Welcome!

Related Topics: @BigDataExpo, Cognitive Computing , Machine Learning

@BigDataExpo: Article

Patent Data Quality | @CloudExpo #BigData #Analytics #AI #MachineLearning

Is clean data a pipe dream?

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) recently announced an expansion of PatentsView, its visualization tool for US patents. First launched a few years ago, the intent behind the tool was to make 40 years of patent filing data available for free to those interested in examining "the dynamics of inventor patenting activity over time." In spite of being limited to patents (not applications) and with a focus only on the US, it offers some interesting visualizations around locations and citations.

In a blog post last month, USPTO director Michelle Lee said the PatentView tool is based on "the highest-quality patent data available," connecting 40 years' worth of information about inventors, their organizations, and their locations in unprecedented ways. The newly revamped interface presents three user-friendly starting points - relationship, locations, and comparison visualizations - which allow for deeper exploration and detailed views. However, through no fault of their own, the USPTO dataset is rife with spelling errors, doesn't reflect patent reassignments, and doesn't resolve company subsidiaries or acquisitions.

This issue is not unique to the USPTO. Other PTO offices around the world face similar barriers to presenting "clean" data. The first issue, spelling errors, merely reflects the fact that assignee information (among other fields like inventor names) is manually entered and hence prone to error and inconsistency. For example, "International Business Machines" has been spelled 1,200 different ways as a patent assignee over the last two decades in the USPTO data set.

In addition, PTO data doesn't get corrected or updated based on later corrections or patent reassignments. For example, patent US8176440 was originally - and incorrectly - assigned to Silicon Labs. My company, Innography, filed a certificate of correction to update the assignment, yet the USPTO data and PatentsView still don't reflect this. In fact, Innography research shows that nearly 20 percent of US patents are reassigned in their lifetimes, translating into a significant number of company portfolio errors based on this factor alone.

Finally, PTO data also doesn't reflect when companies purchase each other, when there's a spinoff, or when a subsidiary files patents. Microsoft, for example, now owns all LinkedIn's patents, even if the reassignments haven't been processed.

As a result, PTO data falls far short of reflecting reality, where patents and companies are bought and sold every day, and where data-entry errors exist and are corrected. The accuracy of the data is very low when it comes to representing company patent portfolios in the real world.

The Cost of Free Data
The USPTO aims to increase the transparency of patenting and invention processes. But if the quality of data and search results is questionable, what good is it to IP practitioners?

There is rich information available through the patenting process, including economic research, prior-art searching, and discovery of broader trends around filing patterns. However, it was never intended to be used as-is to inform strategic business decisions such as in and out licensing, merger and acquisition activities, or portfolio pruning and maintenance decisions.

It makes sense for PTOs to offer their data for free as a way to engage the community's interest in patenting processes. However, too many lightweight patent analytics tools use this flawed data verbatim to tout their "data quality" to IP professionals.

Many patent analyses start with a company's patent portfolio, such as competitive benchmarking, acquisition analysis, and negotiation preparation. In addition, just about every board-level question about patents requires accurate patent ownership information: "Are we ahead of or behind this competitor?" "What companies should we be worried about in this technology area?"

Poor data quality makes it difficult, if not impossible, to answer those questions accurately. To create the most accurate data set possible, companies must use other sources of information to crosscheck and improve patent data accuracy.

Innography data scientists process more than 2,000 company acquisitions annually, and our user base suggests another 5,000 updates each year. As a result, Innography has created more than 10 million data-correction rules over the last decade, which are continuously updated via machine learning and crowdsourcing.

Company leaders must be able to use patent reports to assess market opportunities and make strategic business decisions. This requires an IP analytics solution that reflects real-world changes, and doesn't rely on poor data quality from outdated PTO assignee information.

More Stories By Tyron Stading

Tyron Stading is president and founder of Innography, and chief data officer for CPA Global. He has been named one of the “World’s Leading IP Strategists" by IAM, and one of National Law Journal's "50 Intellectual Property Trailblazers & Pioneers". Before Innography, Tyron was an IBM worldwide industry solutions manager in the telecommunications and utilities sector, and worked at several start-ups focused on mobile communications and networks security. He has published multiple research papers and filed more than three dozen patents. Tyron has a BS in Computer Science from Stanford University and an MS in Technology Commercialization from The University of Texas.

