Welcome!

News Feed Item

Study Reveals Major Changes in Families Worldwide

Points to Strategies to Improve Child Health

BETHESDA, Md., April 16, 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- The World Family Map, a comprehensive report on family trends in 60 countries,  identifies and tracks key family factors affecting child and family well-being. The study reveals that in all regions of the world the family itself is undergoing major changes, with increasing proportions of children living with one or no parent, declining fertility and marriage rates, and increasing cohabitation.  Extended families, or families with additional relatives living with them, are common in many regions.  While poverty rates are high in many developing countries, there are some bright spots: nutrition and parental education have improved.

"The family is the core institution for child-rearing worldwide, and decades of research have shown that strong families promote positive child outcomes," said Laura Lippman, co-director of the World Family Map and senior program director for education at Child Trends. "In order to develop effective policies and programs aimed at supporting healthy child development, it is critical to track the major changes occurring in families around the world, and how they are affecting child and youth outcomes." 

The World Family Map project monitors global changes in the areas of family structure, socioeconomics, processes, and culture, focusing on 16 specific indicators, updated annually. This year's indicators and analysis suggest key opportunities to improve family and thus child well-being globally. These strategies include fostering union stability--assuming parents have low conflict relationships-- extended family support, addressing poverty among families with children, and encouraging parent-child communication, among others.

"Families do not operate in a vacuum. Their ability to provide for their children and supervise their development depends not only on parenting behaviors and family structure but also on the broader social, economic, and policy environments that surround them," said Bradford Wilcox, co-director of the World Family Map and associate professor of Sociology, University of Virginia.

The World Family Map study found distinct family patterns across regions, but also variation across countries within a region.  Specifically, some highlights of the findings include:  

  • The number of parents and extended family members in a child's household influence the human and financial resources available to the child.
    • Children are still most likely to live in two-parent families in all countries, except South Africa;
    • Growing up with a single parent is especially common in sub-Saharan Africa, in Central and South America, and in several English-speaking Western countries; in the U.S., the U.K, New Zealand, and Canada, a fifth or more of children do so. Asia, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe have the world's lowest rates of single parenthood.
    • Extended families are most commonly found in sub-Saharan Africa, followed by Asia and Central/South America.
    • Undernourishment, or consuming fewer calories than needed for a healthy life, has become significantly less widespread in the past two decades. The percentage of the world's population that is undernourished decreased from 23 percent in 1990-92 to less than 15 percent in 2010-12. Nevertheless, it remains an indicator of material deprivation and children need adequate nourishment for healthy development. Despite global progress in fighting hunger, in some nations in sub-Saharan Africa and Central/South America, more than 20 or even 30 percent of residents are undernourished.
  • Parental education, which positively affects parenting behaviors and child outcomes, is on the rise in many countries. Brazil exemplifies this trend, where the percentage of children living with a parent or household head with a secondary education increased from 17 to 29 percent between 2000 and 2010.
  • The percentage of adults expressing a high degree of satisfactionwith family life is highest in Chile and lowest in Russia. In Chile 74 percent of adults expressed satisfaction with family life, while in Russia only 31 percent reported satisfaction.
  • The vast majority of 15-year-olds eat their main meal with their parents.   Eating meals together provides an important opportunity for teen-parental communication. The report also found that in Central/South America and some of the European countries studied, 15-year-olds are more likely to discuss how well they are doing at school frequently with their parents than to talk about more general topics, while in Germany and the Asian countries studied, the opposite holds true.

World Family Map Essay on Union Stability and Child Health in Developing Countries

The World Family Map project also released today a special analysis that explores the relationship between union instability --as measured by divorce or dissolution of a cohabiting relationship, widowhood, or repartnership-- and children's health in developing countries. The findings presented in the essay suggest that union instability compromises parents' ability to provide the kind of consistent and attentive care that is most likely to foster good health in children.  These families may  experience increased levels of stress, less focus on the child, a reduction in social support, and a decrease in socioeconomic resources—all factors that may lead to a worsening of  children's health.  

"As families go through these transitions, extended kin networks, communities, and private and public programs can do much to alleviate these stressors so as to improve health outcomes for children who experience such instability," added Laurie De Rose, lead author of the essay and research assistant professor, Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland.

The essay provides specific findings across global regions. For example, children of mothers who have divorced or dissolved a cohabiting partnership, been widowed, and repartnered in Africa, Asia, and Central/South America are 20 to 43 percent more likely to die than children in stable families.  In the Middle East, however, family instability is not associated with negative child health outcomes.

 

About the Study/Child Trends childtrends.org

 The 2014 second annual edition of the World Family Map, is released  by Child Trends and a range of educational and nongovernmental institutions. Child Trends is a nonprofit, nonpartisan research center that provides valuable information and insights on the well-being of children and youth. For more than 30 years, policymakers and others have relied on our data to improve policies and programs serving children and youth.

