Click here to close now.




















Welcome!

News Feed Item

Initial Findings: National Vietnam Veteran Study Reveals Long-Term Course of PTSD and Link to Chronic Health Conditions

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Aug. 8, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Veterans who served in the Vietnam War and who developed Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are at greater risk of heart disease and other chronic diseases and have a nearly two times higher risk of death than Veterans not suffering with PTSD, according to preliminary findings of the National Vietnam Veterans Longitudinal Study (NVVLS) outlined today by Abt Associates' researchers at the American Psychological Association Convention in Washington, D.C. 

Abt scientists Dr. William Schlenger, Dr. Nida Corry, and Dr. Norah Mulvaney-Day presented initial findings of the study conducted for Congress and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs in partnership with NYU Langone Medical Centers Department of Psychiatry.  The NVVLS is a follow-up of a previous study of the impact of military service on mental and physical health outcomes among Vietnam Veterans—the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study (NVVRS)—completed 25 years ago. 

As of April 2011, the study team found that 16% of the Vietnam Veterans who were alive in the late 1980s had died before the NVVLS began.  Analyses of information from death records and from assessments made in the NVVRS revealed that among male Vietnam Veterans who served in the Vietnam war, those who had warzone PTSD were nearly twice as likely to die in the 25 years between the two studies than those who did not, even after accounting for demographic factors such as sex and ethnicity, according to Dr. Nida Corry.  Further, PTSD was associated with increased mortality due to cancer and external causes of death, Dr. Corry said.

For the majority of Veterans who served in the Vietnam War, PTSD symptomatology was found to be stable over the course of the past 25 years. However, 13% reported substantial increases in PTSD symptoms and 4.6% reported decreased symptomatology. These findings suggest that for a notable group of Veterans, PTSD symptoms are chronic and long-lasting and that particular groups of Veterans may be at elevated risk of developing PTSD.

"While the NVVLS paints a disturbing portrait of the course of PTSD and its long-term medical consequences for a significant number of service members exposed to warzone stress, the NVVLS helps us better understand the costs of war and provides empirical data from which to base policy and treatment decisions to meet the needs of Veterans of Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan, and of future wars," Abt Associates' Co-Principal Investigator Dr. William Schlenger told the symposium attendees.

Among other findings, Vietnam Veterans reported developing multiple chronic health conditions over the course of the past 25 years. Dr. Schlenger explained that "for warzone veterans, PTSD is associated with increased risk for multiple chronic health conditions, including cardiovascular diseases, nervous system disorders, and musculoskeletal disorders."  

Study findings also showed higher rates of recent VA outpatient service utilization for physical health concerns among male and female Vietnam Veterans with PTSD compared to those without PTSD.

"Male warzone Veterans with PTSD also are very likely to talk about behavioral health concerns during these visits, compared to those without PTSD," according to Dr. Norah Mulvaney-Day.

Summarizing the findings, Dr. Schlenger said "The study's key takeaway is that for some, PTSD is not going away. It is chronic and prolonged, and for Veterans with PTSD, the war is not over."

About Abt Associates

Abt Associates is a mission-driven, global leader in research and program implementation in the fields of health, social and environmental policy, and international development. Known for its rigorous approach to solving complex challenges, Abt Associates is regularly ranked as one of the top 20 global research firms and has been named one of the top 40 international development innovators.  The company has multiple offices in the U.S. and program offices in more than 40 countries. www.abtassociates.com

 

 

 

 

