News Feed Item

Most U.S. Adults Believe in the Importance of Organ Donation But Are Ambivalent About How to Increase the Numbers of Donors

Most U.S. Adults Believe in the Importance of Organ Donation But Are Ambivalent About How to Increase the Numbers of Donors

ROCHESTER, N.Y., June 6 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Half of all U.S. adults say they have registered as an organ donor, but only one in four has informed their family that they are willing to be a donor. Most adults believe it is important to reflect upon the benefits and risks of organ donation when considering whether or not to become a donor. Large majorities believe it is important to consider the ability to save someone's life - including the lives of family members or friends. However, substantial majorities also believe that it is important to consider the type of surgery involved, health risks that might be associated with the procedure, and the reputation of the hospital or doctor that would conduct surgery.

These are some of the results of an online survey of 2,136 U.S. adults, ages 18 and older, conducted by Harris Interactive(R) between May 2 and 4, 2007 for The Wall Street Journal Online's Health Industry Edition (http://www.wsj.com/health).

According to the American Society of Transplantation, more than 95,000 individuals in the U.S. are presently in need of a kidney transplant. Today, patients needing kidney transplants must receive an organ from a family member or friend who is willing to serve as a living donor, or enroll on a waiting list for organs from deceased individuals who had indicated their desire to donate a kidney to an anonymous recipient. Many patients each year have a family member or friend who is willing to donate a kidney, but he or she is not biologically compatible to the person needing the transplant. As a result, many patients remain on the waiting list until another suitable donor can be found.

The Living Kidney Organ Donation Clarification Act(1) -- recently passed by the U.S. House of Representatives -- is targeted to this specific group of donors and patients. The bill allows for mismatched donor-recipient pairs to be cross matched thus allowing both patients to receive the kidney donations they need. Most adults -- when the process is described to them -- are uncertain that this would make a difference in their own willingness to become a living kidney donor; but one in five adults say that it would increase their willingness to do so.

Other options have been discussed to increase the rate of living organ donations in the U.S. Some of these include various financial incentives such as cash payments, tax credits or contributions to savings accounts. The public is ambivalent and cautious about these types of proposals; twice as many people strongly oppose such incentives as strongly favor them. Most adults believe that financial incentives would make it easier for wealthier Americans to gain access to needed organ donations while also causing poorer people to resort to organ donation as a means of making money. Public opinion is divided as to whether or not financial incentives would improve patients' access to needed organ donations regardless of their financial status.

(1) H.R. 710--110th Congress (2007): Living Kidney Organ Donation Clarification Act. More information on this can be found at http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d110:HR00710:@@@L&summ2=m& TABLE 1 ORGAN DONATION "Have you done any of the following?" Base: All Adults Yes No Registered as an organ donor, either on my driver's license or % 51 49 through my state's registry Informed my family in writing that I would like to be an organ % 24 76 donor TABLE 2

ISSUES THAT IMPACT PEOPLE'S WILLINGNESS TO CONSIDER ORGAN DONATION "How important are the following when considering whether to donate an organ?"

Base: All Adults Extremely Extremely Very Important Important/ Important Important Very Important/ Important (NET) My ability to directly help a family member or friend % 86 44 23 19 My ability to save someone's life % 89 47 24 17 The type of surgery involved % 69 25 20 25 The risks to my own health % 75 36 19 20 The reputation of the hospital or doctor conducting the surgery % 79 35 24 20 Whether I would be financially compensated % 23 6 5 13 Not At All/ Somewhat Not At All Somewhat Important Important Important (NET) My ability to directly help a family member or friend % 14 6 8 My ability to save someone's life % 11 5 7 The type of surgery involved % 31 12 19 The risks to my own health % 25 9 16 The reputation of the hospital or doctor conducting the surgery % 21 7 13 Whether I would be financially compensated % 77 15 62 Note: Percentages may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. TABLE 3 WILLINGNESS TO CONSIDER KIDNEY DONATIONS "The House of Representatives recently passed a bill related to kidney transplants. The bill addresses situations in which a patient who needs a

transplant has found a willing donor, but the donor does not biologically match with the patient. The bill would allow the donor to trade with another

