Welcome!

News Feed Item

U.S. Census Bureau Facts for Features: Labor Day 2014: Sept. 1

WASHINGTON, Aug. 25, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The first observance of Labor Day was likely on Sept. 5, 1882, when some 10,000 workers assembled in New York City for a parade. That celebration inspired similar events across the country, and by 1894 more than half the states were observing a "working men's holiday" on one day or another. Later that year, with Congress passing legislation and President Grover Cleveland signing the bill on June 29, the first Monday in September was designated "Labor Day." This national holiday is a creation of the labor movement in the late 19th century and pays tribute to the social and economic achievements of American workers. 

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there were 14.8 million female workers 16 and over in service occupations in 2012. Among male workers 16 and over, 11.4 million were employed in service-related occupations. Source: 2012 American Community Survey, Table C24010

Who Are We Celebrating?

155.6 million
Number of people 16 and over in the nation's labor force in May 2013.  
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Table A-1
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/empsit.pdf

Our Jobs

Largest Occupations May 2013                   

Number of employees

Retail salespeople                                   

4,485,180

Cashiers                                                       

3,343,470

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food 

3,022,880

Office clerks, general                                        

2,832,010

Registered nurses                                             

2,661,890

Waiters and waitresses                                      

2,403,960

Customer service representatives                         

2,389,580

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand  

2,284,650

Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal medical, and executive      

2,159,000

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners       

2,101,810

          

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupations with the Highest Employment, May 2013, http://www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/featured_data.htm#largest

Largest Occupations 1910

 Number of employees

Farmers (owners and tenants)                               

6,132,000

Farm laborers, wageworkers                           

2,832,000

Farm laborers, unpaid family workers             

2,514,000

Operatives and kindred workers, manufacturing       

2,318,000

Laborers, nonmanufacturing industries           

2,210,000

Laborers, manufacturing                            

1,487,000

Salesmen and sales clerks, retail trade       

1,454,000

Housekeepers, private household – living out         

1,338,000

Managers, officials, and proprietors, retail trade         

1,119,000

Mine operatives and laborers, crude petroleum and natural gas extraction           

907,000

           

Source: Statistical Abstract, Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, Chapter D: Labor, Part 1, Page 20 of pdf, Series D 233-682. Detailed Occupation of the Economically Active Population: 1900 to 1970 http://www2.census.gov/prod2/statcomp/documents/CT1970p1-05.pdf

16.0 million
The number of wage and salary workers age 16 and over represented by a union in 2013. This group includes both union members (14.5 million) and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union contract (1.5 million).
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Table 1 www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf

14.8 million
Number of female workers 16 and over in service occupations in 2012. Among male workers 16 and over, 11.4 million were employed in service-related occupations.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table C24010 http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/C24010

1.8%
Percentage increase in employment (or 2.3 million) in the U.S. between December 2012 and December 2013. Employment increased in 286 of the 334 largest U.S. counties (large counties are defined as having employment levels of 75,000 or more).  
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/cewqtr.nr0.htm

Another Day, Another Dollar

$49,398 and $37,791
The 2012 real median earnings for male and female full-time, year-round workers, respectively.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012, Table A-4 
https://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p60-245.pdf

Fastest Growing Jobs

49%
Projected percentage growth from 2012 to 2022 in the number of personal care aides (580,800). Analysts expect this occupation to grow much faster than the average for all occupations. Meanwhile, the occupation expected to add more positions over this period than any other is registered nurse (526,800).
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
http://www.bls.gov/ooh/

Employee Benefits

84.5%
Percentage of full-time, year-round workers 18 to 64 covered by health insurance during all or part of 2012. 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012, derived from Table 7 https://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p60-245.pdf

Say Goodbye to Summer

Labor Day is celebrated by most Americans as the symbolic end of the summer and the start of the back-to-school season.

25,455
The number of shoe stores for back-to-school shopping in 2012. Other choices of retail establishments abound: there were 25,421 family clothing stores, 6,945 children and infants clothing stores, 7,443 office supply and stationery stores, 7,244 bookstores and 8,196 department stores.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 County Business Patterns, NAICS: 448210, 44814, 448130, 453210, 451211 and 4521 http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/BP/2012/00A1//naics~44813|44814|448210|451211|4521|453210

20,893
The number of sporting goods stores nationwide in 2012. In U.S. sports, college football teams usually play their first games the week before Labor Day, with the NFL traditionally playing its first game the Thursday following Labor Day.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 County Business Patterns, NAICS 451110
http://www.census.gov/econ/cbp/

53,981
The number of travel agents employed full time, year-round in 2012. In addition, there were 16,526 tour and travel guides employed full time, year-round nationwide. On a weekend intended to give U.S. workers a day of rest, many climb into their drivers' seats or board an airplane for a quick end of the summer getaway.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table B24124 
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/B24124

862,630
The number of paid employees (for the pay period including March 12) who worked for a gasoline station in the U.S. in 2012. Oregon (9,347 paid gasoline station employees) and New Jersey (16,408 paid gasoline station employees) are the only states without self-service gasoline stations. Oregon was the first state to make Labor Day a holiday in February 1887.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 County Business Patterns, NAICS 447
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/BP/2012/00A1/0100000US.04000/naics~447

