11:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,015
Successful digital transformation requires new organizational competencies and capabilities. Research tells us that the biggest impediment to successful transformation is human; consequently, the biggest enabler is a properly skilled and empowered workforce. In the digital age, new individual and collective competencies are required. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Bob Newhouse, CEO and founder of Agilitiv, will draw together recent research and lessons learned from emerging and established ...
Oct. 24, 2016 09:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,376
November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Penta Security is a leading vendor for data security solutions, including its encryption solution, D’Amo. By using FPE technology, D’Amo allows for the implementation of encryption technology to sensitive data fields without modification to schema in the database environment. With businesses having their data become increasingly more complicated in their mission-critical applications (such as ERP, CRM, HRM), continued ...
Oct. 24, 2016 08:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,042
SYS-CON Events announced today that Enzu will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Enzu’s mission is to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud solutions worldwide. Enzu enables online businesses to use its IT infrastructure to their competitive advantage. By offering a suite of proven hosting and management services, Enzu wants companies to focus on the core of their online busine...
Oct. 24, 2016 08:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,347