mismatched donor, so that both patients could receive a transplant. How would a system like this affect your willingness to donate a kidney?" Base: All Adults Total % Greatly/Somewhat Increase Willingness to Donate (NET) 21 Greatly increase my willingness to donate a kidney 8 Somewhat increase my willingness to donate a kidney 13 Neither increase or decrease my willingness to donate a kidney 68 Greatly/Somewhat Decrease Willingness to Donate (NET) 11 Somewhat decrease my willingness to donate a kidney 4 Greatly decrease my willingness to donate a kidney 7 TABLE 4 SUPPORT OF FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FOR ORGAN DONATION "Currently, it is illegal for an organ donor to receive any financial incentives for their organ donation. Some have suggested this should be changed. To what extent would you favor or oppose organ donors receiving financial incentives for their donation?" Base: All Adults Total % Favor Strongly/Somewhat (NET) 49 Favor strongly 11 Favor somewhat 38 Oppose Strongly/Somewhat (NET) 51 Oppose somewhat 28 Oppose strongly 23 TABLE 5 PERCEPTIONS OF PROVIDING FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FOR ORGAN DONATION "To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements?" Base: All Adults Agree Agree Agree Neither Strongly/ Strongly Somewhat Agree nor Somewhat Disagree (NET) Allowing people to receive financial incentives for organ donations will make it easier for many more people, regardless of the income, to get organs when they them. % 46 15 31 28 Allowing people to receive financial incentives for organ donations will only make it easier for wealthy people to get organs when they need them. % 67 37 30 22 Allowing people to receive financial incentives for organ donations will cause poorer people to resort to organ donation as a means of making money. % 71 29 42 20 Disagree Disagree Disagree Strongly. Somewhat Strongly Somewhat (NET) Allowing people to receive financial incentives for organ donations will make it easier for many more people, regardless of the income, to get organs when they them. % 26 14 12 Allowing people to receive financial incentives for organ donations will only make it easier for wealthy people to get organs when they need them. % 11 7 4 Allowing people to receive financial incentives for organ donations will cause poorer people to resort to organ donation as a means of making money. % 9 6 3 TABLE 6 WILLINGNESS TO CONSIDER PURCHASING AN ORGAN FROM ANOTHER COUNTRY "There are far more people who need organ donations than there are organs

available for donation. Because of this, there is a long waiting list to receive an organ. If you needed an organ donation, and there was not an organ

available for you in the United States, how likely would you be to consider

buying an organ from another country?" Base: All Adults Total % Very/Somewhat Likely to Consider (NET) 26 Very likely to consider 14 Somewhat likely to consider 12 Uncertain 44 Very/Somewhat Unlikely to Consider (NET) 30 Somewhat unlikely to consider 8 Very unlikely to consider 23 Note: Percentages may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. Methodology

Harris Interactive(R) conducted this online survey within the United States between May 2 and 4, 2007 among a national cross section of 2,136 adults, ages 18 years and over. Figures for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, income and region were weighted where necessary to align with population proportions. Propensity score weighting was also used to adjust for respondents' propensity to be online.

All surveys are subject to several sources of error. These include: sampling error (because only a sample of a population is interviewed); measurement error due to question wording and/or question order, deliberately or unintentionally inaccurate responses, nonresponse (including refusals), interviewer effects (when live interviewers are used) and weighting.

With one exception (sampling error) the magnitude of the errors that result cannot be estimated. There is, therefore, no way to calculate a finite "margin of error" for any survey and the use of these words should be avoided.

With pure probability samples, with 100 percent response rates, it is possible to calculate the probability that the sampling error (but not other sources of error) is not greater than some number. With pure probability samples of 2,136 one could say with a ninety-five percent probability that the results would have a sampling error of +/- 3.5 percentage points. Sampling error for data based on sub-samples would be higher and may vary. However, that does not take other sources of error into account. This online survey is not based on a probability sample and therefore no theoretical sampling error can be calculated.

About The Wall Street Journal Online

The Wall Street Journal Online at WSJ.com, published by Dow Jones & Company, is the largest paid subscription news site on the Web. Launched in 1996, the Online Journal continues to attract quality subscribers that are at the top of their industries, with 931,000 subscribers world-wide as of Q1, 2007.

The Online Journal offers three industry-specific verticals: the award- winning Health, Media & Marketing and now Law. Health offers authoritative analysis, breaking news and commentary from top industry journalists. Media & Marketing is designed for professionals in the advertising, marketing, entertainment and media industries. Law is designed to provide law firms and attorneys timely information on events and trends important to the legal market. Subscribers to these verticals also get access to the full content of the Online Journal.

In 2005, the Online Journal was awarded a Codie Award for Best Online News Service for the second consecutive year, and its Health Industry Edition was awarded Best Online Science or Technology Service for the third consecutive year. The Wall Street Journal Online network includes CareerJournal.com, OpinionJournal.com, StartupJournal.com, RealEstateJournal.com and CollegeJournal.com.

About Harris Interactive

Harris Interactive is the 12th largest and fastest-growing market research firm in the world. The company provides innovative research, insights and strategic advice to help its clients make more confident decisions which lead to measurable and enduring improvements in performance. Harris Interactive is widely known for The Harris Poll, one of the longest running, independent opinion polls and for pioneering online market research methods. The company has built what it believes to be the world's largest panel of survey respondents, the Harris Poll Online. Harris Interactive serves clients worldwide through its United States, Europe and Asia offices, its wholly-owned subsidiaries Novatris in France and MediaTransfer AG in Germany, and through a global network of independent market research firms. More information about Harris Interactive may be obtained at http://www.harrisinteractive.com/.

To become a member of the Harris Poll Online and be invited to participate in online surveys, register at http://www.harrispollonline.com/.

