|By Marketwired .||
|June 20, 2014 09:00 AM EDT||
TORONTO, ONTARIO -- (Marketwired) -- 06/20/14 -- A groundbreaking study released today by the Residential and Civil Construction Alliance of Ontario shows that Fuel taxes to pay for transportation infrastructure is a "second best" option when compared to road and parking pricing.
The breakthrough report, prepared by Professor Harry Kitchen of the Department of Economics at Trent University in Peterborough, ON, was commissioned by the RCCAO to explore how much revenue might be generated from a GTHA-wide fuel tax over the next 20 years. Kitchen concludes "that gas and diesel fuel tax revenues are unlikely to generate enough revenue to fund future road and transit expansions and that it is a blunt instrument to address congestion."
Instead, he recommends that innovative parking technologies and levies as well as road pricing will prove to be much more effective at reducing traffic congestion while at the same time generating revenue to fund transportation/transit projects.
Among Kitchen's findings:
-- Fuel taxes to pay for transportation infrastructure is a "second best" option when compared to road and parking pricing. -- Dedicated fuel taxes will result in additional revenue, but these monies will not shift driving behaviour during peak travel times. -- Fuel tax revenues have helped municipalities fund some infrastructure needs, but these revenues have not increased in 20-years and are likely to decline due to an increase in more fuel efficient vehicles, an increasing reliance on electric and hybrid vehicles and people simply driving less. Hence, other revenue sources must be implemented to offset these losses. -- As an alternative to fuel taxes, provincial politicians must stand up and take a good look at parking levies and road tolls as better ways to fund road and transit in the future. -- Parking is currently inefficiently priced and tends to promote cruising for on-street parking in high-demand areas. Consequently, drivers spend a lot of time looking for a vacant spot which adds to traffic congestion, pollution, and results in lost productivity. -- Efficiently implemented parking levies, including progressive pricing (where prices increase for longer stays), will result in better turnover of vehicles and will increase municipal revenue. Deployment of cell-pay parking will result in lower policing and traffic enforcement costs. -- Road pricing applied at a regional scale is widely recognized as an effective travel demand management tool to internalize congestion, pollution, and other external costs of driving. More so than parking fees, they can influence all dimensions of travel choice: trip frequency, destination, travel mode, time of day or week and route. -- Tolls can generate significant sums of revenue. In 2011, Highway 407 International earned gross revenues of $675 million (net income $128.3 million). The Province of Ontario plans to implement tolls on the new 407 East which will be built over the next few years. -- In comparison, it is estimated that a one-cent fuel tax increase will yield about $90-million per year. Fuel tax revenues are not expected to increase by any notable amount over the next two decades. It's debatable if a fuel-tax increase will generate an adequate and sustainable source of revenue. -- Road pricing and parking levies/taxes are a "first-best" policy. These instruments target those who use the roads, and are effective in tackling congestion and the problems that it creates.
Professor Kitchen's findings provide a cautionary tale. "While this revenue stream will continue to be an important source of revenue to fund transportation infrastructure in the coming years, it should not be relied upon indefinitely," said Andy Manahan, Executive Director of the RCCAO.
A full copy of the report can be viewed at: http://www.rccao.com.
To arrange interviews with Kitchen or Manahan
Learn how to solve the problem of keeping files in sync between multiple Docker containers. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Aaron Brongersma, Senior Infrastructure Engineer at Modulus, discussed using rsync, GlusterFS, EBS and Bit Torrent Sync. He broke down the tools that are needed to help create a seamless user experience. In the end, can we have an environment where we can easily move Docker containers, servers, and volumes without impacting our applications? He shared his results so yo...
Jul. 31, 2015 11:45 PM EDT Reads: 777
Palerra, the cloud security automation company, announced enhanced support for Amazon AWS, allowing IT security and DevOps teams to automate activity and configuration monitoring, anomaly detection, and orchestrated remediation, thereby meeting compliance mandates within complex infrastructure deployments. "Monitoring and threat detection for AWS is a non-trivial task. While Amazon's flexible environment facilitates successful DevOps implementations, it adds another layer, which can become a ...
Jul. 31, 2015 10:15 PM EDT Reads: 304
With SaaS use rampant across organizations, how can IT departments track company data and maintain security? More and more departments are commissioning their own solutions and bypassing IT. A cloud environment is amorphous and powerful, allowing you to set up solutions for all of your user needs: document sharing and collaboration, mobile access, e-mail, even industry-specific applications. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Shawn Mills, President and a founder of Green House Data, discussed h...
Jul. 31, 2015 04:30 PM EDT Reads: 424
The Software Defined Data Center (SDDC), which enables organizations to seamlessly run in a hybrid cloud model (public + private cloud), is here to stay. IDC estimates that the software-defined networking market will be valued at $3.7 billion by 2016. Security is a key component and benefit of the SDDC, and offers an opportunity to build security 'from the ground up' and weave it into the environment from day one. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Reuven Harrison, CTO and Co-Founder of Tufin,...