Media Contact: Alicia Torres, Child Trends, 240.233.9360, [email protected]

News distributed by PR Newswire iReach: https://ireach.prnewswire.com

SOURCE Child Trends

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
With 15% of enterprises adopting a hybrid IT strategy, you need to set a plan to integrate hybrid cloud throughout your infrastructure. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Steven Dreher, Director of Solutions Architecture at Green House Data, discussed how to plan for shifting resource requirements, overcome challenges, and implement hybrid IT alongside your existing data center assets. Highlights included anticipating workload, cost and resource calculations, integrating services on both sides...
In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 19th Cloud Expo, Yoseph Reuveni, Director of Software Engineering at Jet.com, will discuss Jet.com's journey into containerizing Microsoft-based technologies like C# and F# into Docker. He will talk about lessons learned and challenges faced, the Mono framework tryout and how they deployed everything into Azure cloud. Yoseph Reuveni is a technology leader with unique experience developing and running high throughput (over 1M tps) distributed systems with extre...
Manufacturers are embracing the Industrial Internet the same way consumers are leveraging Fitbits – to improve overall health and wellness. Both can provide consistent measurement, visibility, and suggest performance improvements customized to help reach goals. Fitbit users can view real-time data and make adjustments to increase their activity. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mark Bernardo Professional Services Leader, Americas, at GE Digital, discussed how leveraging the Industrial Internet a...
Big Data engines are powering a lot of service businesses right now. Data is collected from users from wearable technologies, web behaviors, purchase behavior as well as several arbitrary data points we’d never think of. The demand for faster and bigger engines to crunch and serve up the data to services is growing exponentially. You see a LOT of correlation between “Cloud” and “Big Data” but on Big Data and “Hybrid,” where hybrid hosting is the sanest approach to the Big Data Infrastructure pro...
In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Sagi Brody, Chief Technology Officer at Webair Internet Development Inc., and Logan Best, Infrastructure & Network Engineer at Webair, focused on real world deployments of DDoS mitigation strategies in every layer of the network. He gave an overview of methods to prevent these attacks and best practices on how to provide protection in complex cloud platforms. He also outlined what we have found in our experience managing and running thousands of Linux and Unix ...
Cloud analytics is dramatically altering business intelligence. Some businesses will capitalize on these promising new technologies and gain key insights that’ll help them gain competitive advantage. And others won’t. Whether you’re a business leader, an IT manager, or an analyst, we want to help you and the people you need to influence with a free copy of “Cloud Analytics for Dummies,” the essential guide to this explosive new space for business intelligence.
"My role is working with customers, helping them go through this digital transformation. I spend a lot of time talking to banks, big industries, manufacturers working through how they are integrating and transforming their IT platforms and moving them forward," explained William Morrish, General Manager Product Sales at Interoute, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
A critical component of any IoT project is what to do with all the data being generated. This data needs to be captured, processed, structured, and stored in a way to facilitate different kinds of queries. Traditional data warehouse and analytical systems are mature technologies that can be used to handle certain kinds of queries, but they are not always well suited to many problems, particularly when there is a need for real-time insights.
Choosing the right cloud for your workloads is a balancing act that can cost your organization time, money and aggravation - unless you get it right the first time. Economics, speed, performance, accessibility, administrative needs and security all play a vital role in dictating your approach to the cloud. Without knowing the right questions to ask, you could wind up paying for capacity you'll never need or underestimating the resources required to run your applications.
Enterprise networks are complex. Moreover, they were designed and deployed to meet a specific set of business requirements at a specific point in time. But, the adoption of cloud services, new business applications and intensifying security policies, among other factors, require IT organizations to continuously deploy configuration changes. Therefore, enterprises are looking for better ways to automate the management of their networks while still leveraging existing capabilities, optimizing perf...
"Software-defined storage is a big problem in this industry because so many people have different definitions as they see fit to use it," stated Peter McCallum, VP of Datacenter Solutions at FalconStor Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
IoT generates lots of temporal data. But how do you unlock its value? You need to discover patterns that are repeatable in vast quantities of data, understand their meaning, and implement scalable monitoring across multiple data streams in order to monetize the discoveries and insights. Motif discovery and deep learning platforms are emerging to visualize sensor data, to search for patterns and to build application that can monitor real time streams efficiently. In his session at @ThingsExpo, ...
The best-practices for building IoT applications with Go Code that attendees can use to build their own IoT applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Indraneel Mitra, Senior Solutions Architect & Technology Evangelist at Cognizant, provided valuable information and resources for both novice and experienced developers on how to get started with IoT and Golang in a day. He also provided information on how to use Intel Arduino Kit, Go Robotics API and AWS IoT stack to build an application tha...
You think you know what’s in your data. But do you? Most organizations are now aware of the business intelligence represented by their data. Data science stands to take this to a level you never thought of – literally. The techniques of data science, when used with the capabilities of Big Data technologies, can make connections you had not yet imagined, helping you discover new insights and ask new questions of your data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sarbjit Sarkaria, data science team lead ...
Extracting business value from Internet of Things (IoT) data doesn’t happen overnight. There are several requirements that must be satisfied, including IoT device enablement, data analysis, real-time detection of complex events and automated orchestration of actions. Unfortunately, too many companies fall short in achieving their business goals by implementing incomplete solutions or not focusing on tangible use cases. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Dave McCarthy, Director of Products...