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Study Reveals Cybersecurity Readiness Gaps in America’s Oil and Gas Industry

A survey of U.S. oil and gas cybersecurity risk managers indicates that the deployment of cybersecurity measures in the industry isn’t keeping pace with the growth of digitalization in oil and gas operations. In a study from the Ponemon Institute – The State of Cybersecurity in the Oil & Gas Industry: United States – just 35 percent of respondents rated their organization’s operational technology (OT) cyber readiness as high.

The Ponemon Institute – which conducts independent research on privacy, data protection and information security policy – examined how oil and gas companies are addressing cybersecurity risks. Its authors surveyed 377 individuals in the United States who are responsible for securing or overseeing cyber risk in the OT environment – including upstream, midstream and downstream applications. The executive summary of the study is being released in conjunction with a Bloomberg Live event today in Houston – The Future of Cyber Security: Spotlight on Oil and Gas.

With most respondents describing their organization as being in the early to middle stage of maturity with respect to their cyber readiness, 68 percent of respondents said their operations have had at least one security compromise in the past year, resulting in the loss of confidential information or OT disruption.

Additional key findings related to readiness, risks and challenges include:

  • 59 percent believe there is a greater risk in the OT environment than the IT environment;
  • 61 percent said their organization has difficulty mitigating cyber risks across the oil and gas value chain;
  • Only 41 percent of respondents said they continually monitor OT infrastructure to prioritize threats and attacks;
  • 65 percent of respondents say the top cybersecurity threat is the negligent or careless insider and 15 percent of respondents say it is the malicious or criminal insider – underscoring the need for advanced monitoring solutions and critical safety zones to identify atypical behavior among personnel;
  • 61 percent say their organization’s industrial control systems protection and security is inadequate.

With regard to solutions and security practices, the security technologies that are considered most effective aren’t extensively deployed. Technologies identified as very effective in mitigating cybersecurity risk include: user behavior analytics (63 percent), hardened endpoints (62 percent) and encryption of data in motion (62 percent). But within the next 12 months less than half of organizations represented say they will use encryption of data in motion (48 percent of respondents), only 39 percent will deploy hardened endpoints, and only 20 percent will adopt user behavior analytics.

“Cyber attacks in the oil and gas industry can have potentially devastating consequences for the economy and national security, said Dr. Larry Ponemon, chairman and founder of Ponemon Institute. “We hope the findings of this research create a sense of urgency to make the appropriate investments in people, process and technologies to improve the industry's cyber readiness.”

“The fact that nearly 70 percent of oil and gas companies were hacked in the past year must serve as a call to action,” said Judy Marks, CEO, Siemens USA. “As oil and gas producers use digitalization to become safer and more efficient, there is a clear need to bulk up defenses for operational technology, which is even more vulnerable to attacks than the IT environment. At Siemens, we’re able to draw on our deep experience managing cybersecurity across a global footprint. We help our customers assess risk, secure infrastructure and provide targeted cyber solutions for the operational environment, from the field to the control center and ultimately the enterprise.”

Ponemon Institute conducts independent research on privacy, data protection and information security policy. Our goal is to enable organizations in both the private and public sectors to have a clearer understanding of the trends in practices, perceptions and potential threats that will affect the collection, management and safeguarding of personal and confidential information about individuals and organizations. Ponemon Institute research informs organizations on how to improve upon their data protection initiatives and enhance their brand and reputation as a trusted enterprise.

Siemens Corporation is a U.S. subsidiary of Siemens AG, a global powerhouse focusing on the areas of electrification, automation and digitalization. One of the world’s largest producers of energy-efficient, resource-saving technologies, Siemens is a leading supplier of systems for power generation and transmission as well as medical diagnosis. With approximately 351,000 employees in 190 countries, Siemens reported worldwide revenue of $88.1 billion in fiscal 2016. Siemens in the USA reported revenue of $23.7 billion, including $5.4 billion in exports, and employs approximately 50,000 people throughout all 50 states and Puerto Rico.

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