Press Contacts: Tracey McNerney Harris Interactive 585-214-7756 Christine Mohan Dow Jones & Company 212-416-2114

Harris Interactive

CONTACT: Tracey McNerney of Harris Interactive, +1-585-214-7756; or
Christine Mohan of Dow Jones & Company, +1-212-416-2114

Web site: http://www.harrisinteractive.com/

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

Latest Stories
This session will provide an introduction to Cloud driven quality and transformation and highlight the key features that comprise it. A perspective on the cloud transformation lifecycle, transformation levers, and transformation framework will be shared. At Cognizant, we have developed a transformation strategy to enable the migration of business critical workloads to cloud environments. The strategy encompasses a set of transformation levers across the cloud transformation lifecycle to enhance ...
Your job is mostly boring. Many of the IT operations tasks you perform on a day-to-day basis are repetitive and dull. Utilizing automation can improve your work life, automating away the drudgery and embracing the passion for technology that got you started in the first place. In this presentation, I'll talk about what automation is, and how to approach implementing it in the context of IT Operations. Ned will discuss keys to success in the long term and include practical real-world examples. Ge...
The challenges of aggregating data from consumer-oriented devices, such as wearable technologies and smart thermostats, are fairly well-understood. However, there are a new set of challenges for IoT devices that generate megabytes or gigabytes of data per second. Certainly, the infrastructure will have to change, as those volumes of data will likely overwhelm the available bandwidth for aggregating the data into a central repository. Ochandarena discusses a whole new way to think about your next...
So the dumpster is on fire. Again. The site's down. Your boss's face is an ever-deepening purple. And you begin debating whether you should join the #incident channel or call an ambulance to deal with his impending stroke. Yes, we know this is a developer's fault. There's plenty of time for blame later. Postmortems have a macabre name because they were once intended to be Viking-like funerals for someone's job. But we're civilized now. Sort of. So we call them post-incident reviews. Fires are ne...
Whenever a new technology hits the high points of hype, everyone starts talking about it like it will solve all their business problems. Blockchain is one of those technologies. According to Gartner's latest report on the hype cycle of emerging technologies, blockchain has just passed the peak of their hype cycle curve. If you read the news articles about it, one would think it has taken over the technology world. No disruptive technology is without its challenges and potential impediments t...
Hackers took three days to identify and exploit a known vulnerability in Equifax’s web applications. I will share new data that reveals why three days (at most) is the new normal for DevSecOps teams to move new business /security requirements from design into production. This session aims to enlighten DevOps teams, security and development professionals by sharing results from the 4th annual State of the Software Supply Chain Report -- a blend of public and proprietary data with expert researc...
CloudEXPO New York 2018, colocated with DevOpsSUMMIT and DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 12-13, 2018, in New York City and will bring together Cloud Computing, FinTech and Blockchain, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, AI and Machine Learning to one location.
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Nutanix has been named "Platinum Sponsor" of CloudEXPO | DevOpsSUMMIT | DXWorldEXPO New York, which will take place November 12-13, 2018 in New York City. Nutanix makes infrastructure invisible, elevating IT to focus on the applications and services that power their business. The Nutanix Enterprise Cloud Platform blends web-scale engineering and consumer-grade design to natively converge server, storage, virtualization and networking into a resilient, softwar...
CloudEXPO | DevOpsSUMMIT | DXWorldEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
The digital transformation is real! To adapt, IT professionals need to transform their own skillset to become more multi-dimensional by gaining both depth and breadth of a wide variety of knowledge and competencies. Historically, while IT has been built on a foundation of specialty (or "I" shaped) silos, the DevOps principle of "shifting left" is opening up opportunities for developers, operational staff, security and others to grow their skills portfolio, advance their careers and become "T"-sh...
Lori MacVittie is a subject matter expert on emerging technology responsible for outbound evangelism across F5's entire product suite. MacVittie has extensive development and technical architecture experience in both high-tech and enterprise organizations, in addition to network and systems administration expertise. Prior to joining F5, MacVittie was an award-winning technology editor at Network Computing Magazine where she evaluated and tested application-focused technologies including app secu...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Big Data Federation to Exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO, colocated with DevOpsSUMMIT and DXWorldEXPO, November 12-13, 2018 in New York City. Big Data Federation, Inc. develops and applies artificial intelligence to predict financial and economic events that matter. The company uncovers patterns and precise drivers of performance and outcomes with the aid of machine-learning algorithms, big data, and fundamental analysis. Their products are deployed...
ICC is a computer systems integrator and server manufacturing company focused on developing products and product appliances to meet a wide range of computational needs for many industries. Their solutions provide benefits across many environments, such as datacenter deployment, HPC, workstations, storage networks and standalone server installations. ICC has been in business for over 23 years and their phenomenal range of clients include multinational corporations, universities, and small busines...
This sixteen (16) hour course provides an introduction to DevOps, the cultural and professional movement that stresses communication, collaboration, integration and automation in order to improve the flow of work between software developers and IT operations professionals. Improved workflows will result in an improved ability to design, develop, deploy and operate software and services faster.
Headquartered in Plainsboro, NJ, Synametrics Technologies has provided IT professionals and computer systems developers since 1997. Based on the success of their initial product offerings (WinSQL and DeltaCopy), the company continues to create and hone innovative products that help its customers get more from their computer applications, databases and infrastructure. To date, over one million users around the world have chosen Synametrics solutions to help power their accelerated business or per...