Latest Stories
Apache Hadoop is emerging as a distributed platform for handling large and fast incoming streams of data. Predictive maintenance, supply chain optimization, and Internet-of-Things analysis are examples where Hadoop provides the scalable storage, processing, and analytics platform to gain meaningful insights from granular data that is typically only valuable from a large-scale, aggregate view. One architecture useful for capturing and analyzing streaming data is the Lambda Architecture, represent...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ocean9will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Ocean9 provides cloud services for Backup, Disaster Recovery (DRaaS) and instant Innovation, and redefines enterprise infrastructure with its cloud native subscription offerings for mission critical SAP workloads.
With billions of sensors deployed worldwide, the amount of machine-generated data will soon exceed what our networks can handle. But consumers and businesses will expect seamless experiences and real-time responsiveness. What does this mean for IoT devices and the infrastructure that supports them? More of the data will need to be handled at - or closer to - the devices themselves.
In his session at DevOps Summit, Tapabrata Pal, Director of Enterprise Architecture at Capital One, will tell a story about how Capital One has embraced Agile and DevOps Security practices across the Enterprise – driven by Enterprise Architecture; bringing in Development, Operations and Information Security organizations together. Capital Ones DevOpsSec practice is based upon three "pillars" – Shift-Left, Automate Everything, Dashboard Everything. Within about three years, from 100% waterfall, C...
Adding public cloud resources to an existing application can be a daunting process. The tools that you currently use to manage the software and hardware outside the cloud aren’t always the best tools to efficiently grow into the cloud. All of the major configuration management tools have cloud orchestration plugins that can be leveraged, but there are also cloud-native tools that can dramatically improve the efficiency of managing your application lifecycle.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Juniper Networks (NYSE: JNPR), an industry leader in automated, scalable and secure networks, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Juniper Networks challenges the status quo with products, solutions and services that transform the economics of networking. The company co-innovates with customers and partners to deliver automated, scalable and secure network...
DevOps is often described as a combination of technology and culture. Without both, DevOps isn't complete. However, applying the culture to outdated technology is a recipe for disaster; as response times grow and connections between teams are delayed by technology, the culture will die. A Nutanix Enterprise Cloud has many benefits that provide the needed base for a true DevOps paradigm. In his Day 3 Keynote at 20th Cloud Expo, Chris Brown, a Solutions Marketing Manager at Nutanix, will explore t...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Linux Academy, the foremost online Linux and cloud training platform and community, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Linux Academy was founded on the belief that providing high-quality, in-depth training should be available at an affordable price. Industry leaders in quality training, provided services, and student certification passes, its goal is to c...
Some people worry that OpenStack is more flash then substance; however, for many customers this could not be farther from the truth. No other technology equalizes the playing field between vendors while giving your internal teams better access than ever to infrastructure when they need it. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Chris Brown, a Solutions Marketing Manager at Nutanix, will talk through some real-world OpenStack deployments and look into the ways this can benefit customers of all sizes....
Deep learning has been very successful in social sciences and specially areas where there is a lot of data. Trading is another field that can be viewed as social science with a lot of data. With the advent of Deep Learning and Big Data technologies for efficient computation, we are finally able to use the same methods in investment management as we would in face recognition or in making chat-bots. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Gaurav Chakravorty, co-founder and Head of Strategy Development ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CA Technologies has been named “Platinum Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CA Technologies helps customers succeed in a future where every business – from apparel to energy – is being rewritten by software. From ...
Interoute has announced the integration of its Global Cloud Infrastructure platform with Rancher Labs’ container management platform, Rancher. This approach enables enterprises to accelerate their digital transformation and infrastructure investments. Matthew Finnie, Interoute CTO commented “Enterprises developing and building apps in the cloud and those on a path to Digital Transformation need Digital ICT Infrastructure that allows them to build, test and deploy faster than ever before. The int...
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Eric Lachapelle, CEO of the Professional Evaluation and Certification Board (PECB), will provide an overview of various initiatives to certifiy the security of connected devices and future trends in ensuring public trust of IoT. Eric Lachapelle is the Chief Executive Officer of the Professional Evaluation and Certification Board (PECB), an international certification body. His role is to help companies and individuals to achieve professional, accredited and worldw...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Loom Systems will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Founded in 2015, Loom Systems delivers an advanced AI solution to predict and prevent problems in the digital business. Loom stands alone in the industry as an AI analysis platform requiring no prior math knowledge from operators, leveraging the existing staff to succeed in the digital era. With offices in S...