Jul. 31, 2015 03:00 PM EDT Reads: 493
SYS-CON Events announced today that MobiDev, a software development company, will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MobiDev is a software development company with representative offices in Atlanta (US), Sheffield (UK) and Würzburg (Germany); and development centers in Ukraine. Since 2009 it has grown from a small group of passionate engineers and business managers to a full-scale mobi...
Jul. 31, 2015 02:30 PM EDT Reads: 276
There are many considerations when moving applications from on-premise to cloud. It is critical to understand the benefits and also challenges of this migration. A successful migration will result in lower Total Cost of Ownership, yet offer the same or higher level of robustness. In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Michael Meiner, an Engineering Director at Oracle, Corporation, analyzed a range of cloud offerings (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS) and discussed the benefits/challenges of migrating to each offe...
Jul. 31, 2015 02:30 PM EDT
Chuck Piluso presented a study of cloud adoption trends and the power and flexibility of IBM Power and Pureflex cloud solutions. Prior to Secure Infrastructure and Services, Mr. Piluso founded North American Telecommunication Corporation, a facilities-based Competitive Local Exchange Carrier licensed by the Public Service Commission in 10 states, serving as the company's chairman and president from 1997 to 2000. Between 1990 and 1997, Mr. Piluso served as chairman & founder of International Te...
Jul. 31, 2015 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 366
Mobile, social, Big Data, and cloud have fundamentally changed the way we live. “Anytime, anywhere” access to data and information is no longer a luxury; it’s a requirement, in both our personal and professional lives. For IT organizations, this means pressure has never been greater to deliver meaningful services to the business and customers.
Jul. 31, 2015 01:45 PM EDT Reads: 102
In a recent research, analyst firm IDC found that the average cost of a critical application failure is $500,000 to $1 million per hour and the average total cost of unplanned application downtime is $1.25 billion to $2.5 billion per year for Fortune 1000 companies. In addition to the findings on the cost of the downtime, the research also highlighted best practices for development, testing, application support, infrastructure, and operations teams.
Jul. 31, 2015 11:45 AM EDT Reads: 123
In their session at 17th Cloud Expo, Hal Schwartz, CEO of Secure Infrastructure & Services (SIAS), and Chuck Paolillo, CTO of Secure Infrastructure & Services (SIAS), provide a study of cloud adoption trends and the power and flexibility of IBM Power and Pureflex cloud solutions. In his role as CEO of Secure Infrastructure & Services (SIAS), Hal Schwartz provides leadership and direction for the company.
Jul. 31, 2015 11:45 AM EDT Reads: 132
Puppet Labs has announced the next major update to its flagship product: Puppet Enterprise 2015.2. This release includes new features providing DevOps teams with clarity, simplicity and additional management capabilities, including an all-new user interface, an interactive graph for visualizing infrastructure code, a new unified agent and broader infrastructure support.
Jul. 31, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 146
For IoT to grow as quickly as analyst firms’ project, a lot is going to fall on developers to quickly bring applications to market. But the lack of a standard development platform threatens to slow growth and make application development more time consuming and costly, much like we’ve seen in the mobile space. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mike Weiner, Product Manager of the Omega DevCloud with KORE Telematics Inc., discussed the evolving requirements for developers as IoT matures and conducte...
Jul. 31, 2015 08:45 AM EDT Reads: 304
Container technology is sending shock waves through the world of cloud computing. Heralded as the 'next big thing,' containers provide software owners a consistent way to package their software and dependencies while infrastructure operators benefit from a standard way to deploy and run them. Containers present new challenges for tracking usage due to their dynamic nature. They can also be deployed to bare metal, virtual machines and various cloud platforms. How do software owners track the usag...
Jul. 31, 2015 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 163
Explosive growth in connected devices. Enormous amounts of data for collection and analysis. Critical use of data for split-second decision making and actionable information. All three are factors in making the Internet of Things a reality. Yet, any one factor would have an IT organization pondering its infrastructure strategy. How should your organization enhance its IT framework to enable an Internet of Things implementation? In his session at @ThingsExpo, James Kirkland, Red Hat's Chief Arch...
Jul. 30, 2015 07:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,402
Providing the needed data for application development and testing is a huge headache for most organizations. The problems are often the same across companies - speed, quality, cost, and control. Provisioning data can take days or weeks, every time a refresh is required. Using dummy data leads to quality problems. Creating physical copies of large data sets and sending them to distributed teams of developers eats up expensive storage and bandwidth resources. And, all of these copies proliferating...
Jul. 30, 2015 06:30 PM EDT Reads: 894