Welcome!

Article

Mobile eLearning Systems - The Standards and Strategies Involved

One of the main challenges for eLearning systems is having a great mobile user experience

Wireless broadband and mobile computing capabilities have changed the way we work and learn. Conference calls, collaboration platforms, cloud computing, laptops/tablets and on-demand videos have enabled many of us to work from home-based offices and to advance our formal education from remote locations.  Universities in particular are being transformed digitally by these technologies.

In this article Peter Rogers, Principal Architect for Mobility at Cognizant shares his insights on the technology and standards behind mobile eLearning platforms.

One of the main challenges for eLearning systems is having a great mobile user experience, and this is largely due to the in-browser nature dictated by SCORM.  "SCORM stands for Sharable Content Object Reference Model. Sharable Content Object indicates that SCORM is all about creating units of online training material that can be shared across systems. SCORM defines how to create ‘sharable content objects' or ‘SCOs' that can be reused in different systems and contexts. ‘Reference Model' reflects the fact that SCORM isn't actually a standard. ADL didn't write SCORM from the ground up. Instead, they noticed that the industry already had many standards that solved part of the problem. SCORM simply references these existing standards and tells developers how to properly use them together." [http://scorm.com/scorm-explained/]

The upside is that SCORM is one of the very few standards (or collections of standards) that exist in the eLearning space. What App developers really want however is to produce their own native UX as opposed to having to wrap non-mobile-first web content inside a UIWebView / WebView.  This is where a new standard called the Tin Can APIcomes in, allowing for a totally custom mobile-first UX to hook up with a remote learning record store (LRS) in order to record learning activities and achievements.

"The Tin Can API removes the need for an Internet browser. This opens up a lot of possibilities for how users experience your content, and what your content can be. Creating native mobile apps, simulators, and serious games that conform to the Tin Can API is easy. Just make sure that your software is set up to send statements to an LRS, and that your system is connected to a network (or at least occasionally connected)" [http://scorm.com/project-tin-can-phase-3-removal-of-the-need-for-an-internet-browser/]

The Mobile App uses the Tin Can API to send secure messages to the LRS in the form of "noun verb object" or "I did this".

  • bob attempted ‘HTML 5 Beginners Course'
  • user 1 experienced ‘Gamification Level 1'
  • user 2 completed ‘Gamification Level 2' with score 2000

"The concept of Learning Record Store (LRS) is a new one that goes hand in hand with the Tin Can API. The future of e-learning will require a repository (LRS) for learning records that can be accessed by an Learning Management System (LMS) or a reporting tool. As learning activities are experienced via the Tin Can API, activity streams are sent to and stored in LRSs." [http://scorm.com/tincanoverview/what-is-an-lrs-learning-record-store/]

You can use a public LRS for test purposes (http://tincanapi.com/public-lrs/) but for a permanent solution then you need to create a SCORM Cloud Account (https://demo.tincanapi.com/pdl/#/pdl/sign/up).

It is easy enough to create an eLearning system that presents learning material but the challenge is to make the mobile user experience compelling and fun, and most importantly to record and assess the actual learning achieved. The use of the Tin Can API can enable both of these two goals and with public LRS being accessible then I highly recommend that all educational developers try this out.
************************************************************************

Kevin Benedict Writer, Speaker, Editor Senior Analyst, Digital Transformation, EBA, Center for the Future of Work Cognizant View my profile on LinkedIn Learn about mobile strategies at MobileEnterpriseStrategies.com Follow me on Twitter @krbenedict Browse the Mobile Solution Directory Join the Linkedin Group Strategic Enterprise Mobility Join the Google+ Community Mobile Enterprise Strategies Recommended Strategy Book Code Halos Recommended iPad App Code Halos for iPads

***Full Disclosure: These are my personal opinions. No company is silly enough to claim them. I am a mobility and digital transformation analyst, consultant and writer. I work with and have worked with many of the companies mentioned in my articles.

More Stories By Kevin Benedict

Kevin Benedict is an opinionated Senior Analyst at Cognizant's Center for the Future of Work, SAP Mentor Alumnus, speaker, writer, and mobile and digital strategies expert. He is a popular keynote speaker, and in the past three years he has shared his insights into mobile and digital strategies with companies in 17 different countries. He has over 30 years of experience working with enterprise applications, and he is a veteran mobile industry executive. He wrote the Forward to SAP Press' bestselling book on enterprise mobility titled Mobilizing Your Enterprise with SAP, and he has written over 3,000 articles.

