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Configure HA Groups on BIG-IP

Last week we talked about how HA Groups work on BIG-IP and this week we’ll look at how to configure HA Groups on BIG-IP.

To recap, an HA group is a configuration object you create and assign to a traffic group for devices in a device group. An HA group defines health criteria for a resource (such as an application server pool) that the traffic group uses. With an HA group, the BIG-IP system can decide whether to keep a traffic group active on its current device or fail over the traffic group to another device when resources such as pool members fall below a certain level.

First, some prerequisites:

  • Basic Setup: Each BIG-IP (v13) is licensed, provisioned and configured to run BIG-IP LTM
  • HA Configuration: All BIG-IP devices are members of a sync-failover device group and synced
  • Each BIG-IP has a unique virtual server with a unique server pool assigned to it
  • All virtual addresses are associated with traffic-group-1

To the BIG-IP GUI!

First you go to System>High Availability>HA Group List>and then click the Create button.

hab1

The first thing is to name the group. Give it a detailed name to indicate the object group type, the device it pertains to and the traffic group it pertains to. In this case, we’ll call it ‘ha_group_deviceA_tg1.’

hab2

Next, we’ll click Add in the Pools area under Health Conditions and add the pool for BIG-IP A to the HA Group which we’ve already created. We then move on to the minimum member count. The minimum member count is members that need to be up for traffic-group-1 to remain active on BIG-IP A. In this case, we want 3 out of 4 members to be up. If that number falls below 3, the BIG-IP will automatically fail the traffic group over to another device in the device group.

hab34

Next is HA Score and this is the sufficient threshold which is the number of up pool members you want to represent a full health score. In this case, we’ll choose 4. So if 4 pool members are up then it is considered to have a full health score. If fewer than 4 members are up, then this health score would be lower. We’ll give it a default weight of 10 since 10 represents the full HA score for BIG-IP A. We’re going to say that all 4 members need to be active in the group in order for BIG-IP to give BIG-IP A an HA score of 10. And we click Add.

hab6

We’ll then see a summary of the health conditions we just specified including the minimum member count and sufficient member count. Then click Create HA Group.

hab7

Next, we go to Device Management>Traffic Groups>and click on traffic-group-1.

hab8

Now, we’ll associate this new HA Group with traffic-group-1. Go to the HA Group setting and select the new HA Group from the drop-down list. And then select the Failover Method to Device with the Best HA Score. Click Save.

hab81

Now we do the same thing for BIG-IP B. So again, go to System>High Availability>HA Group List>and then click the Create button. Give it a special name, click Add in the Pools area and select the pool you’ve already created for BIG-IP B. Again, for our situation, we’ll specify a minimum of 3 members to be up if traffic-group-1 is active on BIG-IP B. This minimum number does not have to be the same as the other HA Group, but it is for this example. Again, a default weight of 10 in the HA Score for all pool members. Click Add and then Create HA Group for BIG-IP B.

hab82

And then, Device Management>Traffic Groups> and click traffic-group-1. Choose BIG-IP B’s HA Group and select the same Failover method as BIG-IP A – Based on HA Score. Click Save.

Lastly, you would create another HA Group on BIG-IP C as we’ve done on BIG-IP A and BIG-IP B. Once that happens, you’ll have the same set up as this:

ha2a

As you can see, BIG-IP A has lost another pool member causing traffic-group-1 to failover and the BIG-IP software has chosen BIG-IP C as the next active device to host the traffic group because BIG-IP C has the highest HA Score based on the health of its pool.

Thanks to our TechPubs group for the basis of this article and check out a video demo here.

ps


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More Stories By Peter Silva

Peter is an F5 evangelist for security, IoT, mobile and core. His background in theatre brings the slightly theatrical and fairly technical together to cover training, writing, speaking, along with overall product evangelism for F5. He's also produced over 350 videos and recorded over 50 audio whitepapers. After working in Professional Theatre for 10 years, Peter decided to change careers. Starting out with a small VAR selling Netopia routers and the Instant Internet box, he soon became one of the first six Internet Specialists for AT&T managing customers on the original ATT WorldNet network.

Now having his Telco background he moved to Verio to focus on access, IP security along with web hosting. After losing a deal to Exodus Communications (now Savvis) for technical reasons, the customer still wanted Peter as their local SE contact so Exodus made him an offer he couldn’t refuse. As only the third person hired in the Midwest, he helped Exodus grow from an executive suite to two enormous datacenters in the Chicago land area working with such customers as Ticketmaster, Rolling Stone, uBid, Orbitz, Best Buy and others.

Writer, speaker and Video Host, he's also been in such plays as The Glass Menagerie, All’s Well That Ends Well, Cinderella and others.

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