SOURCE Abt Associates

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
Puppet Labs is pleased to share the findings from our 2015 State of DevOps Survey. We have deepened our understanding of how DevOps enables IT performance and organizational performance, based on responses from more than 20,000 technical professionals we’ve surveyed over the past four years. The 2015 State of DevOps Report reveals high-performing IT organizations deploy 30x more frequently with 200x shorter lead times. They have 60x fewer failures and recover 168x faster
Consumer IoT applications provide data about the user that just doesn’t exist in traditional PC or mobile web applications. This rich data, or “context,” enables the highly personalized consumer experiences that characterize many consumer IoT apps. This same data is also providing brands with unprecedented insight into how their connected products are being used, while, at the same time, powering highly targeted engagement and marketing opportunities. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Nathan Trel...
Through WebRTC, audio and video communications are being embedded more easily than ever into applications, helping carriers, enterprises and independent software vendors deliver greater functionality to their end users. With today’s business world increasingly focused on outcomes, users’ growing calls for ease of use, and businesses craving smarter, tighter integration, what’s the next step in delivering a richer, more immersive experience? That richer, more fully integrated experience comes ab...
WebRTC has had a real tough three or four years, and so have those working with it. Only a few short years ago, the development world were excited about WebRTC and proclaiming how awesome it was. You might have played with the technology a couple of years ago, only to find the extra infrastructure requirements were painful to implement and poorly documented. This probably left a bitter taste in your mouth, especially when things went wrong.
WebRTC services have already permeated corporate communications in the form of videoconferencing solutions. However, WebRTC has the potential of going beyond and catalyzing a new class of services providing more than calls with capabilities such as mass-scale real-time media broadcasting, enriched and augmented video, person-to-machine and machine-to-machine communications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Luis Lopez, CEO of Kurento, will introduce the technologies required for implementing thes...
The 5th International DevOps Summit, co-located with 17th International Cloud Expo – being held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the ...
The 17th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. 17th International Cloud Expo, to be held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, APM, APIs, Microservices, Security, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding bu...
ElasticBox, the agile application delivery manager, announced freely available public boxes for the DevOps community. ElasticBox works with enterprises to help them deploy any application to any cloud. Public boxes are curated reference boxes that represent some of the most popular applications and tools for orchestrating deployments at scale. Boxes are an adaptive way to represent reusable infrastructure as components of code. Boxes contain scripts, variables, and metadata to automate proces...
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lee Williams, a producer of the first smartphones and tablets, will talk about how he is now applying his experience in mobile technology to the design and development of the next generation of Environmental and Sustainability Services at ETwater. He will explain how M2M controllers work through wirelessly connected remote controls; and specifically delve into a retrofit option that reverse-engineers control codes of existing conventional controller systems so the...
To support developers and operations professionals in their push to implement DevOps principles for their infrastructure environments, ProfitBricks, a provider of cloud infrastructure, is adding support for DevOps tools Ansible and Chef. Ansible is a platform for configuring and managing data center infrastructure that combines multi-node software deployment, ad hoc task execution, and configuration management, and is used by DevOps professionals as they use its playbooks functionality to autom...
The 3rd International WebRTC Summit, to be held Nov. 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, announces that its Call for Papers is now open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 15th International Cloud Expo, 6th International Big Data Expo, 3rd International DevOps Summit and 2nd Internet of @ThingsExpo. WebRTC (Web-based Real-Time Com...
It’s been proven time and time again that in tech, diversity drives greater innovation, better team productivity and greater profits and market share. So what can we do in our DevOps teams to embrace diversity and help transform the culture of development and operations into a true “DevOps” team? In her session at DevOps Summit, Stefana Muller, Director, Product Management – Continuous Delivery at CA Technologies, answered that question citing examples, showing how to create opportunities for ...
Puppet Labs has announced the next major update to its flagship product: Puppet Enterprise 2015.2. This release includes new features providing DevOps teams with clarity, simplicity and additional management capabilities, including an all-new user interface, an interactive graph for visualizing infrastructure code, a new unified agent and broader infrastructure support.
Skeuomorphism usually means retaining existing design cues in something new that doesn’t actually need them. However, the concept of skeuomorphism can be thought of as relating more broadly to applying existing patterns to new technologies that, in fact, cry out for new approaches. In his session at DevOps Summit, Gordon Haff, Senior Cloud Strategy Marketing and Evangelism Manager at Red Hat, discussed why containers should be paired with new architectural practices such as microservices rathe...
IBM’s Blue Box Cloud, powered by OpenStack, is now available in any of IBM’s globally integrated cloud data centers running SoftLayer infrastructure. Less than 90 days after its acquisition of Blue Box, IBM has integrated its Blue Box Cloud Dedicated private-cloud-as-a-service into its broader portfolio of OpenStack® based solutions. The announcement, made today at the OpenStack Silicon Valley event, further highlights IBM’s continued support to deliver OpenStack solutions across all cloud depl...