The Commute to Work

5.9 million
Number of commuters who left for work between midnight and 4:59 a.m. in 2012. They represented 4.4 percent of all commuters. The most common time was between 7 and 7:29 a.m. – with 19.8 million commuters.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table B08132 
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/B08132

4.4%   
Percentage of workers 16 and over who worked from home in 2012.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table B08128
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/B08128

76.3%
Percentage of workers 16 and over who drove alone to work in 2012. Another 9.7 percent carpooled and 0.6 percent biked to work.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0801
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0801

25.7 minutes
The average time it took workers in the U.S. to commute to work in 2012. Maryland and New York had the most time-consuming commutes, both averaging about 32 minutes.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table R0801
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/R0801.US01PRF

For detailed information on the data force, visit the Bureau of Labor Statistics at http://www.bls.gov/

Following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau's Facts for Features series:

African-American History Month (February)

Labor Day

Super Bowl                               

Grandparents Day

Valentine's Day (Feb. 14)               

Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15)

Women's History Month (March)            

Unmarried and Single Americans Week

Irish-American Heritage Month (March)/      

Halloween (Oct. 31)

    St. Patrick's Day (March 17)           

American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month

Earth Day (April 22)                               

    (November) 

Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)    

Veterans Day (Nov. 11)        

Older Americans Month (May)                   

Thanksgiving Day                                              

Cinco de Mayo (May 5)                              

The Holiday Season (December)      

Mother's Day                                                                                           


Hurricane Season Begins (June 1)                                                                   


Father's Day                                                                                          


The Fourth of July (July 4)


Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act (July 26)


Back to School (August)


Editor's note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau's Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; fax: 301-763-3762; or e-mail: [email protected].

U.S. Census Bureau Logo.

Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140825/139332
Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20110428/DC91889LOGO

SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
Digital innovation is the next big wave of business transformation based on digital technologies of which IoT and Big Data are key components, For example: Business boundary innovation is a challenge to excavate third-party business value using IoT and BigData, like Nest Business structure innovation may propose re-building business structure from scratch, as Uber does in the taxicab industry The social model innovation is also a big challenge to the new social architecture with the design fr...
Whether they’re located in a public, private, or hybrid cloud environment, cloud technologies are constantly evolving. While the innovation is exciting, the end mission of delivering business value and rapidly producing incremental product features is paramount. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 19th Cloud Expo, Kiran Chitturi, CTO Architect at Sungard AS, will discuss DevOps culture, its evolution of frameworks and technologies, and how it is achieving maturity. He will also cover various st...
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, provided tips on how to be successful in large scale machine learning...
If you had a chance to enter on the ground level of the largest e-commerce market in the world – would you? China is the world’s most populated country with the second largest economy and the world’s fastest growing market. It is estimated that by 2018 the Chinese market will be reaching over $30 billion in gaming revenue alone. Admittedly for a foreign company, doing business in China can be challenging. Often changing laws, administrative regulations and the often inscrutable Chinese Interne...
Why do your mobile transformations need to happen today? Mobile is the strategy that enterprise transformation centers on to drive customer engagement. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Roger Woods, Director, Mobile Product & Strategy – Adobe Marketing Cloud, covered key IoT and mobile trends that are forcing mobile transformation, key components of a solid mobile strategy and explored how brands are effectively driving mobile change throughout the enterprise.
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Kausik Sridharabalan, founder and CTO of Pulzze Systems, Inc., will focus on key challenges in building an Internet of Things solution infrastructure. He will shed light on efficient ways of defining interactions within IoT solutions, leading to cost and time reduction. He will also introduce ways to handle data and how one can develop IoT solutions that are lean, flexible and configurable, thus making IoT infrastructure agile and scalable.
Creating replica copies to tolerate a certain number of failures is easy, but very expensive at cloud-scale. Conventional RAID has lower overhead, but it is limited in the number of failures it can tolerate. And the management is like herding cats (overseeing capacity, rebuilds, migrations, and degraded performance). Download Slide Deck: ▸ Here In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Scott Cleland, Senior Director of Product Marketing for the HGST Cloud Infrastructure Business Unit, discusse...
Data is an unusual currency; it is not restricted by the same transactional limitations as money or people. In fact, the more that you leverage your data across multiple business use cases, the more valuable it becomes to the organization. And the same can be said about the organization’s analytics. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Bill Schmarzo, CTO for the Big Data Practice at EMC, will introduce a methodology for capturing, enriching and sharing data (and analytics) across the organizati...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Bsquare has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For more than two decades, Bsquare has helped its customers extract business value from a broad array of physical assets by making them intelligent, connecting them, and using the data they generate to optimize business processes.
Internet of @ThingsExpo has announced today that Chris Matthieu has been named tech chair of Internet of @ThingsExpo 2016 Silicon Valley. The 6thInternet of @ThingsExpo will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, provided an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life sett...
Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is expected in the amount of information being processed, managed, analyzed, and acted upon by enterprise IT. This amazing is not part of some distant future - it is happening today. One report shows a 650% increase in enterprise data by 2020. Other estimates are even higher....
Video experiences should be unique and exciting! But that doesn’t mean you need to patch all the pieces yourself. Users demand rich and engaging experiences and new ways to connect with you. But creating robust video applications at scale can be complicated, time-consuming and expensive. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Zohar Babin, Vice President of Platform, Ecosystem and Community at Kaltura, will discuss how VPaaS enables you to move fast, creating scalable video experiences that reach your...
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, wh...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.