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RxJS Essentials. Part 3: using Observable.create()

In the previous article of this series you’ve seen some RxJS operator, and in this article I’ll show you how to create an Observable using the method create() and how an observable can send messages to the observer using its API.

An observer is an object that implements one or more of these functions: next(), error(), and complete(). Let’s use an object literal to illustrate an observer, but later in this section, we’ll use a simplified syntax with arrow functions:

const beerObserver = {
  next: function(beer) { console.log("Subscriber got " + 
                       beer.name)},
  error: function(err) { console.err(error)},
  complete: function() {console.log("The stream is over")}
}

You can create an observable with the method create() passing an argument that will represent an observer. When observable gets created, it doesn’t know yet which concrete object will be provided. It’ll be known later, at the time of the subscription.

beerObservable = Rx.Observable.create( 
                 observer => observer.next(beer));

This particular observable thinks, “When someone will subscribe to my beers, they will provide me a concrete beer consumer, and I’ll just push one beer object to this guy”.

At the time of subscription, we’ll provide a concrete observer to our observable.

beerObservable.subscribe(beerObserver); 

The observer will get the beer and will print on the console something like this:

Subscriber got Stella

The next listing has a complete script that illustrates the creation of the observer, observable and the subscription. The function getObservableBeer() creates and returns the observable that will iterate through the array of beers and will push each beer to the observer by invoking next(). After that, our observable will invoke complete() on the observer indicating that there won’t be any more beers.

function getObservableBeer(){

    var beers = [
        {name: "Stella", country: "Belgium", price: 9.50},
        {name: "Sam Adams", country: "USA", price: 8.50},
        {name: "Bud Light", country: "USA", price: 6.50},
        {name: "Brooklyn Lager", country: "USA", price: 8.00},
        {name: "Sapporo", country: "Japan", price: 7.50}
    ];

        
    return Rx.Observable.create( observer => { // 1

              beers.forEach( beer => observer.next(beer)); // 2

              observer.complete(); // 3
           }
    );
}

getObservableBeer()
     .subscribe(  // 4
         beer => console.log("Subscriber got " + beer.name),
         error => console.err(error),
            () => console.log("The stream is over")
);

1 Create and return the observable object
2 Push each beer to the observer
3 Push the end of stream message to the observer
4 Subscribe to the observable providing the observer object in the form of three fat arrow functions.

The output of this script is shown next:

Subscriber got Stella
Subscriber got Sam Adams
Subscriber got Bud Light
Subscriber got Brooklyn Lager
Subscriber got Sapporo
The stream is over

To see it in CodePen visit this link.

Many RxJS tutorials explain concepts just using observables that emit numbers, which sometimes complicates the understanding of the concept. Things are different when we use examples from the real life. Everyone understands what the beer is for so the concepts become clear, right?


Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Yakov Fain

Yakov Fain is a Java Champion and a co-founder of the IT consultancy Farata Systems and the product company SuranceBay. He wrote a thousand blogs (http://yakovfain.com) and several books about software development. Yakov authored and co-authored such books as "Angular 2 Development with TypeScript", "Java 24-Hour Trainer", and "Enterprise Web Development". His Twitter tag is @yfain

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