Latest Stories
The age of Digital Disruption is evolving into the next era – Digital Cohesion, an age in which applications securely self-assemble and deliver predictive services that continuously adapt to user behavior. Information from devices, sensors and applications around us will drive services seamlessly across mobile and fixed devices/infrastructure. This evolution is happening now in software defined services and secure networking. Four key drivers – Performance, Economics, Interoperability and Trust ...
@ThingsExpo has been named the Most Influential ‘Smart Cities - IIoT' Account and @BigDataExpo has been named fourteenth by Right Relevance (RR), which provides curated information and intelligence on approximately 50,000 topics. In addition, Right Relevance provides an Insights offering that combines the above Topics and Influencers information with real time conversations to provide actionable intelligence with visualizations to enable decision making. The Insights service is applicable to eve...
The 20th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Containers, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit your speaking proposal ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Grape Up will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct. 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Grape Up is a software company specializing in cloud native application development and professional services related to Cloud Foundry PaaS. With five expert teams that operate in various sectors of the market across the U.S. and Europe, Grape Up works with a variety of customers from emergi...
DevOps is often described as a combination of technology and culture. Without both, DevOps isn't complete. However, applying the culture to outdated technology is a recipe for disaster; as response times grow and connections between teams are delayed by technology, the culture will die. A Nutanix Enterprise Cloud has many benefits that provide the needed base for a true DevOps paradigm.
In his keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Sheng Liang, co-founder and CEO of Rancher Labs, discussed the technological advances and new business opportunities created by the rapid adoption of containers. With the success of Amazon Web Services (AWS) and various open source technologies used to build private clouds, cloud computing has become an essential component of IT strategy. However, users continue to face challenges in implementing clouds, as older technologies evolve and newer ones like Docker c...
With billions of sensors deployed worldwide, the amount of machine-generated data will soon exceed what our networks can handle. But consumers and businesses will expect seamless experiences and real-time responsiveness. What does this mean for IoT devices and the infrastructure that supports them? More of the data will need to be handled at - or closer to - the devices themselves.
All organizations that did not originate this moment have a pre-existing culture as well as legacy technology and processes that can be more or less amenable to DevOps implementation. That organizational culture is influenced by the personalities and management styles of Executive Management, the wider culture in which the organization is situated, and the personalities of key team members at all levels of the organization. This culture and entrenched interests usually throw a wrench in the work...
Cloud promises the agility required by today’s digital businesses. As organizations adopt cloud based infrastructures and services, their IT resources become increasingly dynamic and hybrid in nature. Managing these require modern IT operations and tools. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Raj Sundaram, Senior Principal Product Manager at CA Technologies, will discuss how to modernize your IT operations in order to proactively manage your hybrid cloud and IT environments. He will be sharing be...
As DevOps methodologies expand their reach across the enterprise, organizations face the daunting challenge of adapting related cloud strategies to ensure optimal alignment, from managing complexity to ensuring proper governance. How can culture, automation, legacy apps and even budget be reexamined to enable this ongoing shift within the modern software factory?
Building a cross-cloud operational model can be a daunting task. Per-cloud silos are not the answer, but neither is a fully generic abstraction plane that strips out capabilities unique to a particular provider. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Chris Wolf, VP & Chief Technology Officer, Global Field & Industry at VMware, will discuss how successful organizations approach cloud operations and management, with insights into where operations should be centralized and when it’s best to decentraliz...
SYS-CON Events announced today that T-Mobile will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. As America's Un-carrier, T-Mobile US, Inc., is redefining the way consumers and businesses buy wireless services through leading product and service innovation. The Company's advanced nationwide 4G LTE network delivers outstanding wireless experiences to 67.4 million customers who are unwilling to compromise on ...
@GonzalezCarmen has been ranked the Number One Influencer and @ThingsExpo has been named the Number One Brand in the “M2M 2016: Top 100 Influencers and Brands” by Analytic. Onalytica analyzed tweets over the last 6 months mentioning the keywords M2M OR “Machine to Machine.” They then identified the top 100 most influential brands and individuals leading the discussion on Twitter.
In recent years, containers have taken the world by storm. Companies of all sizes and industries have realized the massive benefits of containers, such as unprecedented mobility, higher hardware utilization, and increased flexibility and agility; however, many containers today are non-persistent. Containers without persistence miss out on many benefits, and in many cases simply pass the responsibility of persistence onto other infrastructure, adding additional complexity.
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo, June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY and October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.